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Viral Infections

अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Viruses are capsules with genetic material inside. They are very tiny, much smaller than bacteria. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox and hemorrhagic fevers.

Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This eventually kills the cells, which can make you sick.

Viral infections are hard to treat because viruses live inside your body's cells. They are "protected" from medicines, which usually move through your bloodstream. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are a few antiviral medicines available. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Symptoms of Viral Infections

The following features are indicative of Viral Infections:
  • stuffy or runny nose
  • sneezing
  • coughing
  • sore throat
  • mild fever
  • weakness
  • headache
  • aching joints
  • mucous membrane growths
  • black dots
  • rough bumps
  • rash
  • swollen lymph glands
  • fatigue
  • diarrhea
  • weight loss
  • night sweat
  • yeast infection
It is possible that Viral Infections shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Common Causes of Viral Infections

The following are the most common causes of Viral Infections:
  • rhinoviruses
  • respiratory syncytial virus
  • human parainfluenza viruses
  • human metapneumovirus
  • human papillomavirus
References: 3, 6, 7, 8, 9

Other Causes of Viral Infections

The following are the less common causes of Viral Infections:
  • transmitted via airborne droplets
  • direct contact with infected nasal secretions
  • prolonged exposure to cold weather
  • human immunodeficiency virus
  • fall in CD4 count
  • sexual contact
  • blood transfusion
  • sharing needles
  • pregnancy
  • breastfeeding
References: 3, 6, 7, 8, 9

Risk Factors of Viral Infections

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Viral Infections:
  • weakened immune system
  • smoking
  • damaged skin
  • unprotected sex
  • other sexually transmitted infections
  • by sharing needles

Prevention of Viral Infections

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Viral Infections. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wash hands daily with soap and water
  • do not touch your nose, mouth and eyes with unwashed hands
  • stay away from sick or infected people
  • get vaccinated against human papillomavirus
  • use condoms
  • HIV test before sex
  • be monogamous
  • limit sexual partners
  • do not douche
  • do not abuse drugs or alcohol
  • preventing mother to child transmission
  • avoid breast feeding
References: 2, 10, 11, 12

Occurrence of Viral Infections

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Viral Infections cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Viral Infections most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Viral Infections most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 7, 13, 14, 15

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Viral Infections

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Viral Infections:
  • Chest X-ray: To diagnose common cold
  • Pap test: To examine the abnormalities that can lead to cancer
  • DNA test: To analyze the DNA of the high-risk varieties of Human papillomavirus
  • Vinegar solution test: To recognize the lesions
  • Screening test: To check the presence of HIV antibody and antigen in blood sample
  • CD4 count: To check CD4 (white blood cells) count
  • Viral load: To measure the amount of virus in blood
  • Drug resistance: To check the resistance of the HIV strain to anti-HIV medications
  • Other lab tests: To test other infections like tuberculosis, hepatitis, urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections
References: 3, 6, 7, 16

Doctor for Diagnosis of Viral Infections

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Viral Infections:
  • Infectious disease specialist
  • Dermatologist
  • Podiatrist
  • Gynecologist
  • Urologist
  • HIV specialist

Complications of Viral Infections if Untreated

Yes, Viral Infections causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Viral Infections is left untreated:
  • asthma
  • acute sinusitis
  • strep throat
  • pneumonia
  • croup
  • bronchiolitis
  • tuberculosis
  • cytomegalovirus
  • candidiasis
  • cryptococcal meningitis
  • toxoplasmosis
  • cryptosporidiosis
  • kaposi's sarcoma
  • lymphomas
  • wasting syndrome
  • neurological complications
  • kidney disease
References: 2, 6, 17

Procedures for Treatment of Viral Infections

The following procedures are used to treat Viral Infections:
  • Cryotherapy: Freezing with liquid nitrogen that destroys the tissue
  • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure: Eliminating the cervical tissue by using a hot wire loop
  • Surgical conization: To alleviate a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix and cervical canal
  • Laser vaporization conization: To kill the cervical tissue
  • Antiretroviral therapy: Raises the CD4 cell count
References: 2, 18

Self-care for Viral Infections

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Viral Infections:
  • Nail biting: Avoid nail biting helps in preventing the human papillomavirus infection
  • Sex partners: By lowering the number of sex partners helps in transmitting the infection
  • Using latex condom: Protects from developing warts
References: 3, 19

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Viral Infections

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Viral Infections:
  • Chloroform extracts of garlic: Helps in relieving cutaneous warts
References: 20

Patient Support for Treatment of Viral Infections

The following actions may help Viral Infections patients:
  • Education: By providing education about safe sexual practices and warnings about tobacco use
  • Join support group: Helps in managing HIV
References: 21, 22

Time for Treatment of Viral Infections

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Viral Infections to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced
References: 22, 23

Is Viral Infections Infectious?

