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    Nausea and Vomiting

    Also called: Emesis
    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    Nausea is an uneasy or unsettled feeling in the stomach together with an urge to vomit. Nausea and vomiting, or throwing up, are not diseases. They can be symptoms of many different conditions. These include morning sickness during pregnancy, infections, migraine headaches, motion sickness, food poisoning, cancer chemotherapy or other medicines.

    For vomiting in children and adults, avoid solid foods until vomiting has stopped for at least six hours. Then work back to a normal diet. Drink small amounts of clear liquids to avoid dehydration.

    Nausea and vomiting are common. Usually, they are not serious. You should see a doctor immediately if you suspect poisoning or if you have

    • Vomited for longer than 24 hours
    • Blood in the vomit
    • Severe abdominal pain
    • Headache and stiff neck
    • Signs of dehydration, such as dry mouth, infrequent urination or dark urine

    Symptoms of Nausea and Vomiting

    The following features are indicative of Nausea and Vomiting:
    • dizziness
    • passing little or no urine
    • vomit is green
    • weight loss
    • episodes of vomiting frequently
    It is possible that Nausea and Vomiting shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Nausea and Vomiting

    The following are the most common causes of Nausea and Vomiting:
    • chemotherapy
    • gastroparesis
    • general anesthesia
    • intestinal obstruction
    • motion sickness
    References: 2

    Other Causes of Nausea and Vomiting

    The following are the less common causes of Nausea and Vomiting:
    • morning sickness
    • migraine
    • rotavirus
    • viral gastroenteritis
    • vestibular neuritis
    • hiatal hernia
    • heart failure
    • gallstones
    • fever
    References: 2

    Prevention of Nausea and Vomiting

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Nausea and Vomiting. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • stay hydrated
    • avoid strong odors and other triggers
    • Eat bland foods
    • use over-the-counter (OTC) motion sickness medicines
    References: 3

    Occurrence of Nausea and Vomiting

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Nausea and Vomiting cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Nausea and Vomiting most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Nausea and Vomiting most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 4

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Nausea and Vomiting

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Nausea and Vomiting:
    • Gastroenterologist

    Complications of Nausea and Vomiting if Untreated

    It is not know if Nausea and Vomiting causes complications if left untreated.

    Procedures for Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting

    The following procedures are used to treat Nausea and Vomiting:
    • Physical examination: To test the tenderness of the stomach
    • Complete blood count test: To test inflammatory process
    • Electrolytes Test: To test the consequences of nausea and vomiting
    • Radiographic testing: To know the concern about small bowel obstruction

    Self-care for Nausea and Vomiting

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Nausea and Vomiting:
    • KEITH SCORZA, AARON WILLIAMS, J. DANIEL PHILLIPS and JOEL SHAW Evaluation of Nausea and Vomiting URL: />
    References: 3

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Nausea and Vomiting:
    • Acupuncture: Relaxes the abdominal muscles
    • Eating ginger powdered root: Reduces urge to nausea and vomiting in pregnancy
    References: 5

    Is Nausea and Vomiting Infectious?

    Yes, Nausea and Vomiting is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
    • infection caused nausea and vomiting spread by contact with infected individual
    References: 1

    Related Topics - Nausea and Vomiting

    Questions - Nausea and Vomiting

    Antiemetic agents that belong to the class dopamine D2 antagonist and other classes are helpful in pregnancy. Metoclopramide, Ondansetron and Prochlorperazine are the drugs which can be helpful to cure nausea and vomiting. It antagonizes dopamine-mediated relaxation effect on gastrointestinal smooth muscle and leads to an increase of gastric emptying into the intestines. The drug antagonizes dopamine receptors in chemoreceptive trigger zone (CTZ) of the medulla, thereby preventing nausea and vomiting.
    
    FDA has put antiemetics at Pregnancy Risk Category B which means there is no evidence of risk in humans. Well-controlled and adequate studies in pregnant women have not shown an increased risk of fetal abnormalities. The chance of fetal harm is rare but remains a possibility.
    
    Women taking Antiemetic agents are advised to notify their gynaecologist if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy or are breastfeeding an infant.
    
