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Gout

Also called: Gouty arthritis
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Gout is a common, painful form of arthritis. It causes swollen, red, hot and stiff joints.

Gout happens when uric acid builds up in your body. Uric acid comes from the breakdown of substances called purines. Purines are in your body's tissues and in foods, such as liver, dried beans and peas, and anchovies. Normally, uric acid dissolves in the blood. It passes through the kidneys and out of the body in urine. But sometimes uric acid can build up and form needle-like crystals. When they form in your joints, it is very painful. The crystals can also cause kidney stones.

Often, gout first attacks your big toe. It can also attack ankles, heels, knees, wrists, fingers, and elbows. At first, gout attacks usually get better in days. Eventually, attacks last longer and happen more often.

You are more likely to get gout if you

  • Are a man
  • Have family member with gout
  • Are overweight
  • Drink alcohol
  • Eat too many foods rich in purines

Gout can be hard to diagnose. Your doctor may take a sample of fluid from an inflamed joint to look for crystals. You can treat gout with medicines.

Pseudogout has similar symptoms and is sometimes confused with gout. However, it is caused by calcium phosphate, not uric acid.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Gout

The following features are indicative of Gout:
  • intense joint pain
  • joint discomfort
  • swollen joints
  • decreased joint mobility
  • fatigue
  • high fever
  • tenderness
  • redness
  • inflammation
It is possible that Gout shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1, 2, 3

Common Causes of Gout

The following are the most common causes of Gout:
  • hyperuricemia
  • genetics
  • alcohol consumption
  • diet
  • other health problems
  • medications
References: 4, 5

Other Causes of Gout

The following are the less common causes of Gout:
  • other health problems
  • medications
References: 4, 5

Risk Factors of Gout

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Gout:
  • genetics
  • gender
  • age
  • alcohol consumption
  • lead exposure
  • diet
  • other health problems
  • medications

Prevention of Gout

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Gout. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid alcohol consumption
  • high fluid intake
  • low-fat dairy products
  • maintain healthy weight
  • limit the intake of meat, fish and poultry products
References: 6

Occurrence of Gout

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Gout cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Gout most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 15-60 years

Common Gender

Gout most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 4

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Gout

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Gout:
  • Joint fluid test: To reveal the urate crystals
  • Blood test: To measure the levels of uric acid and creatinine in the blood
  • X-ray imaging: To evaluate the causes of joint inflammation
  • Ultrasound: To detect the urate crystals in a joint or in a tophus
  • Dual energy computed tomography scan: To detect the presence of urate crystals in a joint
References: 2

Doctor for Diagnosis of Gout

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Gout:
  • Rheumatologist

Complications of Gout if Untreated

Yes, Gout causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Gout is left untreated:
  • joint damage
  • worsening pain
  • increased risk of hypertension
  • diabetes mellitus
  • metabolic syndrome
  • chronic gout with destruction of joint surfaces
  • joint deformity
  • painless tophi
  • chronic kidney dysfunction
References: 2

Self-care for Gout

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Gout:
  • Limiting alcoholic beverages and drinks: Reduces the chances of having disease
  • Limit intake of foods high in purines: Avoid eating red meat, organ meats and seafood
  • Exercising regularly and losing weight: Keeping the body at a healthy weight reduces the risk of gout
References: 2

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Gout

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Gout:
  • Coffee: Helps in lowering the uric acid levels
  • Vitamin C supplements: Reduces the levels of uric acid in the blood
  • Cherries: Lower levels of uric acid
References: 2

Patient Support for Treatment of Gout

The following actions may help Gout patients:
  • Join a self-management education class: Gives confidence and skills to manage your gout
References: 3

Time for Treatment of Gout

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Gout to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced
References: 3

Related Topics - Gout

Questions - Gout

Demographic Information - Gout

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Gout. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
19 out of 26 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female7
Male19
Other0
Participants: 26
Age
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
Users Percentile
< 211
21-306
30-406
40-504
50+6
Participants: 23
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Other.
Users Percentile
Asthma2
Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)1
High blood pressure1
Back pain1
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)1
High cholesterol1
Other3
Participants: 10
Body Weight
10 out of 23 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight10
Not overweight13
Participants: 23
Smoking Habit
18 out of 25 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke7
Do not smoke18
Participants: 25
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never7
One drink a day1
Two drinks a day1
More than two drinks a day3
Once a week3
Twice a week1
Once a month1
Participants: 17
Well-being
9 out of 17 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months9
No significant pain in the last 3 months8
Participants: 17
Profession
Engineer, IT or Software is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Engineer, IT or Software4
Doctor2
Work in a Start up1
Retired1
Work in a Hospital1
Government service1
Other8
Participants: 16
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week11
Twice a week1
Five times a week4
Everyday1
Participants: 17
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Hospital'.
Users Percentile
Hospital1
Participants: 1

References

  1. Wikipedia Gout - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. MAYO CLINIC Gout - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. CDC Gout - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Wikipedia Gout - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. NIH Gout - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MAYO CLINIC Gout - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/13/2018.
This page provides information for Gout in English.

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