Also called: Degenerative joint disease, OA, Osteoarthrosis
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It causes pain, swelling, and reduced motion in your joints. It can occur in any joint, but usually it affects your hands, knees, hips or spine.

Osteoarthritis breaks down the cartilage in your joints. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement. When you lose cartilage, your bones rub together. Over time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.

Risk factors for osteoarthritis include

  • Being overweight
  • Getting older
  • Injuring a joint

No single test can diagnose osteoarthritis. Most doctors use several methods, including medical history, a physical exam, x-rays, or lab tests.

Treatments include exercise, medicines, and sometimes surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

The following features are indicative of Osteoarthritis:
  • joint pain
  • tenderness
  • joint stiffness
  • loss of flexibility
  • grating sensation
  • bone spurs
It is possible that Osteoarthritis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1, 2

Common Causes of Osteoarthritis

The following are the most common causes of Osteoarthritis:
  • deteriorated cartilage
  • previous joint injury
  • abnormal joint or limb development
  • inherited factors
References: 2, 3

Risk Factors of Osteoarthritis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Osteoarthritis:
  • older age
  • sex
  • obesity
  • genetics
  • bone deformities
  • certain occupations
  • joint injuries

Prevention of Osteoarthritis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Osteoarthritis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • maintain healthy body weight
  • by regular doing exercise
References: 4

Occurrence of Osteoarthritis

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Osteoarthritis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Osteoarthritis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Osteoarthritis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 3

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Osteoarthritis:
  • X-rays: To view bone spurs around a joint
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To obtain the detailed images of bone and soft tissues
  • Blood tests: To evaluate the causes of joint pain
  • Joint fluid analysis: To determine the inflammation and pain in your joints
  • Physical examination: To examine the affected joint
References: 5

Doctor for Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Osteoarthritis:
  • Rheumatologist
  • Orthopedic surgeons

Complications of Osteoarthritis if Untreated

Yes, Osteoarthritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Osteoarthritis is left untreated:
  • severe joint pain and stiffness
References: 2

Procedures for Treatment of Osteoarthritis

The following procedures are used to treat Osteoarthritis:
  • Joint replacement surgery: Replaces the damaged joint surfaces with plastic and metal parts
  • Osteotomy: Cuts are made across the bone either above or below the knee to removes or adds a wedge of bone
  • Injections of hyaluronic acid: Provides relief from pain
References: 5

Self-care for Osteoarthritis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Osteoarthritis:
  • Physical therapy: Strengthen the muscles around your joint, raises your range of motion and lowers the pain
  • Occupational therapy: Relieves the pain
  • Tai chi and yoga: Lowers the stress and reduces the osteoarthritis pain and improve movements
References: 5

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Osteoarthritis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Osteoarthritis:
  • Acupuncture: Relieves pain and improve function in people who have knee osteoarthritis
  • Glucosamine and chondroitin: Beneficial for people with osteoarthritis
  • Avocado-soybean unsaponifiables: Prevents joint damage
References: 5

Patient Support for Treatment of Osteoarthritis

The following actions may help Osteoarthritis patients:
  • Talk to your doctor: Provides you the ideas about how to cope with the disease and can refer you to someone who can help
References: 6

Time for Treatment of Osteoarthritis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Osteoarthritis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year
References: 3

Related Topics - Osteoarthritis

Questions - Osteoarthritis

News and Updates

Latest news and updates related to Osteoarthritis. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

Friday, January 12, 2018 -- Unilateral and bilateral knee pain may be associated with development of prefrailty and frailty over 6 years.

Thursday, January 04, 2018 -- FDA has branded one of medical food specialist Primus Pharmaceuticalsâ products as an unapproved drug and has stipulated a recall based on what it called âlife threateningâ safety concerns.

Wednesday, January 03, 2018 -- Frailty is a common condition in the elderly with many adverse health outcomes. A new study assessed whether an increased intake of dietary magnesium could prevent frailty in the elderly with knee osteoarthritis.   Frailty is a common condition defined as increased vulnerability to stress. Frailty is associated with ageing and affects approximately 10% of […] The post Can Magnesium Prevent Frailty in Knee Osteoarthritis? appeared first on Medical News Bulletin | Health News and Medical Research.

Wednesday, January 03, 2018 -- Centrexion Therapeutics has secured $67m funding to launch phase 3 progam of CNTX-4975 therapy for the treatment of chronic pain due to knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Wednesday, December 27, 2017 -- by Esha Das Gupta, Wei Ren Ng, Shew Fung Wong, Abdul Kareem Bhurhanudeen, Swan Sim Yeap

Demographic Information - Osteoarthritis

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Osteoarthritis. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
39 out of 57 users are male.
Users Percentile
Participants: 57
The most common user is 50+ years old.
Users Percentile
< 211
Participants: 69
Marital Status
Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
Users Percentile
Married or domestic partnership2
Participants: 2
Users most commonly suffer from Other.
Users Percentile
Back pain9
Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)6
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)3
Participants: 42
Body Weight
29 out of 65 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Not overweight36
Participants: 65
Smoking Habit
55 out of 66 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Do not smoke55
Participants: 66
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
One drink a day4
Two drinks a day3
More than two drinks a day2
Once a week3
Twice a week1
Once a month9
Participants: 57
51 out of 66 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months51
No significant pain in the last 3 months15
Participants: 66
Retired is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Engineer, IT or Software5
Government service5
House Maker4
Participants: 45
Routine Health Check-ups
0 out of 1 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
Users Percentile
Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations0
No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
Participants: 1
Missed Health Checkup Reason
'I am healthy and do not need routine health check-ups' is the most commonly reported reason for not receiving routine health checkups.
Users Percentile
I am healthy and do not need routine health check-ups1
Participants: 1
0 out of 1 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
Users Percentile
Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis0
No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis1
Participants: 1
0 out of 1 users report that they are have received immunization.
Users Percentile
Yes, received immunization0
No, not received immunization1
Participants: 1
0 out of 1 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
Users Percentile
Yes, taking supplements0
No, not taking supplements1
Participants: 1
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week24
Twice a week5
Five times a week3
Participants: 55
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables 'Everyday'.
Users Percentile
Participants: 1
Healthy Food Choices
Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Most of the time'.
Users Percentile
Most of the time1
Participants: 2
Eating Out
Users most commonly report to eat out 'Everyday'.
Users Percentile
Participants: 1
Fast Food Frequency
Users most commonly report that they eat fast food '1-3 times per month'.
Users Percentile
1-3 times per month1
Participants: 1
Special Diet
1 out of 1 users report that they are on a special diet.
Users Percentile
Yes, on a special diet1
No, not on a special diet0
Participants: 1
Housing Type
Users most commonly report that they live in a 'Apartment'.
Users Percentile
Participants: 1
Own Home
1 out of 1 users report that they own a home.
Users Percentile
Yes, own a home1
No, do not own a home0
Participants: 1
Non-emergency Visits
Users most commonly report that they go to 'Doctor's Clinic' for their non-emergency health issues.
Users Percentile
Doctor's Clinic1
Participants: 1
Medicine Source
Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
Users Percentile
Local pharmacy1
Participants: 1


  1. Heidari B. Knee osteoarthritis prevalence, risk factors, pathogenesis and features: Part I. Caspian J Intern Med. 2011;2(2):205-12 - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. MAYO CLINIC Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Wikipedia Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. MAYO CLINIC Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. MAYO CLINIC Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MAYO CLINIC Osteoarthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Source:

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This page was last updated on 1/12/2018.
This page provides information for Osteoarthritis in English.

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