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    Pancreatic Diseases

    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    The pancreas is a gland behind your stomach and in front of your spine. It produces juices that help break down food and hormones that help control blood sugar levels. Problems with the pancreas can lead to many health problems. These include

    • Pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas: This happens when digestive enzymes start digesting the pancreas itself
    • Pancreatic cancer
    • Cystic fibrosis, a genetic disorder in which thick, sticky mucus can also block tubes in your pancreas

    The pancreas also plays a role in diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas no longer make insulin because the body's immune system has attacked them. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals.

    Symptoms of Pancreatic Diseases

    The following features are indicative of Pancreatic Diseases:
    • increased thirst and urination
    • increased hunger
    • blurred vision
    • numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
    • sores that do not heal
    • upper abdomen pain
    • abdominal pain that radiates to back
    • abdominal pain that feels worse after eating
    • fever
    • rapid pulse
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • tenderness when touching the abdomen
    • steatorrhea
    • loss of appetite
    • unintended weight loss
    • depression
    • blood clots
    • fatigue
    • yellowing of skin and the whites of eyes
    • dark urine and clay-colored stools
    • diarrhea
    • fatigue
    It is possible that Pancreatic Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

    Common Causes of Pancreatic Diseases

    The following are the most common causes of Pancreatic Diseases:
    • smoking
    • obesity
    • diabetes
    • long-term exposure to certain chemicals
    • long-term inflammation of the pancreas
    • alcohol use
    • family history of diabetes
    • physical inactivity
    • high blood pressure
    References: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

    Other Causes of Pancreatic Diseases

    The following are the less common causes of Pancreatic Diseases:
    • gallstones
    • abdominal surgery
    • smoking
    • cystic fibrosis
    • family history
    • hypercalcemia
    • hypertriglyceridemia
    • infection
    • injury to the abdomen
    • pancreatic cancer
    • cushing’s syndrome
    • acromegaly
    • hyperthyroidism
    • trauma
    • pancreatitis
    References: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

    Risk Factors of Pancreatic Diseases

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pancreatic Diseases:
    • diabetes
    • pancreatitis
    • family history of genetic syndromes
    • family history of pancreatic cancer
    • smoking
    • obesity
    • older age
    • alcohol consumption
    • age 45 or older
    • family history of diabetes
    • high blood pressure
    • low level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol
    • history of gestational diabetes
    • history of heart disease
    • depression
    • polycystic ovary syndrome
    • acanthosis nigricans

    Prevention of Pancreatic Diseases

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pancreatic Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • quit smoking
    • having diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
    • exercise regularly
    References: 4, 7, 8

    Occurrence of Pancreatic Diseases

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Pancreatic Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Pancreatic Diseases most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Pancreatic Diseases most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 3, 6, 9, 10

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pancreatic Diseases

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pancreatic Diseases:
    • Biopsy: For examination under a microscope
    • Blood test: To test blood for specific proteins (tumor markers) shed by pancreatic cancer cells, to measure blood glucose levels and to look for elevated levels of pancreatic enzymes
    • Stool tests: To measure levels of fat
    • Computerized tomography (CT) scan: To look for gallstones and assess the extent of pancreas inflammation
    • Abdominal ultrasound: To look for gallstones and pancreas inflammation
    • Endoscopic ultrasound: To look for inflammation and blockages in the pancreatic duct or bile duct
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To look for abnormalities in the gallbladder, pancreas and ducts
    • Fasting plasma glucose test: To measure the blood glucose level at a single point in time
    • A1C test: To measure the average levels of blood glucose over the past 3 months
    • Random plasma glucose test: To diagnose the diabetes without fasting
    References: 9, 11, 12, 13, 14

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Pancreatic Diseases

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pancreatic Diseases:
    • Oncologist
    • Gastroenterologist
    • General surgeon
    • Endocrinologist
    • Dietician
    • Dentist
    • Ophthalmologist
    • Podiatrist

