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Hepatitis

Also called: Viral hepatitis
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Your liver is the largest organ inside your body. It helps your body digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver.

Viruses cause most cases of hepatitis. The type of hepatitis is named for the virus that causes it; for example, hepatitis A, hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Drug or alcohol use can also cause hepatitis. In other cases, your body mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the liver.

Some people who have hepatitis have no symptoms. Others may have

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark-colored urine and pale bowel movements
  • Stomach pain
  • Jaundice, yellowing of skin and eyes

Some forms of hepatitis are mild, and others can be serious. Some can lead to scarring, called cirrhosis, or to liver cancer.

Sometimes hepatitis goes away by itself. If it does not, it can be treated with drugs. Sometimes hepatitis lasts a lifetime. Vaccines can help prevent some viral forms.

Symptoms of Hepatitis

The following features are indicative of Hepatitis:
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • dark-colored urine
  • pale bowel movements
  • stomach pain
  • jaundice
  • yellowing of skin and eyes
It is possible that Hepatitis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1

Common Causes of Hepatitis

The following are the most common causes of Hepatitis:
  • alcohol use
  • drugs use
  • viruses
  • toxins
  • other infections
  • autoimmune diseases
References: 1, 2

Risk Factors of Hepatitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hepatitis:
  • alcohol intake
  • impaired immune response
  • patients with poor sanitary habits
  • patients with liver disease
  • illicit drug users
  • age
  • travelers to endemic regions
  • men who have sex with men
  • patients with clotting disorders
  • intravenous drug users
  • organ transplant patients
  • dialysis patients

Prevention of Hepatitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hepatitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • access to clean water
  • get vaccinated against hepatitis
  • proper handling of sewage
  • screening blood prior to transfusion
  • abstaining from the use of injection drugs
  • safe needle and sharps practices in healthcare settings
  • avoid alcohol consumption
References: 3

Occurrence of Hepatitis

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Hepatitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hepatitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Hepatitis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 2

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hepatitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hepatitis:
  • Alanine aminotransferase test: To detect liver injury
  • Aspartate aminotransferase test: To detect the liver damage
  • Liver panel: To screen for liver damage
  • Blood tests: To diagnose hepatitis
References: 2, 4

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hepatitis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hepatitis:
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Infectious disease specialist

Complications of Hepatitis if Untreated

Yes, Hepatitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hepatitis is left untreated:
  • cirrhosis
  • liver cancer
References: 1

Procedures for Treatment of Hepatitis

The following procedures are used to treat Hepatitis:
  • Liver transplant: Treat hepatitis
References: 2

Self-care for Hepatitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hepatitis:
  • Avoid sharing personal items: Helps in preventing the spread of hepatitis B and C from one person to another
  • Maintain adequate nutrition: Helps in preventing Hepatitis A
  • Rest: Helps in coping with your signs and symptoms of Hepatitis A
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after using the toilet: Lowers the risk of passing hepatitis A to others
  • Avoid alcohol consumption: Helps in preventing hepatitis and cirrhosis
References: 5, 6, 7

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hepatitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hepatitis:
  • Physical activity: Helps in recovering the disease
References: 2

Patient Support for Treatment of Hepatitis

The following actions may help Hepatitis patients:
  • Join support groups: Helps you learn about the latest treatments and coping with the disease
References: 7

Time for Treatment of Hepatitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hepatitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year
References: 5

Is Hepatitis Infectious?

Yes, Hepatitis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • contaminated food and water
  • infected blood
  • needle sharing
  • from mother to fetus
  • oral-fecal route
References: 2

Questions - Hepatitis

Demographic Information - Hepatitis

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Hepatitis. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
7 out of 10 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female3
Male7
Other0
Participants: 10
Age
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
Users Percentile
< 211
21-305
30-400
40-500
50+1
Participants: 7
Marital Status
Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
Users Percentile
Married or domestic partnership2
Participants: 2
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Hepatitis B.
Users Percentile
Hepatitis B4
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)2
Back pain1
High blood pressure1
Participants: 8
Body Weight
3 out of 8 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight3
Not overweight5
Participants: 8
Smoking Habit
7 out of 12 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke5
Do not smoke7
Participants: 12
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never3
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day1
Once a week2
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 6
Well-being
0 out of 4 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months0
No significant pain in the last 3 months4
Participants: 4
Profession
Engineer, IT or Software is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Engineer, IT or Software1
Shop keeper1
Work in a Hospital1
Accountant1
Student1
Other2
Participants: 5
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
1 out of 2 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
Users Percentile
Yes, taking supplements1
No, not taking supplements1
Participants: 2
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise everyday.
Users Percentile
Once a week3
Twice a week0
Five times a week1
Everyday4
Participants: 8
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
Users most commonly report that they eat fast food '1-3 times per week'.
Users Percentile
1-3 times per week1
Participants: 1
Special Diet
1 out of 1 users report that they are on a special diet.
Users Percentile
Yes, on a special diet1
No, not on a special diet0
Participants: 1
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
1 out of 1 users report that they own a home.
Users Percentile
Yes, own a home1
No, do not own a home0
Participants: 1
Non-emergency Visits
Users most commonly report that they go to 'Hospital' for their non-emergency health issues.
Users Percentile
Hospital1
Participants: 1
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MedlinePlus Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. Wikipedia Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Wikipedia Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. MedlinePlus Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Wikipedia Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MAYO CLINIC Hepatitis A - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. MedlinePlus Hepatitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/18/2018.
This page provides information for Hepatitis in English.

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