Also called: Menses, Menstrual period, Period
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Menstruation, or period, is normal vaginal bleeding that occurs as part of a woman's monthly cycle. Every month, your body prepares for pregnancy. If no pregnancy occurs, the uterus, or womb, sheds its lining. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from inside the uterus. It passes out of the body through the vagina.

Periods usually start between age 11 and 14 and continue until menopause at about age 51. They usually last from three to five days. Besides bleeding from the vagina, you may have

Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, is a group of symptoms that start before the period. It can include emotional and physical symptoms.

Consult your health care provider if you have big changes in your cycle. They may be signs of other problems that should be treated.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Symptoms of Menstruation

The following features are indicative of Menstruation:
  • abdominal or pelvic cramping pain
  • lower back pain
  • bloating and sore breasts
  • food cravings
  • mood swings
  • irritability
  • headache
  • fatigue
  • premenstrual syndrome
It is possible that Menstruation shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1

Common Causes of Menstruation

The following are the most common causes of Menstruation:
  • rise and fall of hormones
  • thickening of the lining of the uterus
  • growth of an egg
  • breakage of endometrial lining
References: 2

Prevention of Menstruation

No, it is not possible to prevent Menstruation.
  • natural factors
References: 2

Occurrence of Menstruation

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Menstruation cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Menstruation most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 12-52 years

Common Gender

Menstruation most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female
References: 2

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Menstruation

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Menstruation:
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) test: To diagnose various menstruation related disorders
  • Estrogen level tests: To diagnose various menstruation related disorders
  • Endometrial biopsy: To diagnose menstrual irregularities
  • Hysteroscopy: To examine the inside of the uterus
  • Saline infusion sonohysterography: To diagnose menstrual irregularities
  • Transvaginal ultrasonography: Ultrasound imaging to diagnose menstrual irregularities
References: 1, 2, 3

Doctor for Diagnosis of Menstruation

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Menstruation:
  • Gynecologist

Complications of Menstruation if Untreated

It is not know if Menstruation causes complications if left untreated.

Self-care for Menstruation

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Menstruation:
  • Heating pad: Apply heating pad to lower belly area to relieve menstrual pain
  • Diet: Eat light but frequent meals
  • Exercise: Walk or exercise regularly
  • Obesity: Lose weight if you are overweight
References: 4

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Menstruation

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Menstruation:
  • Meditation: Helps relaxing and relieves stress
  • Yoga: Helps relieving pain
  • Acupuncture: Helps relieving menstrual cramps
  • Acupressure: Helps relieving menstrual cramps
References: 5, 6

Patient Support for Treatment of Menstruation

The following actions may help Menstruation patients:
  • Talk early and often: Talk to your daughter about the changes she can expect in her body
References: 7

Questions - Menstruation

I want to delay/postpone my period by 7 or 10 days. Which medicine should I take?
Before I answer your question, I would like to say that I have a background in Pharmaceutical chemistry and I am not a doctor. To be absolutely sure, please consult a gynecologist.

Primolut N or Norethisterone is a prescription-only pill that helps to delay your periods. Both drugs contain the same active ingredient norethisterone. You start to take it three days before your period is due, and can then continue to take it for a maximum of 20 days. You will get your period two to three days after you stop taking Norethisterone.

However, not all women are suitable to use Primolut N or Norethisterone. It is only suitable for women over the age of 16 that do not take contraceptive pills or use hormonal contraception.

Consult a gynecologist, to be absolutely sure.
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Demographic Information - Menstruation

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Menstruation. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
83 out of 110 users are female.
Users Percentile
Participants: 110
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
Users Percentile
< 2133
Participants: 117
Marital Status
Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
Users Percentile
Married or domestic partnership3
Single, never married1
Participants: 4
Users most commonly suffer from Back pain.
Users Percentile
Back pain13
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)5
High blood pressure2
Participants: 42
Body Weight
37 out of 102 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Not overweight65
Participants: 102
Smoking Habit
77 out of 97 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Do not smoke77
Participants: 97
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
One drink a day4
Two drinks a day1
More than two drinks a day4
Once a week5
Twice a week4
Once a month18
Participants: 86
46 out of 95 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months46
No significant pain in the last 3 months49
Participants: 95
Student is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
House Maker15
Engineer, IT or Software10
Government service3
Participants: 72
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
No data has been collected for this survey
No data has been collected for this survey
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week50
Twice a week8
Five times a week9
Participants: 81
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables '1-3 times per month'.
Users Percentile
1-3 times per month1
Participants: 1
Healthy Food Choices
Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Always'.
Users Percentile
Participants: 2
Eating Out
Users most commonly report to eat out 'Every other day'.
Users Percentile
Every other day1
Participants: 1
Fast Food Frequency
Users most commonly report that they eat fast food '1-3 times per week'.
Users Percentile
1-3 times per week2
Participants: 2
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
Users most commonly report that they live in a 'House'.
Users Percentile
Participants: 1
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
Users Percentile
Local pharmacy1
Participants: 1


  1. Medline Plus Menstruation - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. Wikipedia Menstruation - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. NIH How do health care providers diagnose menstrual irregularities? - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Medlineplus Painful menstrual periods - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Medline Plus Painful menstrual periods - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. Mayo Clinic Menstrual cramps - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Mayo Clinic Tween and teen health - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/16/2018.
This page provides information for Menstruation in English.

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