    Complications of Pancreatic Diseases if Untreated

    Yes, Pancreatic Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pancreatic Diseases is left untreated:
    • jaundice
    • weight loss
    • pain
    • bowel obstruction
    • pseudocyst
    • bacterial infection
    • kidney failure
    • breathing problems
    • malnutrition
    • heart disease
    • stroke
    • eye problems
    • dental disease
    • nerve damage
    • foot problems
    References: 1, 2, 6

    Procedures for Treatment of Pancreatic Diseases

    The following procedures are used to treat Pancreatic Diseases:
    • Pancreaticoduodenectomy: To remove tumor in the pancreatic head
    • Distal pancreatectomy: To remove the left side (body and tail) of the pancreas
    • Total pancreatectomy: To remove the entire pancreas
    • Surgery: To remove tumors affecting nearby blood vessels
    • Chemotherapy: To help kill cancer cells
    • Radiation therapy: To treat pancreatic cancer
    • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): Helps diagnosing problems in the bile duct and pancreatic duct
    • Cholecystectomy: To remove gallbladder
    • Pancreas surgery: To drain fluid from pancreas or to remove diseased tissue
    References: 15, 16

    Self-care for Pancreatic Diseases

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pancreatic Diseases:
    • Quit smoking: Helps relieving symptoms
    • Healthy diet: Helps reducing risk of cancer
    • Maintain a healthy weight: To reduce cancer risk
    References: 17

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Pancreatic Diseases

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Pancreatic Diseases:
    • Art therapy: Helps reducing distress
    • Exercise: Helps to cope up with distress
    • Meditation: Helps reducing distress
    • Music therapy: Helps to cope up with distress
    • Relaxation exercises: Helps reducing distress
    References: 15

    Patient Support for Treatment of Pancreatic Diseases

    The following actions may help Pancreatic Diseases patients:
    • Hospice care system: Provides comfort and support to terminally ill people
    • Connect with other cancer survivors: Makes patient feel comfortable
    • Talk with a counselor: Helps coping with the disease
    • Education: Helps patient learn enough about cancer
    References: 17

    Questions - Pancreatic Diseases

    Demographic Information - Pancreatic Diseases

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Pancreatic Diseases. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    Gender
    2 out of 2 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Female0
    Male2
    Other0
    Participants: 2
    Age
    The most common user is 21-30 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 210
    21-302
    30-400
    40-500
    50+0
    Participants: 2
    Marital Status
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Disease
    Users most commonly suffer from Back pain.
    Users Percentile
    Back pain1
    Participants: 1
    Body Weight
    0 out of 2 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Overweight0
    Not overweight2
    Participants: 2
    Smoking Habit
    3 out of 3 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Smoke0
    Do not smoke3
    Participants: 3
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
    Users Percentile
    Never1
    One drink a day0
    Two drinks a day0
    More than two drinks a day1
    Once a week0
    Twice a week0
    Once a month0
    Participants: 2
    Well-being
    1 out of 2 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months1
    No significant pain in the last 3 months1
    Participants: 2
    Profession
    Shop keeper is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Shop keeper1
    Family business1
    Participants: 2
    Routine Health Check-ups
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Medication
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Immunization
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Supplements
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise once a week.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week1
    Twice a week0
    Five times a week1
    Everyday0
    Participants: 2
    Exercise Duration
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Like Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Difficulties in Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fruits and Vegetables
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Healthy Food Choices
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Eating Out
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fast Food Frequency
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Special Diet
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Housing Type
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Own Home
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Non-emergency Visits
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Medicine Source
    No data has been collected for this survey

    References

    1. Mayo Clinic Pancreatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Mayo Clinic Pancreatic cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Wikipedia Pancreatic cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Medline Plus Pancreatic cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. NIH Symptoms & Causes of Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. NIH Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. NIH Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. NIH Acute Pancreatitis: Prevention - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Wikipedia Pancreatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. American Diabetes Association Global Prevalence of Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. Mayo Clinic Pancreatic cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    12. Wikipedia Pancreatic cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    13. NIH Diabetes Tests & Diagnosis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    14. NIH Managing Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    15. Mayo Clinic Pancreatic cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    16. Mayo Clinic Pancreatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    17. Mayo Clinic Pancreatic cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    18. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 1/01/2018.
    This page provides information for Pancreatic Diseases in English.

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