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    Insomnia

    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    Insomnia is a common sleep disorder. If you have it, you may have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. As a result, you may get too little sleep or have poor-quality sleep. You may not feel refreshed when you wake up.

    Symptoms of insomnia include:

    • Lying awake for a long time before you fall asleep
    • Sleeping for only short periods
    • Being awake for much of the night
    • Feeling as if you haven't slept at all
    • Waking up too early

    Your doctor will diagnose insomnia based on your medical and sleep histories and a physical exam. He or she also may recommend a sleep study. A sleep study measures how well you sleep and how your body responds to sleep problems. Treatments include lifestyle changes, counseling, and medicines.

    NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

    Symptoms of Insomnia

    The following features are indicative of Insomnia:
    • difficulty falling asleep at night
    • waking up during the night
    • waking up too early
    • not feeling well-rested after a night's sleep
    • sleepiness
    • irritability
    • depression
    • difficulty paying attention
    • increased errors
    • ongoing worries about sleep
    References: 1, 2

    Common Causes of Insomnia

    The following are the most common causes of Insomnia:
    • stress
    • travel
    • works schedule
    • poor sleep habits
    • eating too much late in the evening
    References: 2

    Other Causes of Insomnia

    The following are the less common causes of Insomnia:
    • mental health disorders
    • medications
    • medical conditions
    • sleep-related disorders
    • caffeine, nicotine and alcohol intake
    References: 2

    Risk Factors of Insomnia

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Insomnia:
    • age
    • women
    • mental health disorder
    • long-lasting stress
    • irregular schedule

    Prevention of Insomnia

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Insomnia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • do not drink caffeinated drinks a few hours before going to sleep
    • maintain sleep hygiene
    • avoid naps
    References: 3, 4

    Occurrence of Insomnia

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Insomnia cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Insomnia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Insomnia most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 3

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Insomnia

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Insomnia:
    • Physical exam: To assess the signs of medical problems that may be related to insomnia
    • Sleep habits review: To evaluate the sleep-wake pattern and the level of daytime sleepiness
    • Sleep study: To monitor and record a variety of body activities while you sleep
    References: 2, 5

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Insomnia

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Insomnia:
    • Neurologists
    • Psychiatrists
    • Sleep specialists
    • Pulmonologists

    Complications of Insomnia if Untreated

    Yes, Insomnia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Insomnia is left untreated:
    • higher risk of accidents
    • lower performance on the job or at school
    • mental health disorders
    • increased risk and severity of long-term diseases or conditions
    References: 2

    Procedures for Treatment of Insomnia

    The following procedures are used to treat Insomnia:
    • Cognitive behavioral therapy: Helps in alleviating the negative thoughts and actions that keep you awake
    References: 2

    Self-care for Insomnia

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Insomnia:
    • By changing your sleep habits
    • By limiting large meals and beverages before bed
    References: 2

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Insomnia

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Insomnia:
    • Acupuncture: Effective for people with insomnia
    • Yoga: Improves the sleep quality
    • Meditation: Helps in improving sleep and lowering the stress
    References: 2

    Time for Treatment of Insomnia

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Insomnia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 1 - 4 weeks
    References: 3

    Related Topics - Insomnia

    Questions - Insomnia

    Demographic Information - Insomnia

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Insomnia. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    Gender
    23 out of 33 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Female10
    Male23
    Other0
    Participants: 33
    Age
    The most common user is 21-30 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 214
    21-3011
    30-409
    40-503
    50+10
    Participants: 37
    Marital Status
    Users most commonly report that they are 'Single, never married'.
    Users Percentile
    Single, never married1
    Married or domestic partnership1
    Participants: 2
    Disease
    Users most commonly suffer from Insomnia.
    Users Percentile
    Insomnia9
    Depression7
    Back pain2
    Peripheral vascular disease (PVD)1
    Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)1
    Heart failure1
    Other5
    Participants: 26
    Body Weight
    10 out of 36 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Overweight10
    Not overweight26
    Participants: 36
    Smoking Habit
    31 out of 50 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Smoke19
    Do not smoke31
    Participants: 50
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
    Users Percentile
    Never16
    One drink a day1
    Two drinks a day3
    More than two drinks a day3
    Once a week2
    Twice a week0
    Once a month8
    Participants: 33
    Well-being
    11 out of 38 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months11
    No significant pain in the last 3 months27
    Participants: 38
    Profession
    Retired is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Retired5
    Accountant5
    Student3
    Family business2
    Engineer, IT or Software2
    Doctor2
    Other17
    Participants: 31
    Routine Health Check-ups
    1 out of 2 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
    No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
    Participants: 2
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    'I do not have the time' is the most commonly reported reason for not receiving routine health checkups.
    Users Percentile
    I do not have the time1
    Participants: 1
    Medication
    2 out of 2 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis2
    No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis0
    Participants: 2
    Immunization
    1 out of 2 users report that they are have received immunization.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, received immunization1
    No, not received immunization1
    Participants: 2
    Supplements
    0 out of 1 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking supplements0
    No, not taking supplements1
    Participants: 1
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise once a week.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week14
    Twice a week6
    Five times a week2
    Everyday8
    Never0
    Participants: 30
    Exercise Duration
    Users most commonly report that they exercise 'More than 1 hour' each time.
    Users Percentile
    More than 1 hour1
    Participants: 1
    Like Exercising
    Users most commonly report that they enjoy exercising 'Most of the time'.
    Users Percentile
    Most of the time1
    Participants: 1
    Difficulties in Exercising
    'Time availability' is the most commonly reported difficulty in achieving fitness.
    Users Percentile
    Time availability1
    Participants: 1
    Fruits and Vegetables
    Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables 'Everyday'.
    Users Percentile
    Everyday1
    Participants: 1
    Healthy Food Choices
    Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Most of the time'.
    Users Percentile
    Most of the time1
    Participants: 1
    Eating Out
    Users most commonly report to eat out 'Everyday'.
    Users Percentile
    Everyday2
    Participants: 2
    Fast Food Frequency
    Users most commonly report that they eat fast food 'Everyday'.
    Users Percentile
    Everyday2
    Participants: 2
    Special Diet
    1 out of 2 users report that they are on a special diet.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, on a special diet1
    No, not on a special diet1
    Participants: 2
    Housing Type
    Users most commonly report that they live in a 'Mobile home'.
    Users Percentile
    Mobile home1
    Apartment1
    Participants: 2
    Own Home
    1 out of 1 users report that they own a home.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, own a home1
    No, do not own a home0
    Participants: 1
    Non-emergency Visits
    Users most commonly report that they go to 'Dispensary' for their non-emergency health issues.
    Users Percentile
    Dispensary1
    Participants: 1
    Medicine Source
    Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Mail order pharmacy'.
    Users Percentile
    Mail order pharmacy1
    Participants: 1

    References

    1. Schneider-helmert D. Asymptomatic insomnia. Sleep Med. 2007;8(2):107-10 - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. MAYO CLINIC Insomnia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Wikipedia Insomnia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. MAYO CLINIC Insomnia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. MAYO CLINIC Departments and Centers Center for Sleep Medicine in Minnesota - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/06/2018.
    This page provides information for Insomnia in English.

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