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Juvenile Arthritis

Also called: Childhood arthritis, JRA, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Still's disease
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Juvenile arthritis (JA) is arthritis that happens in children. It causes joint swelling, pain, stiffness, and loss of motion. It can affect any joint, but is more common in the knees, hands, and feet. In some cases it can affect internal organs as well.

The most common type of JA that children get is juvenile idiopathic arthritis. There are several other forms of arthritis affecting children.

One early sign of JA may be limping in the morning. Symptoms can come and go. Some children have just one or two flare-ups. Others have symptoms that never go away. JA can cause growth problems and eye inflammation in some children.

No one knows exactly what causes JA. Most types are autoimmune disorders. This means that your immune system, which normally helps your body fight infection, attacks your body's own tissues.

JA can be hard to diagnose. Your health care provider may do a physical exam, lab tests, and x-rays. A team of providers usually treats JA. Medicines and physical therapy can help maintain movement and reduce swelling and pain. They may also help prevent and treat complications.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Juvenile Arthritis

The following features are indicative of Juvenile Arthritis:
  • swollen, red or warm joint
  • high fever
  • rash
  • stiffness
  • pain
  • pale skin
  • sick appearance
  • swollen lymph gland
  • limited joint movement
  • vision changes
  • photophobia
  • red eyes
  • eye pain
It is possible that Juvenile Arthritis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1

Common Causes of Juvenile Arthritis

The following are the most common causes of Juvenile Arthritis:
  • genetic factors
  • enviromental factors
References: 2, 2

Risk Factors of Juvenile Arthritis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Juvenile Arthritis:
  • breastfeeding
  • maternal smoking
  • sun exposure
  • maternal infective illness
  • hospital infections

Prevention of Juvenile Arthritis

No, it is not possible to prevent Juvenile Arthritis.
  • genetic factors
References: 4, 5

Occurrence of Juvenile Arthritis

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Juvenile Arthritis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Juvenile Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Birth to 16 years

Common Gender

Juvenile Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 5

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Juvenile Arthritis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Juvenile Arthritis:
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR): To determine the type of juvenile arthritis and extent of inflammation
  • C-reactive protein test: To measure levels of general inflammation
  • Anti-nuclear antibody: To measure number of proteins produced by immune system
  • Rheumatoid factor: To determine the rheumatoid factor antibody in the patient's blood
  • Cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP): To determine CCP antibody in child's blood
References: 6, 7

Doctor for Diagnosis of Juvenile Arthritis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Juvenile Arthritis:
  • Pediatric rheumatologist

Complications of Juvenile Arthritis if Untreated

Yes, Juvenile Arthritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Juvenile Arthritis is left untreated:
  • uveitis
  • cataract
  • glaucoma
  • blindness
  • interference with child's growth and bone development
References: 8

Procedures for Treatment of Juvenile Arthritis

The following procedures are used to treat Juvenile Arthritis:
  • Surgery: To improve the joint position
References: 9

Self-care for Juvenile Arthritis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Juvenile Arthritis:
  • Exercise: Regular exercise to promote muscle strength and joint flexibility
  • Apply cold or heat packs: To relieve stiffness in morning
  • Healthy diet: To maintain normal body weight
References: 10

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Juvenile Arthritis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Juvenile Arthritis:
  • Physical or Occupational therapy: To help protect joints and keep them in a good functional position
References: 11

Patient Support for Treatment of Juvenile Arthritis

The following actions may help Juvenile Arthritis patients:
  • Family support: Helps child cope up with juvenile arthritis
  • Family encouragement: By encouraging child to participate in physical activities
References: 12

Time for Treatment of Juvenile Arthritis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Juvenile Arthritis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced
References: 1, 5, 11

Related Topics - Juvenile Arthritis

Questions - Juvenile Arthritis

Demographic Information - Juvenile Arthritis

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Juvenile Arthritis. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
4 out of 5 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female1
Male4
Other0
Participants: 5
Age
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
Users Percentile
< 211
21-302
30-401
40-500
50+1
Participants: 5
Marital Status
Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
Users Percentile
Married or domestic partnership1
Participants: 1
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Asthma.
Users Percentile
Asthma2
High blood pressure1
Participants: 3
Body Weight
2 out of 4 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight2
Not overweight2
Participants: 4
Smoking Habit
3 out of 4 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke1
Do not smoke3
Participants: 4
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never3
One drink a day1
Two drinks a day1
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 5
Well-being
1 out of 4 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months1
No significant pain in the last 3 months3
Participants: 4
Profession
Family business is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Family business1
Pharmacist1
Government service1
Other1
Participants: 3
Routine Health Check-ups
1 out of 1 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
Users Percentile
Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations0
Participants: 1
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
0 out of 1 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
Users Percentile
Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis0
No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis1
Participants: 1
Immunization
1 out of 1 users report that they are have received immunization.
Users Percentile
Yes, received immunization1
No, not received immunization0
Participants: 1
Supplements
0 out of 1 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
Users Percentile
Yes, taking supplements0
No, not taking supplements1
Participants: 1
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise everyday.
Users Percentile
Once a week1
Twice a week1
Five times a week0
Everyday3
Participants: 5
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables 'Everyday'.
Users Percentile
Everyday1
Participants: 1
Healthy Food Choices
Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Always'.
Users Percentile
Always1
Participants: 1
Eating Out
Users most commonly report to eat out 'Everyday'.
Users Percentile
Everyday1
Participants: 1
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
1 out of 1 users report that they are on a special diet.
Users Percentile
Yes, on a special diet1
No, not on a special diet0
Participants: 1
Housing Type
Users most commonly report that they live in a 'House'.
Users Percentile
House1
Participants: 1
Own Home
1 out of 1 users report that they own a home.
Users Percentile
Yes, own a home1
No, do not own a home0
Participants: 1
Non-emergency Visits
Users most commonly report that they go to 'Doctor's Clinic' for their non-emergency health issues.
Users Percentile
Doctor's Clinic1
Participants: 1
Medicine Source
Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
Users Percentile
Local pharmacy1
Participants: 1

References

  1. MedlinePlus Juvenile idiopathic arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. Justine A. Ellis Jane E. Munro Anne-Louise Ponsonby Possible environmental determinants of juvenile idiopathic arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Justine A. Ellis Jane E. Munro Anne-Louise Ponsonby Possible environmental determinants of juvenile idiopathic arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Arthritis foundation Juvenile Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Wikipedia Childhood arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. Arthritis foundation Find a Pediatric Rheumatologist - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Mayoclinic Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Mayo Clinic Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. Mayoclinic Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. Mayo Clinic Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  11. Mayo Clinic Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  12. Mayo Clinic Juvenile idiopathic arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  13. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/12/2018.
This page provides information for Juvenile Arthritis in English.

Related Topics - Juvenile Arthritis

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