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Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Also called: Acne inversa, Suppurative hidradenitis
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disease. It can occur in one or multiple areas of your body. HS usually develops in your armpits, groin, and anal area. It causes long-term skin inflammation and can be painful.

Symptoms include

  • Blackheads and red, tender bumps, called abscesses. The abscesses get bigger, break open, and leak pus
  • Tunnels that form under the skin between abscesses
  • Scarring

No one knows what causes HS. It is more common in women, African Americans, and people who have had acne. It usually starts after the teenage years. Treatments include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medicines, and sometimes surgery. Losing weight or wearing looser clothing may help some patients avoid skin irritation.

Symptoms of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following features are indicative of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • blackheads
  • red or tender bumps
  • painful and pea-sized lumps
  • tunnels
References: 1, 2

Common Causes of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following are the most common causes of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • blocked and inflamed hair follicles
  • excessive sweating
  • genetic factors
  • androgen dysfunction
References: 2, 3

Risk Factors of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • age
  • gender
  • family history
  • arthritis
  • severe acne
  • obesity
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • Crohn's disease
  • metabolic syndrome
  • diabetes
  • smoking

Prevention of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

No, it is not possible to prevent Hidradenitis Suppurativa.
  • genetic factors
  • environmental factors
References: 4

Occurrence of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Hidradenitis Suppurativa cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hidradenitis Suppurativa most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Hidradenitis Suppurativa most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 2, 4

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • Laboratory test: To detect a boil infection or other skin disorders
References: 2

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • Primary care doctor
  • Dermatologist

Complications of Hidradenitis Suppurativa if Untreated

Yes, Hidradenitis Suppurativa causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hidradenitis Suppurativa is left untreated:
  • infection
  • scars or skin changes
  • obstructed lymph drainage
  • cancer
References: 2

Procedures for Treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following procedures are used to treat Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • Punch debridement: To remove a single inflamed nodule
  • Incision and drainage: To provides short-term pain relief
  • Tissue-sparing excision with electro surgery: To remove diseased tissue
  • Surgery: To remove all involved skin
References: 2

Self-care for Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • Follow a daily skin-care routine: Gently wash the skin with cleanser
  • Avoid tight clothes and irritating products: Wear lightweight and loose clothes to prevent friction
  • Keep a healthy weight and stay active: Exercise daily to stay fit and healthy
  • Quit smoking: Avoid tobacco and smoking
References: 2

Patient Support for Treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following actions may help Hidradenitis Suppurativa patients:
  • Join support group: Join online support groups to know about other's experiences with the same condition
References: 2

Time for Treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hidradenitis Suppurativa to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months
References: 2

Related Topics - Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Questions - Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Demographic Information - Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Hidradenitis Suppurativa. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
6 out of 7 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female1
Male6
Other0
Participants: 7
Age
The most common user is < 21 years old.
Users Percentile
< 212
21-301
30-401
40-500
50+0
Participants: 4
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Chronic kidney disease.
Users Percentile
Chronic kidney disease1
Participants: 1
Body Weight
3 out of 6 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight3
Not overweight3
Participants: 6
Smoking Habit
5 out of 7 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke2
Do not smoke5
Participants: 7
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never2
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day1
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month1
Participants: 4
Well-being
4 out of 6 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months4
No significant pain in the last 3 months2
Participants: 6
Profession
Student is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Student2
Work in a Hospital1
Other1
Participants: 3
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week2
Twice a week0
Five times a week0
Everyday2
Participants: 4
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MedlinePlus Hidradenitis Suppurativa - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. MAYO CLINIC Hidradenitis suppurativa - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Wikipedia Hidradenitis suppurativa - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. NIH hidradenitis suppurativa: - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/28/2017.
This page provides information for Hidradenitis Suppurativa in English.

Related Topics - Hidradenitis Suppurativa

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