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Hepatitis C

Also called: HCV
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Your liver is the largest organ inside your body. It helps your body digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis C, is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It usually spreads through contact with infected blood. It can also spread through sex with an infected person and from mother to baby during childbirth.

Most people who are infected with hepatitis C don't have any symptoms for years. If you do get symptoms, you may feel as if you have the flu. You may also have jaundice, a yellowing of skin and eyes, dark-colored urine, and pale bowel movements. A blood test can tell if you have it. Usually, hepatitis C does not get better by itself. The infection can last a lifetime and may lead to cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or liver cancer. Medicines sometimes help, but side effects can be a problem. Serious cases may need a liver transplant.

There is no vaccine for HCV.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Hepatitis C

The following features are indicative of Hepatitis C:
  • fever
  • dark urine
  • abdominal pain
  • yellow tinged skin
  • weight loss
  • muscle pain
  • joint pain
  • decreased appetite
  • fatigue
It is possible that Hepatitis C shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1

Common Causes of Hepatitis C

The following are the most common causes of Hepatitis C:
  • hepatitis C virus
References: 1, 2

Risk Factors of Hepatitis C

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hepatitis C:
  • injection drug users
  • hemodialysis patients
  • health care workers injured by needlesticks
  • HIV-infected persons
  • children born to mothers infected with the Hepatitis C virus
  • sexual contact with a person who is infected with the Hepatitis C virus
  • sharing personal care items

Prevention of Hepatitis C

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hepatitis C. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • hand washing
  • safe handling and disposal of sharps and waste
  • training of health personnel
  • use of condoms
References: 3

Occurrence of Hepatitis C

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Hepatitis C cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hepatitis C most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Hepatitis C most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 1

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hepatitis C

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hepatitis C:
  • Blood test: To screen for hepatitis C infection
  • Magnetic resonance elastography: To view the gradients of stiffness throughout the liver
  • Transient elastography: To measures the speed of their dispersal through liver tissue to estimate its stiffness
  • Liver biopsy: To know the causes of liver disease
References: 1, 4

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hepatitis C

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hepatitis C:
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Infectious disease specialist

Complications of Hepatitis C if Untreated

It is not know if Hepatitis C causes complications if left untreated.
References: 1

Procedures for Treatment of Hepatitis C

The following procedures are used to treat Hepatitis C:
  • Liver transplantation: Remove the damaged liver and replaces it with a healthy liver
References: 5

Self-care for Hepatitis C

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hepatitis C:
  • Avoid sharing personal items: Helps in preventing the spread of hepatitis B and C from one person to another
  • Avoid alcohol consumption: Helps in preventing hepatitis and cirrhosis
References: 6, 7

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hepatitis C

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hepatitis C:
  • Physical activity: Helps in recovering the disease
References: 7

Patient Support for Treatment of Hepatitis C

The following actions may help Hepatitis C patients:
  • Join support groups: Helps you learn about the latest treatments and coping with the disease
References: 6

Time for Treatment of Hepatitis C

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hepatitis C to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year
References: 8

Is Hepatitis C Infectious?

Yes, Hepatitis C is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • blood contact
  • intravenous drug use
  • poorly sterilized medical equipment
  • needlestick injuries in healthcare
  • blood transfusions
References: 1

Questions - Hepatitis C

News and Updates

Latest news and updates related to Hepatitis C. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

Wednesday, January 17, 2018 -- Case report: After initiation of ledipasvir-sofosbuvir, HCV RNA decreased, and skin lesions improved

Monday, January 08, 2018 -- Collaboration with local specialty pharmacy linked to reduced delays in therapy, lower rates of denial

Friday, January 05, 2018 -- HCV treatment should be offered to PWID, irrespective of ongoing drug use. Recent injection drug use should not be used as a reason to withhold reimbursement of HCV therapy.

Friday, January 05, 2018 -- MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jagpreet Chhatwal, PhD Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School MGH Institute for Technology Assessment Boston, MA  MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? Response: The number of patients who are in need of liver transplant continues to … Continue reading →

Monday, December 25, 2017 -- The American Society of Transplantation has reached a consensus on how the treatment of hepatitis C virus with direct-acting antivirals could enable organ transplantations to HCV-negative recipients.

Demographic Information - Hepatitis C

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Hepatitis C. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
4 out of 5 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female1
Male4
Other0
Participants: 5
Age
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
Users Percentile
< 212
21-303
30-401
40-500
50+1
Participants: 7
Marital Status
Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
Users Percentile
Married or domestic partnership1
Participants: 1
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Hepatitis B.
Users Percentile
Hepatitis B2
High blood pressure1
Diabetes1
Participants: 4
Body Weight
3 out of 6 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight3
Not overweight3
Participants: 6
Smoking Habit
4 out of 6 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke2
Do not smoke4
Participants: 6
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never3
One drink a day1
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day1
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 5
Well-being
2 out of 5 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months2
No significant pain in the last 3 months3
Participants: 5
Profession
Student is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Student2
Entrepreneur1
Work in a Hospital1
House Maker1
Other2
Participants: 5
Routine Health Check-ups
1 out of 1 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
Users Percentile
Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations0
Participants: 1
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
1 out of 1 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
Users Percentile
Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis1
No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis0
Participants: 1
Immunization
1 out of 1 users report that they are have received immunization.
Users Percentile
Yes, received immunization1
No, not received immunization0
Participants: 1
Supplements
1 out of 1 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
Users Percentile
Yes, taking supplements1
No, not taking supplements0
Participants: 1
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week3
Twice a week0
Five times a week0
Everyday1
Participants: 4
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables 'Everyday'.
Users Percentile
Everyday1
Participants: 1
Healthy Food Choices
Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Always'.
Users Percentile
Always1
Participants: 1
Eating Out
Users most commonly report to eat out 'Everyday'.
Users Percentile
Everyday1
Participants: 1
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
0 out of 1 users report that they are on a special diet.
Users Percentile
Yes, on a special diet0
No, not on a special diet1
Participants: 1
Housing Type
Users most commonly report that they live in a 'House'.
Users Percentile
House1
Participants: 1
Own Home
1 out of 1 users report that they own a home.
Users Percentile
Yes, own a home1
No, do not own a home0
Participants: 1
Non-emergency Visits
Users most commonly report that they go to 'Hospital' for their non-emergency health issues.
Users Percentile
Hospital1
Participants: 1
Medicine Source
Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Hospital'.
Users Percentile
Hospital1
Participants: 1

References

  1. Wikipedia Hepatitis C - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. CDC Viral Hepatitis - Hepatitis C Information - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. WHO Hepatitis C - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. MAYO CLINIC Hepatitis C - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. MAYO CLINIC Hepatitis C - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MedlinePlus Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Wikipedia Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Wikipedia Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/14/2018.
This page provides information for Hepatitis C in English.

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