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Lung Diseases

अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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When you breathe, your lungs take in oxygen from the air and deliver it to the bloodstream. The cells in your body need oxygen to work and grow. During a normal day, you breathe nearly 25,000 times. People with lung disease have difficulty breathing. Millions of people in the U.S. have lung disease. If all types of lung disease are lumped together, it is the number three killer in the United States.

The term lung disease refers to many disorders affecting the lungs, such as asthma, COPD, infections like influenza, pneumonia and tuberculosis, lung cancer, and many other breathing problems. Some lung diseases can lead to respiratory failure.

Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health

Symptoms of Lung Diseases

The following features are indicative of Lung Diseases:
  • difficulty in breathing
  • wheezing
  • coughing
  • chest tightness
  • shortness of breath
  • noisy breathing
  • shallow breaths
  • chest pain
  • anxiety
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • elevated pulse rate
  • pale skin
  • sweating
  • cough that doesn't go away
  • changes in a chronic cough
  • coughing up blood
  • hoarseness
  • losing weight without trying
  • bone pain
  • headache
  • swelling in the ankles, feet, or legs
  • lower muscle endurance
  • blueness of the lips or fingernail beds
It is possible that Lung Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Common Causes of Lung Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Lung Diseases:
  • smoking
  • exposure to asbestos
  • exposure to radon gas
  • air pollution
References: 8

Risk Factors of Lung Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Lung Diseases:
  • smoking
  • gender

Prevention of Lung Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Lung Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • maintain healthy body weight
  • tetanus booster should be up to dated
  • get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia
  • avoid outdoor allergens and irritants
  • monitor your breathing
References: 5, 9

Occurrence of Lung Diseases

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Lung Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Lung Diseases most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Lung Diseases most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 10, 11, 12, 13

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Lung Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Lung Diseases:
  • Spirometry: To measures the amount of airflow obstruction present
  • Lung function tests: To measure the amount of air inhaled and exhaled
  • Chest x-ray: To view the signs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Arterial blood gas test: To calculate the oxygen level in the blood
References: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17

Doctor for Diagnosis of Lung Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Lung Diseases:
  • Allergist
  • Pulmonary specialists
  • Physician

Complications of Lung Diseases if Untreated

Yes, Lung Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Lung Diseases is left untreated:
  • can be fatal
  • decreased ability to take part in physical activities
  • lack of sleep due to nighttime symptoms
  • permanent changes in the function of the lungs
  • persistent cough
  • trouble breathing
  • difficulty in walking
  • unable to work
  • memory loss
  • chronic diseases
  • depression
  • mental conditions
  • respiratory infections
  • heart problems
  • lung cancer
  • pleural effusion
  • pain
  • shortness of breath
  • hemoptysis
  • metastasis
References: 6, 17, 18, 19

Procedures for Treatment of Lung Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Lung Diseases:
  • Allergy shots: Reduces the immune system reaction to specific allergens
  • Bronchial thermoplasty: Reduces the smooth muscle inside the airways by heating up insides of the airways
  • Surgery: To remove lung cancer
  • Chemotherapy: To destroy the cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells
References: 6, 20

Self-care for Lung Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Lung Diseases:
  • Use air conditioner: Reduces the amount of airborne pollens
  • Prevent mold spores: Keep mold spores from developing
  • Keep your home clean
  • Cover the nose and mouth if it's cold out
  • Get regular exercise: Prevents from asthma attacks
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Reduces the worsening asthma
  • Smoking: Avoid smoking
  • Avoid asbestos: Avoid exposure to asbestos
  • Avoid secondhand smoke
References: 8, 21

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Lung Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Lung Diseases:
  • Breathing exercises: Improves the asthma symptoms
  • Herbal and natural remedies: Improves asthma symptoms
  • Acupuncture: Lowers the pain and ease cancer treatment side effects
  • Hypnosis: Relieves anxiety, nausea and pain in people with cancer
  • Massage: Reduces anxiety and pain in people with cancer
  • Meditation: Lowers stress and improve quality of life in people with cancer
  • Yoga: Helps people with cancer sleep better
References: 6, 22

Patient Support for Treatment of Lung Diseases

The following actions may help Lung Diseases patients:
  • Pace yourself: Take breaks between the tasks and avoid activities that make the symptoms worse
  • Talk to others with your condition: Connect with people facing similar challenges
  • Child having asthma: Pay attention on the things your child can do
  • Supportive care: Improves the mood and quality of life
  • Learn enough about lung cancer to make decisions about your care: Helps you in becoming more confident in making treatment decisions
  • Keep friends and family close: Provides the practical support and help you deal with your lung cancer
References: 6, 23

Questions - Lung Diseases

Demographic Information - Lung Diseases

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Lung Diseases. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
5 out of 7 users are female.
Users Percentile
Female5
Male2
Other0
Participants: 7
Age
The most common user is 30-40 years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-301
30-402
40-500
50+0
Participants: 3
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Asthma.
Users Percentile
Asthma1
Chronic kidney disease1
Heart attack1
Breast cancer1
Participants: 4
Body Weight
1 out of 3 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight1
Not overweight2
Participants: 3
Smoking Habit
4 out of 5 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke1
Do not smoke4
Participants: 5
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never1
One drink a day1
Two drinks a day1
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 3
Well-being
4 out of 4 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months4
No significant pain in the last 3 months0
Participants: 4
Profession
Accountant is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Accountant1
Government service1
Participants: 2
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week3
Twice a week1
Five times a week0
Everyday1
Participants: 5
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MedlinePlus Asthma - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. MedlinePlus Lung Diseases - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Cancer Research UK Breathing problems with cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Medlineplus Breathing Problems - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Medlineplus Breathing difficulties - first aid - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MAYO CLINIC Lung cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. NIH What Is COPD? - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Womenshealth.gov Lung disease fact sheet - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Asthma - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. Wikipedia Shortness of breath - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  11. Wikipedia Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  12. MedlinePlus Asthma in Children - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  13. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America Asthma Facts and Figures - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  14. Wikipedia Asthma Treatment - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  15. American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Asthma - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  16. MAYO CLINIC COPD - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  17. CDC Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  18. MedlinePlus Asthma - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  19. MAYO CLINIC COPD - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  20. Mayo Clinic Asthma - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  21. Mayo Clinic Asthma - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  22. Mayo Clinic Asthma - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  23. Mayo Clinic Asthma - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  24. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/19/2017.
This page provides information for Lung Diseases in English.

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