Low Blood Pressure

    Also called: Hypotension, LBP
    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    You've probably heard that high blood pressure is a problem. Sometimes blood pressure that is too low can also cause problems.

    Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps out blood into the arteries. Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is the diastolic pressure. Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers. Usually they're written one above or before the other, such as 120/80. If your blood pressure reading is 90/60 or lower, you have low blood pressure.

    Some people have low blood pressure all the time. They have no symptoms and their low readings are normal for them. In other people, blood pressure drops below normal because of a medical condition or certain medicines. Some people may have symptoms of low blood pressure when standing up too quickly. Low blood pressure is a problem only if it causes dizziness, fainting or in extreme cases, shock.

    NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

    Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure

    The following features are indicative of Low Blood Pressure:
    • dizziness
    • fainting
    • blurred vision
    • nausea
    • fatigue
    • lack of concentration
    • cold, clammy, pale skin
    • confusion
    • rapid, shallow breathing
    • weak and rapid pulse
    It is possible that Low Blood Pressure shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1, 2

    Common Causes of Low Blood Pressure

    The following are the most common causes of Low Blood Pressure:
    • dehydration
    • severe allergic reaction
    • pregnancy
    • heart problems
    • endocrine problems
    • blood loss
    References: 1

    Other Causes of Low Blood Pressure

    The following are the less common causes of Low Blood Pressure:
    • severe infection
    • lack of nutrients in your diet
    • medications
    References: 1

    Risk Factors of Low Blood Pressure

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Low Blood Pressure:
    • age
    • medications
    • certain diseases

    Prevention of Low Blood Pressure

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Low Blood Pressure. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • by drinking more water and less alcohol
    • by eating healthy diet
    • pay attention to your body positions
    • eat small and low-carb meals
    References: 3

    Occurrence of Low Blood Pressure

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Low Blood Pressure cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Low Blood Pressure most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Aged between 15-60 years

    Common Gender

    Low Blood Pressure most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Low Blood Pressure

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Low Blood Pressure:
    • Blood tests: Gives information about your overall health as well as about any disorder which can cause lower than normal blood pressure
    • Electrocardiogram: To assess the irregularities in your heart rhythm and structural abnormalities in your heart
    • Echocardiogram: To view the detailed images of your heart's structure and function
    • Stress test: To diagnose heart problems
    • Valsalva maneuver: To evaluate the functioning of your autonomic nervous system
    • Tilt table test: To determine how your body reacts to changes in position
    References: 3, 9, 10

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Low Blood Pressure

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Low Blood Pressure:
    • Cardiologist
    • Nephrologists
    • Surgeon
    • Neurologists

    Complications of Low Blood Pressure if Untreated

    Yes, Low Blood Pressure causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Low Blood Pressure is left untreated:
    • heart damage
    • brain damage
    References: 3

    Procedures for Treatment of Low Blood Pressure

    The following procedures are used to treat Low Blood Pressure:
    • Hypotensive shock treatment: Relieve the symptoms of hypotension and treating the hypotension
    References: 11

    Self-care for Low Blood Pressure

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Low Blood Pressure:
    • Blood sugar: By controlling blood sugar
    • Nutritional requirements: By proper nutrition intake
    • By drinking more water
    References: 3, 11

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Low Blood Pressure

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Low Blood Pressure:
    • Wear compression stockings: Lowers the pain and swelling of varicose veins which can help in reducing the pooling of blood in your legs
    References: 3

    Patient Support for Treatment of Low Blood Pressure

    The following actions may help Low Blood Pressure patients:
    • Family caregiving: Provides safety issue, guidance and protection about the disease
    References: 12, 13

    Related Topics - Low Blood Pressure

    Questions - Low Blood Pressure

    News and Updates

    Latest news and updates related to Low Blood Pressure. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Friday, January 12, 2018 -- The FDA has approved angiotensin II intravenous infusion for hypotension in patients with septic shock.

    Thursday, January 11, 2018 -- Researchers from Cleveland, Ohio examined which areas of the brain might be responsible for severe hypotension in individuals with epilepsy. When the heart beats, it contracts, pushing blood through the arteries to the rest of the body. In turn, this creates pressure in the blood vessels. The amount of pressure in the arteries is called […] The post Why Do Epileptic Seizures Sometimes Lead to Hypotension? appeared first on Medical News Bulletin | Health News and Medical Research.

