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    Sore Throat

    Also called: Pharyngitis
    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    Your throat is a tube that carries food to your esophagus and air to your windpipe and larynx (also called the voice box). The technical name for the throat is pharynx.

    You can have a sore throat for many reasons. Often, colds and flu cause sore throats. Other causes can include:

    Treatment depends on the cause. Sucking on lozenges, drinking lots of liquids, and gargling may ease the pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers can also help, but children should not take aspirin.

    Symptoms of Sore Throat

    The following features are indicative of Sore Throat:
    • scratchy sensation in the throat
    • pain that worsens with swallowing or talking
    • difficulty swallowing
    • sore, swollen glands in your neck or jaw
    • swollen, red tonsils
    • pus on your tonsils
    • hoarse or muffled voice
    • fever
    • cough
    • runny nose
    • headache
    • sneezing
    It is possible that Sore Throat shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1, 2

    Common Causes of Sore Throat

    The following are the most common causes of Sore Throat:
    • common cold
    • flu
    • measles
    • chickenpox
    • croup
    • Streptococcus pyogenes
    References: 1

    Other Causes of Sore Throat

    The following are the less common causes of Sore Throat:
    • allergies
    • dryness
    • muscle strain
    • gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • HIV infection
    • cancerous tumors of the throat
    References: 1

    Risk Factors of Sore Throat

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Sore Throat:
    • children
    • exposure to tobacco smoke
    • seasonal allergies
    • exposure to chemical irritants
    • sinus infections
    • weakened immunity

    Prevention of Sore Throat

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Sore Throat. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • practice good hand hygiene
    • avoid close contact with people who are sick
    • avoid smoking
    • wash your hands frequently
    References: 3, 4

    Occurrence of Sore Throat

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Sore Throat cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Sore Throat most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Sore Throat most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 5

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Sore Throat

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Sore Throat:
    • Physical exam: To look at the throat by using a lighted instrument
    • Throat swab: To diagnose streptococcal bacteria by rubbing sterile swab over the back of the throat
    References: 4, 5

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Sore Throat

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Sore Throat:
    • Otorhinolaryngologist
    • Allergist

    Complications of Sore Throat if Untreated

    Yes, Sore Throat causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Sore Throat is left untreated:
    • acute rheumatic fever
    • peritonsillar abscess
    References: 2

    Self-care for Sore Throat

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Sore Throat:
    • Drink fluids: Keeps the throat moist and prevent dehydration
    • Gargle with saltwater: Helps in soothing sore throat
    • Avoid irritants: Keep your home free from cigarette smoke
    References: 4

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Sore Throat

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Sore Throat:
    • Licorice and Marshmallow root: Helps in relieving sore throat
    References: 4

    Time for Treatment of Sore Throat

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Sore Throat to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 1 - 4 weeks
    References: 1, 3

    Is Sore Throat Infectious?

    Yes, Sore Throat is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
    • saliva or nasal secretions from an infected person
    References: 2

    Related Topics - Sore Throat

    Questions - Sore Throat

    A sore throat is an acute upper respiratory tract infection that affects the respiratory mucosa of the throat. NSAIDs may reduce the pain of a sore throat at 24 hours or within 2−5 days. Among NSAIDs, Paracetamol seems to effectively reduce the pain of acute infective sore throat after a single dose or at regular doses over two days.
    
    The safety profile of Paracetamol (sore throat medicine) during pregnancy is not clear. US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has specified Paracetamol as a category C drug which indicates that animal studies show an adverse effect on the fetus but there are no teratogenic studies of Paracetamol in pregnant women. Paracetamol is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) which comes under the subclass of para-aminophenol derivatives. It is used for fever, cold, ear pain, joint pain, headache, and febrility.
    
    A study published in 2016 in the journal of clinical Psychiatry suggested that Paracetamol may be responsible for the increased risk of attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) when used during pregnancy. Experimental studies in animals and cohort studies in humans indicated that there was no shown risk of congenital malformations with paracetamol use during pregnancy.
    
    Women taking Sore throat medicine are advised to notify their gynaecologist if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy or are breastfeeding an infant.
    