    References
    1. PubChem Metoclopramide URL: Accessed January 19, 2018
    2. DailyMed ONDANSETRON - ondansetron hydrochloride injection URL: Accessed January 19, 2018
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    Demographic Information - Nausea and Vomiting

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Nausea and Vomiting. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    Gender
    43 out of 64 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Female20
    Male43
    Other1
    Participants: 64
    Age
    The most common user is 21-30 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 2116
    21-3021
    30-4010
    40-502
    50+11
    Participants: 60
    Marital Status
    Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
    Users Percentile
    Married or domestic partnership3
    Participants: 3
    Disease
    Users most commonly suffer from Back pain.
    Users Percentile
    Back pain13
    High blood pressure6
    Asthma3
    Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)3
    Depression2
    Angina2
    Other3
    Participants: 32
    Body Weight
    21 out of 58 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Overweight21
    Not overweight37
    Participants: 58
    Smoking Habit
    54 out of 71 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Smoke17
    Do not smoke54
    Participants: 71
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
    Users Percentile
    Never41
    One drink a day3
    Two drinks a day2
    More than two drinks a day5
    Once a week3
    Twice a week2
    Once a month7
    Participants: 63
    Well-being
    28 out of 59 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months28
    No significant pain in the last 3 months31
    Participants: 59
    Profession
    Student is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Student12
    Doctor5
    Engineer, IT or Software4
    Retired3
    Accountant3
    Lawyer2
    Other26
    Participants: 45
    Routine Health Check-ups
    3 out of 3 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations3
    No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations0
    Participants: 3
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Medication
    2 out of 4 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis2
    No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis2
    Participants: 4
    Immunization
    1 out of 3 users report that they are have received immunization.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, received immunization1
    No, not received immunization2
    Participants: 3
    Supplements
    0 out of 3 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking supplements0
    No, not taking supplements3
    Participants: 3
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise once a week.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week28
    Twice a week3
    Five times a week10
    Everyday10
    Never0
    Participants: 51
    Exercise Duration
    Users most commonly report that they exercise 'Less than 1 hour' each time.
    Users Percentile
    Less than 1 hour2
    Participants: 2
    Like Exercising
    Users most commonly report that they enjoy exercising 'Sometimes'.
    Users Percentile
    Sometimes2
    Participants: 2
    Difficulties in Exercising
    'Being consistent with workout schedule' is the most commonly reported difficulty in achieving fitness.
    Users Percentile
    Being consistent with workout schedule2
    Participants: 2
    Fruits and Vegetables
    Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables 'Everyday'.
    Users Percentile
    Everyday1
    Participants: 1
    Healthy Food Choices
    Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Sometimes'.
    Users Percentile
    Sometimes1
    Participants: 1
    Eating Out
    Users most commonly report to eat out '1-3 times per week'.
    Users Percentile
    1-3 times per week1
    Everyday1
    Participants: 2
    Fast Food Frequency
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Special Diet
    2 out of 3 users report that they are on a special diet.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, on a special diet2
    No, not on a special diet1
    Participants: 3
    Housing Type
    Users most commonly report that they live in a 'Duplex'.
    Users Percentile
    Duplex1
    House1
    Apartment1
    Participants: 3
    Own Home
    3 out of 3 users report that they own a home.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, own a home3
    No, do not own a home0
    Participants: 3
    Non-emergency Visits
    Users most commonly report that they go to 'Doctor's Clinic' for their non-emergency health issues.
    Users Percentile
    Doctor's Clinic2
    Participants: 2
    Medicine Source
    Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
    Users Percentile
    Local pharmacy2
    Doctor's office1
    Participants: 3

    References

    1. NHS Nausea and vomiting - adults - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Mayo Clinic Nausea and vomiting - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Mayo Clinic Nausea and vomiting - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Einarson TR, Piwko C, Koren G. Quantifying the global rates of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: a meta analysis. J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2013;20(2):e171-83. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. KEITH SCORZA, AARON WILLIAMS, J. DANIEL PHILLIPS and JOEL SHAW Evaluation of Nausea and Vomiting - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/15/2018.
    This page provides information for Nausea and Vomiting in English.

    Related Topics - Nausea and Vomiting

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