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Hemorrhagic Fevers

Also called: VHFs
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a group of illnesses caused by four families of viruses. These include the Ebola and Marburg, Lassa fever, and yellow fever viruses. VHFs have common features: they affect many organs, they damage the blood vessels, and they affect the body's ability to regulate itself. Some VHFs cause mild disease, but some, like Ebola or Marburg, cause severe disease and death.

VHFs are found around the world. Specific diseases are usually limited to areas where the animals that carry them live. For example, Lassa fever is limited to rural areas of West Africa where rats and mice carry the virus.

The risk for travelers is low, but you should avoid visiting areas where there are disease outbreaks. Because there are no effective treatments for some of these viral infections, there is concern about their use in bioterrorism.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Symptoms of Hemorrhagic Fevers

The following features are indicative of Hemorrhagic Fevers:
  • high fever
  • fatigue
  • dizziness
  • bone ache
  • joint aches
  • weakness
  • bleeding
  • swelling
  • low blood pressure
  • shock
  • malaise
  • muscle pain
  • headache
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • coma
  • sepsis
  • delirium
  • kidney failure
  • respiratory fever
  • liver failure
References: 1, 2

Common Causes of Hemorrhagic Fevers

The following are the most common causes of Hemorrhagic Fevers:
  • viruses of animal and insect hosts
References: 1

Risk Factors of Hemorrhagic Fevers

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hemorrhagic Fevers:
  • slaughtering infected animals
  • sharing needles to use intravenous drugs
  • having unprotected sex
  • working outdoors
  • working with the sick

Prevention of Hemorrhagic Fevers

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hemorrhagic Fevers. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • prevent rodent infestations in home
  • avoid mosquitoes and ticks
  • using appropriate protective barriers during contact with blood or body fluids
References: 1

Occurrence of Hemorrhagic Fevers

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Hemorrhagic Fevers cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hemorrhagic Fevers most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Hemorrhagic Fevers most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 3, 4

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hemorrhagic Fevers

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hemorrhagic Fevers:
  • Blood tests: To diagnose the viral hemorrhagic fevers
References: 1, 5

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hemorrhagic Fevers

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hemorrhagic Fevers:
  • Infectious disease specialist

Complications of Hemorrhagic Fevers if Untreated

Yes, Hemorrhagic Fevers causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hemorrhagic Fevers is left untreated:
  • brain damage
  • eyes damage
  • heart damage
  • kidneys damage
  • liver damage
  • lung damage
  • spleen damage
  • can be fatal
References: 1

Procedures for Treatment of Hemorrhagic Fevers

The following procedures are used to treat Hemorrhagic Fevers:
  • Kidney dialysis: To eliminate wastes from your blood
References: 6

Self-care for Hemorrhagic Fevers

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hemorrhagic Fevers:
  • Avoid mosquitoes and ticks: Helps in preventing viral hemorrhagic fevers
  • Dispose of garbage on a regular basis: To prevent rodent infestations in your home
References: 6

Patient Support for Treatment of Hemorrhagic Fevers

The following actions may help Hemorrhagic Fevers patients:
  • Supportive care: To prevent dehydration
References: 6

Is Hemorrhagic Fevers Infectious?

Yes, Hemorrhagic Fevers is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • direct contact
  • infected blood
  • infected semen
  • mosquito or tick bites
References: 1

Related Topics - Hemorrhagic Fevers

Questions - Hemorrhagic Fevers

Demographic Information - Hemorrhagic Fevers

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Hemorrhagic Fevers. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
1 out of 2 users are female.
Users Percentile
Female1
Male1
Other0
Participants: 2
Age
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-302
30-400
40-500
50+0
Participants: 2
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Chronic kidney disease.
Users Percentile
Chronic kidney disease1
Colorectal cancer1
Participants: 2
Body Weight
0 out of 1 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight0
Not overweight1
Participants: 1
Smoking Habit
2 out of 2 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke0
Do not smoke2
Participants: 2
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never1
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 1
Well-being
1 out of 1 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months1
No significant pain in the last 3 months0
Participants: 1
Profession
No data has been collected for this survey
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week1
Twice a week0
Five times a week0
Everyday1
Participants: 2
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MAYO CLINIC Viral hemorrhagic fevers - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. Wikipedia Viral hemorrhagic fever - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. James W. LeDuc Epidemiology of Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. North Carolina Government - nc[dot]gov Hemorrhagic Fever - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Wikipedia Viral hemorrhagic fever - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MAYO CLINIC Viral hemorrhagic fevers - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 11/28/2017.
This page provides information for Hemorrhagic Fevers in English.

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