    References
    1. Wikipedia Paracetamol URL: Accessed January 22, 2018
    2. Andrade C. Use of acetaminophen (paracetamol) during pregnancy and the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the offspring. J Clin Psychiatry. 2016;77(3):e312-4 URL: Accessed January 22, 2018
    3. Kenealy T. Sore throat. BMJ Clin Evid. 2007;2007 URL: Accessed January 22, 2018
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    Sore throat more likely happens after upper endoscopy than after colonoscopy. Upper endoscopy is the procedure to view the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines through a thin flexible tube inserted through the mouth. Since the tube is inserted through the mouth, it may cause sore throat after the procedure. Colonoscopy is the procedure to view the lining of the large intestine, colon, and rectum through a flexible tube inserted through the rectum.
    
    Reference
    1) Understanding upper endoscopy and colonoscopy. URL: . Accessed January 1, 2018.
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    Demographic Information - Sore Throat

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Sore Throat. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    Gender
    16 out of 22 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Female6
    Male16
    Other0
    Participants: 22
    Age
    The most common user is 21-30 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 215
    21-3011
    30-406
    40-501
    50+3
    Participants: 26
    Marital Status
    Users most commonly report that they are 'Single, never married'.
    Users Percentile
    Single, never married2
    Married or domestic partnership2
    Participants: 4
    Disease
    Users most commonly suffer from Other.
    Users Percentile
    Asthma3
    Back pain3
    Insomnia3
    Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)2
    Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)1
    Angina1
    Other4
    Participants: 17
    Body Weight
    5 out of 20 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Overweight5
    Not overweight15
    Participants: 20
    Smoking Habit
    23 out of 30 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Smoke7
    Do not smoke23
    Participants: 30
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
    Users Percentile
    Never17
    One drink a day1
    Two drinks a day0
    More than two drinks a day1
    Once a week0
    Twice a week0
    Once a month4
    Participants: 23
    Well-being
    7 out of 23 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months7
    No significant pain in the last 3 months16
    Participants: 23
    Profession
    Engineer, IT or Software is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Engineer, IT or Software5
    Student4
    Doctor2
    Marketing2
    Accountant2
    Banker2
    Other8
    Participants: 23
    Routine Health Check-ups
    2 out of 3 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations2
    No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
    Participants: 3
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    'I am not able to afford the payment' is the most commonly reported reason for not receiving routine health checkups.
    Users Percentile
    I am not able to afford the payment1
    Participants: 1
    Medication
    0 out of 3 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis0
    No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis3
    Participants: 3
    Immunization
    2 out of 4 users report that they are have received immunization.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, received immunization2
    No, not received immunization2
    Participants: 4
    Supplements
    0 out of 2 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking supplements0
    No, not taking supplements2
    Participants: 2
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise once a week.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week11
    Twice a week2
    Five times a week1
    Everyday3
    Never3
    Participants: 20
    Exercise Duration
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Like Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Difficulties in Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fruits and Vegetables
    Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables '1-3 times per month'.
    Users Percentile
    1-3 times per month2
    1-3 times per week1
    Everyday1
    Participants: 4
    Healthy Food Choices
    Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Always'.
    Users Percentile
    Always1
    Sometimes1
    Participants: 2
    Eating Out
    Users most commonly report to eat out '1-3 times per week'.
    Users Percentile
    1-3 times per week2
    Every other day1
    Everyday1
    Participants: 4
    Fast Food Frequency
    Users most commonly report that they eat fast food '1-3 times per week'.
    Users Percentile
    1-3 times per week2
    Everyday1
    Participants: 3
    Special Diet
    1 out of 3 users report that they are on a special diet.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, on a special diet1
    No, not on a special diet2
    Participants: 3
    Housing Type
    Users most commonly report that they live in a 'House'.
    Users Percentile
    House1
    Participants: 1
    Own Home
    2 out of 3 users report that they own a home.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, own a home2
    No, do not own a home1
    Participants: 3
    Non-emergency Visits
    Users most commonly report that they go to 'Hospital' for their non-emergency health issues.
    Users Percentile
    Hospital1
    Dispensary1
    Doctor's Clinic1
    Participants: 3
    Medicine Source
    Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
    Users Percentile
    Local pharmacy2
    Online1
    Participants: 3

    References

    1. Mayo Clinic Sore throat - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. CDC Pharyngitis (Strep Throat) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. CDC Sore Throat - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. MAYO CLINIC Sore throat - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Wikipedia Sore throat - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/14/2018.
    This page provides information for Sore Throat in English.

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