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Mycobacterial Infections

अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Mycobacteria are a type of germ. There are many different kinds. The most common one causes tuberculosis. Another one causes leprosy. Still others cause infections that are called atypical mycobacterial infections. They aren't "typical" because they don't cause tuberculosis. But they can still harm people, especially people with other problems that affect their immunity, such as AIDS.

Sometimes you can have these infections with no symptoms at all. At other times, they can cause lung symptoms similar to tuberculosis:

  • Cough
  • Weight loss
  • Coughing up blood or mucus
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Fever and chills
  • Night sweats
  • Lack of appetite and weight loss

Medicines can treat these infections, but often more than one is needed to cure the infection.

Symptoms of Mycobacterial Infections

The following features are indicative of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • cough
  • weight loss
  • coughing up blood or mucus
  • weakness or fatigue
  • fever and chills
  • night sweats
  • lack of appetite and weight loss
It is possible that Mycobacterial Infections shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1

Common Causes of Mycobacterial Infections

The following are the most common causes of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • mycobacterium species
  • weak immune system
  • other lung diseases
  • exposure to environmental sources
References: 1, 2

Risk Factors of Mycobacterial Infections

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • age
  • esophageal disorders
  • environment
  • weak immune system
  • Slender Caucasian women
  • lung disease

Prevention of Mycobacterial Infections

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Mycobacterial Infections. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • preventing environmental exposure to tap water and soil
  • use of specialized filtration systems in household plumbing
References: 3

Occurrence of Mycobacterial Infections

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Mycobacterial Infections cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Mycobacterial Infections most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Mycobacterial Infections most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 2

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Mycobacterial Infections

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Chest X-ray: To detect the presence of nontuberculous mycobacteria
  • Computed tomography scan: To determine the presence of small nodules and confirm the nontuberculous mycobacterial
  • Sputum culture: To diagnose the mycobacterial infections
References: 2

Doctor for Diagnosis of Mycobacterial Infections

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Primary care provider
  • Lung specialist

Complications of Mycobacterial Infections if Untreated

Yes, Mycobacterial Infections causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Mycobacterial Infections is left untreated:
  • chronic cough
  • depression
  • anxiety
References: 2

Procedures for Treatment of Mycobacterial Infections

The following procedures are used to treat Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Surgery: To eliminate the most damaged areas of the lung
References: 2

Self-care for Mycobacterial Infections

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Nutritional intake: Maintains the bodyweight
  • Exercise: Improves the feeling of fatigue
References: 2

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Mycobacterial Infections

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Nebulized hypertonic saline: To remove the mucus from the lungs from affected individuals
  • High frequency chest wall oscillation: A device that is used for loosen mucus in the airways
References: 3

Patient Support for Treatment of Mycobacterial Infections

The following actions may help Mycobacterial Infections patients:
  • Communication: By communicating with your provider and family makes you feel comfortable
  • Join Living with Lung Disease Support Community: Helps in connecting with others facing this disease
References: 2

Time for Treatment of Mycobacterial Infections

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Mycobacterial Infections to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year
References: 2

Related Topics - Mycobacterial Infections

Questions - Mycobacterial Infections

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Demographic Information - Mycobacterial Infections

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Mycobacterial Infections. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
3 out of 3 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female0
Male3
Other0
Participants: 3
Age
The most common user is 50+ years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-301
30-400
40-501
50+2
Participants: 4
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Angina.
Users Percentile
Angina1
COPD, chronic bronchitis, or emphysema1
Other heart disease1
Participants: 3
Body Weight
0 out of 1 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight0
Not overweight1
Participants: 1
Smoking Habit
2 out of 2 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke0
Do not smoke2
Participants: 2
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never1
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month1
Participants: 2
Well-being
2 out of 2 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months2
No significant pain in the last 3 months0
Participants: 2
Profession
Retired is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Retired1
Other1
Participants: 1
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise everyday.
Users Percentile
Once a week1
Twice a week0
Five times a week0
Everyday2
Participants: 3
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MedlinePlus Mycobacterial Infections - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. American Lung Association NTM Symptoms, Causes & Risk Factors - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. National Organization for Rare Disorders Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/11/2018.
This page provides information for Mycobacterial Infections in English.

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