Also called: High blood glucose, High blood sugar
    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    Hyperglycemia means high blood sugar or glucose. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that moves glucose into your cells to give them energy. Hyperglycemia happens when your body doesn't make enough insulin or can't use it the right way.

    People with diabetes can get hyperglycemia from not eating the right foods or not taking medicines correctly. Other problems that can raise blood sugar include infections, certain medicines, hormone imbalances, or severe illnesses.

    Symptoms of Hyperglycemia

    The following features are indicative of Hyperglycemia:
    • frequent urination
    • increased thirst
    • blurred vision
    • fatigue
    • headache
    • fruity-smelling breath
    • nausea and vomiting
    • shortness of breath
    • dry mouth
    • weakness
    • confusion
    It is possible that Hyperglycemia shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Hyperglycemia

    The following are the most common causes of Hyperglycemia:
    • oral diabetes medication
    • not injecting insulin properly
    • being inactive
    • having an illness or infection
    • being injured or having surgery
    • emotional stress
    References: 2

    Risk Factors of Hyperglycemia

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hyperglycemia:
    • emotional stress

    Prevention of Hyperglycemia

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hyperglycemia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • eat food in balance
    • monitor the blood sugar levels regularly
    • physical activity
    References: 3

    Occurrence of Hyperglycemia

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Hyperglycemia cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Hyperglycemia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Aged between 35-50 years

    Common Gender

    Hyperglycemia most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 4, 5, 6

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hyperglycemia

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hyperglycemia:
    • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test: To test the average blood sugar level for the past two to three months
    References: 7

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Hyperglycemia

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hyperglycemia:
    • Endocrinologist

    Complications of Hyperglycemia if Untreated

    Yes, Hyperglycemia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hyperglycemia is left untreated:
    • cardiovascular disease
    • nerve damage
    • kidney damage
    • damage to the blood vessels of the retina
    • cataract
    • bone and joint problems
    • teeth and gum infections
    References: 8

    Procedures for Treatment of Hyperglycemia

    The following procedures are used to treat Hyperglycemia:
    • Fluid replacement: Dilute the excess sugar in the blood
    • Electrolyte replacement: Transfer of electrolytes in the blood
    References: 9

    Self-care for Hyperglycemia

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hyperglycemia:
    • Exercise: Control the blood sugar levels
    • Meal Plan: Eating healthy diet keeps the sugar levels in control
    References: 9

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hyperglycemia

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hyperglycemia:
    • Chinese Therapy: A mixture of Ginseng extracts, leaf of Panax quinquefolium and Panax ginseng controls the sugar levels
    References: 10

    Time for Treatment of Hyperglycemia

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hyperglycemia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 1 - 3 months
    References: 11

    Related Topics - Hyperglycemia

    Questions - Hyperglycemia

    Demographic Information - Hyperglycemia

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Hyperglycemia. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    5 out of 5 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Participants: 5
    The most common user is 21-30 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 210
    Participants: 3
    Marital Status
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Users most commonly suffer from Diabetes.
    Users Percentile
    Participants: 4
    Body Weight
    3 out of 6 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Not overweight3
    Participants: 6
    Smoking Habit
    3 out of 5 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Do not smoke3
    Participants: 5
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly report having alcohol once a month.
    Users Percentile
    One drink a day1
    Two drinks a day1
    More than two drinks a day0
    Once a week0
    Twice a week1
    Once a month2
    Participants: 6
    2 out of 4 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months2
    No significant pain in the last 3 months2
    Participants: 4
    Family business is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Family business3
    Participants: 4
    Routine Health Check-ups
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    No data has been collected for this survey
    No data has been collected for this survey
    No data has been collected for this survey
    0 out of 1 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking supplements0
    No, not taking supplements1
    Participants: 1
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise everyday.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week2
    Twice a week1
    Five times a week0
    Participants: 7
    Exercise Duration
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Like Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Difficulties in Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fruits and Vegetables
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Healthy Food Choices
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Eating Out
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fast Food Frequency
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Special Diet
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Housing Type
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Own Home
    0 out of 1 users report that they own a home.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, own a home0
    No, do not own a home1
    Participants: 1
    Non-emergency Visits
    Users most commonly report that they go to 'Doctor's Clinic' for their non-emergency health issues.
    Users Percentile
    Doctor's Clinic1
    Participants: 1
    Medicine Source
    No data has been collected for this survey


    1. Mayo Clinic Hyperglycemia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Mayo Clinic Hyperglycemia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Mayo Clinic Hyperglycemia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Quang binh T, Tran phuong P, Thi nhung B, et al. Prevalence and correlates of hyperglycemia in a rural population, Vietnam: implications from a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:939. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Lai SW, Tan CK, Ng KC. Epidemiology of hyperglycemia in elderly persons. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2000;55(5):M257-9. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Guariguata L, Linnenkamp U, Beagley J, Whiting DR, Cho NH. Global estimates of the prevalence of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2014;103(2):176-85. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Wikipedia Hyperglycemia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. MayoClinic Hyperglycemia in Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Mayo Clinic Hyperglycemia - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Yin J, Zhang H, Ye J. Traditional chinese medicine in treatment of metabolic syndrome. Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets. 2008;8(2):99-111. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. Nathan DM, Buse JB, Davidson MB, et al. Medical management of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes: a consensus algorithm for the initiation and adjustment of therapy: a consensus statement of the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009;32(1):193-203. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    12. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/16/2018.
    This page provides information for Hyperglycemia in English.

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