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Haemophilus Infections

अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Haemophilus is the name of a group of bacteria. There are several types of Haemophilus. They can cause different types of illnesses involving breathing, bones and joints, and the nervous system.

One common type, Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b), causes serious disease. It usually strikes children under 5 years old. Your child can get Hib disease by being around other children or adults who may have the bacteria and not know it. The germs spread from person to person. If the germs stay in the child's nose and throat, the child probably will not get sick. But sometimes the germs spread into the lungs or the bloodstream, and then Hib can cause serious problems such as meningitis and pneumonia.

Treatment is with antibiotics. There is a vaccine to prevent Hib disease. All children younger than 5 years of age should be vaccinated with the Hib vaccine.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Symptoms of Haemophilus Infections

The following features are indicative of Haemophilus Infections:
  • fever
  • chills
  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • difficulty in breathing
  • sweating
  • chest pain
  • headache
  • muscle pain or aches
  • excessive tiredness
It is possible that Haemophilus Infections shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1, 2

Common Causes of Haemophilus Infections

The following are the most common causes of Haemophilus Infections:
  • bacterium Haemophilus influenzae
References: 1

Risk Factors of Haemophilus Infections

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Haemophilus Infections:
  • babies and children younger than five years old
  • adults 65 years or older
  • sickle cell disease
  • Asplenia
  • HIV infection
  • antibody and complement deficiency syndromes
  • receipt of chemotherapy or radiation therapy for malignant neoplasms
  • receipt of hematopoietic stem cell

Prevention of Haemophilus Infections

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Haemophilus Infections. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccination
References: 3

Occurrence of Haemophilus Infections

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Haemophilus Infections cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Haemophilus Infections most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Haemophilus Infections most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 4, 5

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Haemophilus Infections

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Haemophilus Infections:
  • Blood Fluid test: To see the presence of bacteria in the blood
References: 6, 7

Doctor for Diagnosis of Haemophilus Infections

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Haemophilus Infections:
  • Neurologist
  • Infectious disease specialist
  • Emergency room physician

Complications of Haemophilus Infections if Untreated

Yes, Haemophilus Infections causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Haemophilus Infections is left untreated:
  • meningitis
  • blood infection
  • can be fatal
References: 8

Self-care for Haemophilus Infections

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Haemophilus Infections:
  • Wash hands thoroughly: Careful hand-washing helps prevent germs
  • Practice good hygiene: Don't share drinks, foods, straws, eating utensils, lip balms or toothbrushes with anyone else
  • Diet: Eat healthy food
  • Cover your mouth: Cover your nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing
  • Smoking: Avoid cigarette smoke
References: 9, 10

Time for Treatment of Haemophilus Infections

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Haemophilus Infections to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks
References: 11

Is Haemophilus Infections Infectious?

Yes, Haemophilus Infections is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • spread by contact
References: 12

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References

  1. CDC Haemophilus influenzae Disease (Including Hib) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. CDC Haemophilus influenzae Disease (Including Hib) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. CDC Haemophilus influenzae Disease (Including Hib) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. CDC Haemophilus influenzae Disease (Including Hib) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. WHO Haemophilus influenzae type B Disease Burden - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. Mayo Clinic Meningitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Mayo Clinic Epiglottitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. CDC Haemophilus influenzae Disease (Including Hib) Diagnosis, Treatment, and Complications - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. Mayo Clinic Meningitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. CDC Bacterial Meningitis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  11. CDC Haemophilus influenzae Disease (Including Hib) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  12. MedlinePlus Haemophilus Infections - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  13. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 11/28/2017.
This page provides information for Haemophilus Infections in English.

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