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Hepatitis A

Also called: HAV
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Your liver is the largest organ inside your body. It helps your body digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis A, is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The disease spreads through contact with an infected person's stool. You can get it from

  • Eating food made by an infected person who did not wash their hands after using the bathroom
  • Drinking untreated water or eating food washed in untreated water
  • Putting into your mouth a finger or object that came into contact with an infected person's stool
  • Having close contact with an infected person, such as through sex or caring for someone who is ill

Most people do not have any symptoms. If you do have symptoms, you may feel as if you have the flu. You may also have yellowish eyes and skin, called jaundice. A blood test will show if you have HAV.

HAV usually gets better in a few weeks without treatment. However, some people can have symptoms for up to 6 months. Your doctor may suggest medicines to help relieve your symptoms.

The hepatitis A vaccine can prevent HAV. Good hygiene can also help. Wash your hands thoroughly before preparing food, after using the toilet, or after changing a diaper. International travelers should be careful about drinking tap water.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Hepatitis A

The following features are indicative of Hepatitis A:
  • fatigue
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • abdominal pain or discomfort
  • clay-colored bowel movements
  • loss of appetite
  • low-grade fever
  • dark urine
  • joint pain
  • yellowing of the skin and eyes
It is possible that Hepatitis A shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1

Common Causes of Hepatitis A

The following are the most common causes of Hepatitis A:
  • drinking contaminated water
  • eating raw shellfish from water polluted with sewage
  • close contact with infected patient
  • having sex with virus infected patient
  • contaminated food
References: 1, 2

Risk Factors of Hepatitis A

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hepatitis A:
  • poor sanitation
  • lack of safe water
  • use of recreational drugs
  • living in a household with an infected patient
  • men who have sex with men
  • patients with clotting disorders
  • travelers to endemic regions

Prevention of Hepatitis A

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hepatitis A. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • practicing good hygiene
  • washing hands frequently
  • get vaccinated against hepatitis A
References: 1

Occurrence of Hepatitis A

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Hepatitis A cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hepatitis A most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Hepatitis A most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 3

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hepatitis A

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hepatitis A:
  • Blood tests: To detect the presence of hepatitis A in the body
References: 4, 5

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hepatitis A

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hepatitis A:
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Infectious disease specialist
  • General practitioner

Complications of Hepatitis A if Untreated

Yes, Hepatitis A causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hepatitis A is left untreated:
  • loss of liver function
References: 1

Procedures for Treatment of Hepatitis A

The following procedures are used to treat Hepatitis A:
  • Intravenous (IV) hydration: To treat Hepatitis A
  • Supportive therapy: Helps in treating Hepatitis A
  • Liver transplant: Treat hepatitis
References: 6

Self-care for Hepatitis A

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hepatitis A:
  • Maintain adequate nutrition: Helps in preventing Hepatitis A
  • Rest: Helps in coping with your signs and symptoms of Hepatitis A
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after using the toilet: Lowers the risk of passing hepatitis A to others
  • Avoid alcohol consumption: Helps in preventing hepatitis and cirrhosis
References: 6, 7

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hepatitis A

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hepatitis A:
  • Physical activity: Helps in recovering the disease
References: 4

Patient Support for Treatment of Hepatitis A

The following actions may help Hepatitis A patients:
  • Join support groups: Helps you learn about the latest treatments and coping with the disease
References: 8

Time for Treatment of Hepatitis A

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hepatitis A to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months
References: 7

Is Hepatitis A Infectious?

Yes, Hepatitis A is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • contaminated food and water
  • direct contact with infected patient
References: 1

Related Topics - Hepatitis A

Questions - Hepatitis A

News and Updates

Latest news and updates related to Hepatitis A. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

Thursday, January 11, 2018 -- Two vaccines that the World Health Organization lists as priority vaccines for prequalification and that are made by Chinese vaccine manufacturers – bivalent Oral Poliomyelitis Vaccine (bOPV) and hepatitis A vaccine (HAV) – have just received prequalification by WHO. Prequalification means that WHO has given the vaccine its stamp of approval in safety and efficacy […] The post Polio and Hepatitis A vaccines made in China are prequalified by WHO appeared first on Outbreak News Today.

Wednesday, January 03, 2018 -- The current flu season has produced a new-case rate five times higher than the prior three-year-average.

Thursday, December 21, 2017 -- Hepatitis A outbreaks have been reported throughout Europe in 2017 with several EU countries reporting large increases in hepatitis A cases compared to previous years, mainly affecting men who have sex with men. Poland has seen a huge increase in cases this year compared to recent previous years. According to a Radio Poland report, there were […] The post Poland: 550 hepatitis A cases reported in Warsaw appeared first on Outbreak News Today.

Friday, December 15, 2017 -- Workers at two more facilities in southeastern Michigan have bene diagnosed with hepatitis A. Workers at the Token Lounge at 28949 Joy Road in Westland have been diagnosed with hepatitis A, according to news reports.  And a worker at Jet’s Pizza at 15235 East Seven Mile Road near Hayes in Detroit was also diagnosed with […] The post Hepatitis A Diagnosed in More Restaurant Workers in the Detroit, Michigan Area appeared first on Food Poisoning Bulletin.

Thursday, December 14, 2017 -- Officials with the Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Maine CDC) report seeing an increase in hepatitis A cases in recent months.  During the past three months, four cases have been reported. While this increase in cases is unusual for this length of time, the overall number of hepatitis A cases in Maine for 2017 […] The post Maine reports recent increase in hepatitis A appeared first on Outbreak News Today.

Demographic Information - Hepatitis A

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Hepatitis A. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
No data has been collected for this survey
Age
The most common user is 40-50 years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-300
30-400
40-501
50+0
Participants: 1
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
No data has been collected for this survey
Body Weight
No data has been collected for this survey
Smoking Habit
1 out of 1 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke0
Do not smoke1
Participants: 1
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Well-being
No data has been collected for this survey
Profession
Doctor is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Doctor1
Participants: 1
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MAYO CLINIC Hepatitis A - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. WHO Hepatitis A - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Wikipedia Hepatitis A - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Wikipedia Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. MAYO CLINIC Hepatitis A - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. Wikipedia Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. MAYO CLINIC Hepatitis A - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. MedlinePlus Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 11/28/2017.
This page provides information for Hepatitis A in English.

Related Topics - Hepatitis A

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