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Parasitic Diseases

अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Parasites are living things that use other living things - like your body - for food and a place to live. You can get them from contaminated food or water, a bug bite, or sexual contact. Some parasitic diseases are easily treated and some are not.

Parasites range in size from tiny, one-celled organisms called protozoa to worms that can be seen with the naked eye. Some parasitic diseases occur in the United States. Contaminated water supplies can lead to Giardia infections. Cats can transmit toxoplasmosis, which is dangerous for pregnant women. Others, like malaria, are common in other parts of the world.

If you are traveling, it's important to drink only water you know is safe. Prevention is especially important. There are no vaccines for parasitic diseases. Some medicines are available to treat parasitic infections.

Symptoms of Parasitic Diseases

The following features are indicative of Parasitic Diseases:
  • moderate to severe shaking chills
  • high fever
  • sweating
  • headache
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • foul-smelling diarrhea
  • fatigue
  • abdominal cramps
  • bloating
  • gas
  • nausea
  • weight loss
It is possible that Parasitic Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1, 2, 3

Common Causes of Parasitic Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Parasitic Diseases:
  • uninfected mosquito
  • transmission of parasite in the liver or into the bloodstream
  • swallowing contaminated water
  • eating contaminated food
References: 1, 4

Other Causes of Parasitic Diseases

The following are the less common causes of Parasitic Diseases:
  • from mother to unborn child
  • through blood transfusions
  • by sharing needles used to inject drugs
References: 1, 4

Risk Factors of Parasitic Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Parasitic Diseases:
  • travelers coming from areas with no malaria
  • people without access to safe drinking water
  • anal sex

Prevention of Parasitic Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Parasitic Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • limiting exposure to mosquitoes
  • spraying your home with insecticide
  • covering the skin
  • sleeping under a net
  • wash the hands properly
  • avoid drinking untreated water
  • use bottled water
  • avoid oral-anal sex
References: 1, 5

Occurrence of Parasitic Diseases

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Parasitic Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Parasitic Diseases most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Parasitic Diseases most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 3, 6, 7

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Parasitic Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Parasitic Diseases:
  • Blood tests: To detect the presence of the parasite
  • Stool test: To examine the presence of parasites
References: 1, 8

Doctor for Diagnosis of Parasitic Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Parasitic Diseases:
  • Infectious disease specialist
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Parasitic Diseases if Untreated

Yes, Parasitic Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Parasitic Diseases is left untreated:
  • cerebral malaria
  • breathing problems
  • organ failure
  • anemia
  • low blood sugar
  • dehydration
  • failure to thrive
  • lactose intolerance
References: 1, 9

Self-care for Parasitic Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Parasitic Diseases:
  • limiting exposure to mosquitoes
  • spraying your home with insecticide
  • covering your skin
  • sleeping under a net
References: 1

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Parasitic Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Parasitic Diseases:
  • Traditional herbal medicines: Helps in treating the malaria and shows the adequate clinical response
References: 10

Patient Support for Treatment of Parasitic Diseases

The following actions may help Parasitic Diseases patients:
  • Health education strategies: Raises the awareness of malaria and provides the importance of control measures
  • Community participation: Lowers the incidence of malaria in some areas of the developing world
References: 11

Time for Treatment of Parasitic Diseases

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Parasitic Diseases to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks
References: 12

Is Parasitic Diseases Infectious?

Yes, Parasitic Diseases is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • through blood transfusions
  • by sharing needles used to inject drugs
  • from mother to unborn child
  • by food sharing
  • contact with infected blood
References: 1, 13, 14

Questions - Parasitic Diseases

No questions have been asked.

Demographic Information - Parasitic Diseases

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Parasitic Diseases. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
2 out of 3 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female1
Male2
Other0
Participants: 3
Age
The most common user is 50+ years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-301
30-400
40-501
50+3
Participants: 5
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from High cholesterol.
Users Percentile
High cholesterol1
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)1
Diabetes1
Participants: 3
Body Weight
0 out of 2 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight0
Not overweight2
Participants: 2
Smoking Habit
1 out of 2 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke1
Do not smoke1
Participants: 2
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never2
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 2
Well-being
1 out of 3 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months1
No significant pain in the last 3 months2
Participants: 3
Profession
Government service is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Government service1
Other1
Participants: 1
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week2
Twice a week0
Five times a week0
Everyday1
Participants: 3
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MAYO CLINIC Malaria - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Giardia infection (giardiasis) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Giardia Intestinalis - Guidelines for Prevention and Control for Local Public Health Agencies - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Giardia infection (giardiasis) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Giant cell arteritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. WHO Malaria - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. CDC Parasites - Giardia Sources of Infection & Risk Factors - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Giant cell arteritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Giant cell arteritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. Willcox ML, Bodeker G. Traditional herbal medicines for malaria. BMJ. 2):1156-9 - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  11. Wikipedia Malaria - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  12. CDC Malaria - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  13. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Giardia infection (giardiasis) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  14. CDC Parasites - Giardia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  15. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/09/2017.
This page provides information for Parasitic Diseases in English.

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