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Infectious Arthritis

Also called: Septic arthritis
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Most kinds of arthritis cause pain and swelling in your joints. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as your elbow or knee. Infectious arthritis is an infection in the joint. The infection comes from a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection that spreads from another part of the body. Symptoms of infectious arthritis include

  • Intense pain in the joint
  • Joint redness and swelling
  • Chills and fever
  • Inability to move the area with the infected joint

One type of infectious arthritis is reactive arthritis. The reaction is to an infection somewhere else in your body. The joint is usually the knee, ankle, or toe. Sometimes, reactive arthritis is set off by an infection in the bladder, or in the urethra, which carries urine out of the body. In women, an infection in the vagina can cause the reaction. For both men and women, it can start with bacteria passed on during sex. Another form of reactive arthritis starts with eating food or handling something that has bacteria on it.

To diagnose infectious arthritis, your health care provider may do tests of your blood, urine, and joint fluid. Treatment includes medicines and sometimes surgery.

Symptoms of Infectious Arthritis

The following features are indicative of Infectious Arthritis:
  • intense joint pain
  • joint redness and swelling
  • chills
  • fever
  • inability to move the area with the infected joint
References: 1

Common Causes of Infectious Arthritis

The following are the most common causes of Infectious Arthritis:
  • bacterial, viral or fungal infections
References: 2

Risk Factors of Infectious Arthritis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Infectious Arthritis:
  • existing joint problems
  • taking medications for rheumatoid arthritis
  • skin fragility
  • weak immune system
  • joint trauma

Prevention of Infectious Arthritis

No, it is not possible to prevent Infectious Arthritis.
  • local infections
  • pathogens may enter via direct inoculation
References: 3

Occurrence of Infectious Arthritis

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Infectious Arthritis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not common between 50K - 500K cases

Common Age Group

Infectious Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Infectious Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 4

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Infectious Arthritis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Infectious Arthritis:
  • Joint fluid analysis: To find out what organism is causing the infection
  • Blood test: To diagnose signs of blood infection
  • Imaging tests: To check damage to the joint through X-ray and other imaging methods
References: 2

Doctor for Diagnosis of Infectious Arthritis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Infectious Arthritis:
  • Orthopedic surgeon
  • Infectious disease specialist
  • Rheumatologist

Complications of Infectious Arthritis if Untreated

Yes, Infectious Arthritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Infectious Arthritis is left untreated:
  • joint degeneration or permanent damage
References: 2

Procedures for Treatment of Infectious Arthritis

The following procedures are used to treat Infectious Arthritis:
  • Scope procedure: To remove the infected joint fluid through arthroscopy
  • Open surgery: To drain the infected joint fluid
References: 2

Self-care for Infectious Arthritis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Infectious Arthritis:
  • Manage weight: Weight loss is an effective method to decrease complications
  • Quit smoking: Avoid smoking
  • Stand and walk around every half-hour
References: 5

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Infectious Arthritis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Infectious Arthritis:
  • Cool compress: To relieve pain
References: 6

Time for Treatment of Infectious Arthritis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Infectious Arthritis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks
References: 7

Related Topics - Infectious Arthritis

Questions - Infectious Arthritis

No questions have been asked.

Demographic Information - Infectious Arthritis

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Infectious Arthritis. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
2 out of 3 users are female.
Users Percentile
Female2
Male1
Other0
Participants: 3
Age
The most common user is < 21 years old.
Users Percentile
< 211
21-301
30-400
40-500
50+1
Participants: 3
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Obesity.
Users Percentile
Obesity1
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)1
Participants: 2
Body Weight
2 out of 5 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight2
Not overweight3
Participants: 5
Smoking Habit
6 out of 6 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke0
Do not smoke6
Participants: 6
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never2
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week1
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 3
Well-being
1 out of 4 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months1
No significant pain in the last 3 months3
Participants: 4
Profession
Student is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Student2
Engineer, IT or Software1
Other1
Participants: 3
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week2
Twice a week1
Five times a week0
Everyday0
Participants: 3
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MedlinePlus Infectious Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. MAYO CLINIC Septic arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. DIANE LEWIS HOROWITZ, MD, and ELENA KATZAP, DO, SCOTT HOROWITZ, MD, MARIA-LOUISE BARILLA-LaBARCA, MD, Approach to Septic Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Mark E. Shirtliff, and Jon T. Mader Acute Septic Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. MAYO CLINIC Arthritis pain: Do's and don'ts - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MedlinePlus Septic arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Katie A. Sharff & Eric P. Richards & John M. Townes Clinical Management of Septic Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/04/2018.
This page provides information for Infectious Arthritis in English.

Related Topics - Infectious Arthritis

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