Yes, Viral Infections is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • hand-to-hand contact with infected people
  • contact with respiratory secretions or stool from an infected person
  • direct sexual contact
  • blood transfusion
  • sharing needles
  • pregnant mother to fetus
  • breast feeding
References: 2, 7, 9, 10, 24

Questions - Viral Infections

Demographic Information - Viral Infections

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Viral Infections. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
6 out of 7 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female1
Male6
Other0
Participants: 7
Age
The most common user is 30-40 years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-301
30-402
40-500
50+1
Participants: 4
Marital Status
Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
Users Percentile
Married or domestic partnership1
Participants: 1
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Back pain.
Users Percentile
Back pain1
Asthma1
Obesity1
Hepatitis B1
Participants: 4
Body Weight
2 out of 5 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight2
Not overweight3
Participants: 5
Smoking Habit
3 out of 4 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke1
Do not smoke3
Participants: 4
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never3
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 3
Well-being
3 out of 5 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months3
No significant pain in the last 3 months2
Participants: 5
Profession
Accountant is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Accountant1
Engineer, IT or Software1
House Maker1
Other1
Participants: 3
Routine Health Check-ups
1 out of 1 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
Users Percentile
Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations0
Participants: 1
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
0 out of 1 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
Users Percentile
Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis0
No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis1
Participants: 1
Immunization
1 out of 1 users report that they are have received immunization.
Users Percentile
Yes, received immunization1
No, not received immunization0
Participants: 1
Supplements
0 out of 1 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
Users Percentile
Yes, taking supplements0
No, not taking supplements1
Participants: 1
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week2
Twice a week0
Five times a week0
Everyday1
Participants: 3
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables '1-3 times per month'.
Users Percentile
1-3 times per month1
Participants: 1
Healthy Food Choices
Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Always'.
Users Percentile
Always1
Participants: 1
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
0 out of 1 users report that they are on a special diet.
Users Percentile
Yes, on a special diet0
No, not on a special diet1
Participants: 1
Housing Type
Users most commonly report that they live in a 'House'.
Users Percentile
House1
Participants: 1
Own Home
1 out of 1 users report that they own a home.
Users Percentile
Yes, own a home1
No, do not own a home0
Participants: 1
Non-emergency Visits
Users most commonly report that they go to 'Doctor's Clinic' for their non-emergency health issues.
Users Percentile
Doctor's Clinic1
Participants: 1
Medicine Source
Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
Users Percentile
Local pharmacy1
Participants: 1

References

  1. PubMed Health Common Cold - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. NIH HPV and Cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Mayo Clinic HPV infection - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. American Academy of Dermatology Warts - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. MayoClinic HIV/AIDS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MAYO CLINIC Common cold - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Wikipedia Common cold - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. MayoClinic HIV/AIDS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. NIH How is HIV spread? - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. CDC Common Colds: Protect Yourself and Others - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  11. Women's Health Top Questions About HIV Prevention and Women - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  12. NIH How can I prevent myself or my child from getting HIV? - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  13. Wikipedia Human papillomavirus infection - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  14. American Academy of Dermatology Warts - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  15. Wikipedia HIV AIDS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  16. MayoClinic HIV/AIDS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  17. MayoClinic HIV/AIDS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  18. MedlinePlus HIV/AIDS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  19. MayoClinic HIV/AIDS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  20. Lipke MM. An armamentarium of wart treatments. Clin Med Res. 2006;4(4):273-93 - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  21. WHO Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  22. CDC HIV/AIDS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  23. CDC Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Module - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  24. MayoClinic HIV/AIDS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  25. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/12/2018.
This page provides information for Viral Infections in English.

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