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Legionnaires' Disease

Also called: Legionellosis
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Legionnaires' disease is a type of pneumonia caused by bacteria. You usually get it by breathing in mist from water that contains the bacteria. The mist may come from hot tubs, showers, or air-conditioning units for large buildings. The bacteria don't spread from person to person.

Symptoms of Legionnaires' disease include high fever, chills, a cough, and sometimes muscle aches and headaches. Other types of pneumonia have similar symptoms. You will probably need a chest x-ray to diagnose the pneumonia. Lab tests can detect the specific bacteria that cause Legionnaires' disease.

Most people exposed to the bacteria do not become sick. You are more likely to get sick if you

  • Are older than 50
  • Smoke
  • Have a chronic lung disease
  • Have a weak immune system

Legionnaires' disease is serious and can be life-threatening. However, most people recover with antibiotic treatment.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Symptoms of Legionnaires' Disease

The following features are indicative of Legionnaires' Disease:
  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • fever
  • muscle ache
  • headache
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • confusion
References: 1

Common Causes of Legionnaires' Disease

The following are the most common causes of Legionnaires' Disease:
  • legionella bacteria
References: 1

Risk Factors of Legionnaires' Disease

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Legionnaires' Disease:
  • older age
  • history of smoking
  • chronic lung disease
  • poor immune function

Prevention of Legionnaires' Disease

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Legionnaires' Disease. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • by meticulous cleaning and disinfection of water systems
References: 2

Occurrence of Legionnaires' Disease

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Legionnaires' Disease cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Legionnaires' Disease most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Legionnaires' Disease most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 3

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Legionnaires' Disease

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Legionnaires' Disease:
  • Blood tests:To examine the legionella antigens
  • Chest X-ray: To determine the extent of infection in your lungs
  • Tests on a sample of your sputum or lung tissue: To diagnose the legionnaires' disease
  • Lumbar puncture: To assess the neurological symptoms
References: 2

Doctor for Diagnosis of Legionnaires' Disease

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Legionnaires' Disease:
  • Pulmonologist
  • Primary care provider

Complications of Legionnaires' Disease if Untreated

Yes, Legionnaires' Disease causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Legionnaires' Disease is left untreated:
  • septic shock
  • respiratory failure
  • acute kidney failure
  • can be fatal
References: 2

Self-care for Legionnaires' Disease

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Legionnaires' Disease:
  • Smoking: Do not smoke
References: 2

Time for Treatment of Legionnaires' Disease

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Legionnaires' Disease to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week
References: 4

Questions - Legionnaires' Disease

Is this available in Mumbai? Actually I reside in Mumbai (Virar). But it is not available in medical store & online store also.

News and Updates

Latest news and updates related to Legionnaires' Disease. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

Thursday, November 23, 2017 -- Pharmacists can play an important role in counseling patients to help prevent outbreaks.

Wednesday, October 25, 2017 -- At least a dozen people in New York City contracted Legionnaires’ disease, prompting city officials to launch an investigation into the community cluster to contain it before it becomes a deadly outbreak.

Monday, October 23, 2017 -- At ID Week 2017, Dr. Laura Cooley, CDC, discussed the increasing number of Legionnaires’ cases in the United States, underscoring the need for stronger water management practices.

Monday, October 02, 2017 -- Nineteen percent of all Legionnaires' disease (LD) outbreaks are LTC related.

Thursday, September 07, 2017 -- Intracellular pathogens adopt various strategies to circumvent the defences of the host cell and to proliferate intracellularly. One specific strategy is to target host organelles like the mitochondria. Mitochondria are well-defined cytoplasmic organelles, which take part in a variety of cellular metabolic functions.

Demographic Information - Legionnaires' Disease

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References

  1. Wikipedia Legionnaires' disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. MAYO CLINIC Legionnaires' disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Wikipedia Legionnaires' disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. CDC Legionella (Legionnaires' Disease and Pontiac Fever) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 11/28/2017.
This page provides information for Legionnaires' Disease in English.

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