    Wednesday, December 27, 2017 -- The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Giapreza to increase blood pressure in adults with septic or other distributive shock. “Shock, the inability to maintain blood flow to vital tissues, can result in organ failure and death,” said Norman … Read More » The post Newly approved medication targets low blood pressure appeared first on Life Science Daily.

    Thursday, December 21, 2017 -- (Reuters) - La Jolla Pharmaceutical said on Thursday the U.S. Food and Drug Administration had approved its drug, Giapreza, to treat dangerously low blood pressure.

    Monday, December 11, 2017 -- (MedPage Today) -- Low systolic blood pressures associated with mortality

    Demographic Information - Low Blood Pressure

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Low Blood Pressure. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    16 out of 22 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Participants: 22
    The most common user is 30-40 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 212
    Participants: 21
    Marital Status
    Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
    Users Percentile
    Married or domestic partnership2
    Single, never married1
    Participants: 3
    Users most commonly suffer from High blood pressure.
    Users Percentile
    High blood pressure6
    Back pain2
    Other heart disease1
    Sexually transmitted disease (STD)1
    Participants: 14
    Body Weight
    4 out of 18 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Not overweight14
    Participants: 18
    Smoking Habit
    14 out of 19 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Do not smoke14
    Participants: 19
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
    Users Percentile
    One drink a day1
    Two drinks a day0
    More than two drinks a day0
    Once a week0
    Twice a week1
    Once a month2
    Participants: 14
    8 out of 18 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months8
    No significant pain in the last 3 months10
    Participants: 18
    Shop keeper is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Shop keeper3
    Family business1
    Engineer, IT or Software1
    Public health1
    Participants: 16
    Routine Health Check-ups
    1 out of 2 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
    No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
    Participants: 2
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    'I do not have medical insurance' is the most commonly reported reason for not receiving routine health checkups.
    Users Percentile
    I do not have medical insurance1
    Participants: 1
    1 out of 2 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis1
    No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis1
    Participants: 2
    3 out of 3 users report that they are have received immunization.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, received immunization3
    No, not received immunization0
    Participants: 3
    2 out of 2 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking supplements2
    No, not taking supplements0
    Participants: 2
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise everyday.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week3
    Twice a week2
    Five times a week2
    Participants: 17
    Exercise Duration
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Like Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Difficulties in Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fruits and Vegetables
    Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables 'Everyday'.
    Users Percentile
    Participants: 2
    Healthy Food Choices
    Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Most of the time'.
    Users Percentile
    Most of the time1
    Participants: 2
    Eating Out
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fast Food Frequency
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Special Diet
    0 out of 3 users report that they are on a special diet.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, on a special diet0
    No, not on a special diet3
    Participants: 3
    Housing Type
    Users most commonly report that they live in a 'House'.
    Users Percentile
    Participants: 2
    Own Home
    2 out of 2 users report that they own a home.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, own a home2
    No, do not own a home0
    Participants: 2
    Non-emergency Visits
    Users most commonly report that they go to 'Hospital' for their non-emergency health issues.
    Users Percentile
    Doctor's Clinic1
    Participants: 2
    Medicine Source
    Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
    Users Percentile
    Local pharmacy2
    Participants: 3


    1. Mayo Clinic Low blood pressure (hypotension) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. MedlinePlus Low Blood Pressure - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. MAYO CLINIC Low blood pressure (hypotension) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Wet-combing: Helps remove lice and some nits
    5. Use essential oils: Shows toxic effect on lice and eggs
    6. Use smothering agents: Helps depriving the lice and incubating eggs of air
    7. Dehydration: Helps killing head lice and their eggs
    8. Household cleaning: Cleaning helps lice survive for not more than one day
    9. American Heart Association Low Blood Pressure - When Blood Pressure Is Too Low - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. NIH Hypotension - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. Wikipedia Hypotension - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    12. NCBI Individuals and Families: Models and Interventions - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    13. Susan C. Reinhard; Barbara Given; Nirvana Huhtala Petlick; Ann Bemis Supporting Family Caregivers in Providing Care - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    14. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/14/2018.
    This page provides information for Low Blood Pressure in English.

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