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Fractures

Also called: Broken bone
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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A fracture is a break, usually in a bone. If the broken bone punctures the skin, it is called an open or compound fracture. Fractures commonly happen because of car accidents, falls, or sports injuries. Other causes are low bone density and osteoporosis, which cause weakening of the bones. Overuse can cause stress fractures, which are very small cracks in the bone.

Symptoms of a fracture are

  • Intense pain
  • Deformity - the limb looks out of place
  • Swelling, bruising, or tenderness around the injury
  • Numbness and tingling
  • Problems moving a limb

You need to get medical care right away for any fracture. An x-ray can tell if your bone is broken. You may need to wear a cast or splint. Sometimes you need surgery to put in plates, pins or screws to keep the bone in place.

Symptoms of Fractures

The following features are indicative of Fractures:
  • intense pain
  • deformity in the limb
  • swelling, bruising or tenderness around the injury
  • numbness
  • tingling
  • problems moving a limb
It is possible that Fractures shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1, 2

Common Causes of Fractures

The following are the most common causes of Fractures:
  • low bone density
  • osteoporosis
  • car accidents
  • falls
  • sports injuries
References: 1, 3

Risk Factors of Fractures

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Fractures:
  • certain sports
  • foot problems
  • weakened bones
  • previous stress fractures
  • lack of nutrients

Prevention of Fractures

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Fractures. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • start any new exercise slowly
  • use proper footwear
  • get proper nutrition
References: 4

Occurrence of Fractures

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Fractures cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Fractures most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Fractures most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 5, 6

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Fractures

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Fractures:
  • Bone Scan: To diagnose the several types of bone disease
  • Bone X-Ray (Radiography): To diagnose the fractured bones or joint dislocation
References: 1, 7

Doctor for Diagnosis of Fractures

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Fractures:
  • Orthopedician
  • Emergency Physician

Complications of Fractures if Untreated

Yes, Fractures causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Fractures is left untreated:
  • chronic pain
  • higher risk of additional stress fractures
References: 3

Procedures for Treatment of Fractures

The following procedures are used to treat Fractures:
  • Surgery: Ensure the complete healing of some types of stress fractures
References: 3

Self-care for Fractures

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Fractures:
  • Rest: Stay off the affected limb and do not bear normal weight until you are totally healed
  • Ice therapy: Reduces swelling and relieve pain
  • Resume activity slowly: Slowly progress from non weight-bearing activities to your usual activities
References: 3

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Fractures

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Fractures:
  • Shock wave therapy: Enhances the bone repair process
References: 8

Time for Treatment of Fractures

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Fractures to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months
References: 9

Questions - Fractures

Demographic Information - Fractures

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Fractures. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
10 out of 10 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female0
Male10
Other0
Participants: 10
Age
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
Users Percentile
< 212
21-303
30-401
40-502
50+2
Participants: 10
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Angina.
Users Percentile
Angina1
Hepatitis B1
High blood pressure1
Participants: 3
Body Weight
0 out of 8 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight0
Not overweight8
Participants: 8
Smoking Habit
7 out of 9 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke2
Do not smoke7
Participants: 9
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never3
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day2
Once a week1
Twice a week1
Once a month1
Participants: 8
Well-being
4 out of 7 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months4
No significant pain in the last 3 months3
Participants: 7
Profession
Retired is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Retired1
Engineer, IT or Software1
Shop keeper1
Sales1
Accountant1
Pharmacist1
Other2
Participants: 6
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week4
Twice a week1
Five times a week0
Everyday2
Participants: 7
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
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Healthy Food Choices
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Eating Out
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Fast Food Frequency
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Special Diet
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Housing Type
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Own Home
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Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MedlinePlus Fractures - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. El maghraoui A, Rezqi A, Mounach A, Achemlal L, Bezza A, Ghozlani I. Systematic vertebral fracture assessment in asymptomatic postmenopausal women. Bone. 2013;52(1):176-80. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Stress fractures - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Stress fractures - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Wikipedia Stress fracture - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. International Osteoporosis Foundation FACTS AND STATISTICS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Wikipedia Stress fracture - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Longhino V, Bonora C, Sansone V. The management of sacral stress fractures: current concepts. Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab. 2011;8(3):19-23. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. Kahanov L, Eberman LE, Games KE, Wasik M. Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of stress fractures in the lower extremity in runners. Open Access J Sports Med. 2015;6:87-95. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/24/2017.
This page provides information for Fractures in English.

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