Also called: Broken bone
    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    A fracture is a break, usually in a bone. If the broken bone punctures the skin, it is called an open or compound fracture. Fractures commonly happen because of car accidents, falls, or sports injuries. Other causes are low bone density and osteoporosis, which cause weakening of the bones. Overuse can cause stress fractures, which are very small cracks in the bone.

    Symptoms of a fracture are

    • Intense pain
    • Deformity - the limb looks out of place
    • Swelling, bruising, or tenderness around the injury
    • Numbness and tingling
    • Problems moving a limb

    You need to get medical care right away for any fracture. An x-ray can tell if your bone is broken. You may need to wear a cast or splint. Sometimes you need surgery to put in plates, pins or screws to keep the bone in place.

    Symptoms of Fractures

    The following features are indicative of Fractures:
    • intense pain
    • deformity in the limb
    • swelling, bruising or tenderness around the injury
    • numbness
    • tingling
    • problems moving a limb
    It is possible that Fractures shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1, 2

    Common Causes of Fractures

    The following are the most common causes of Fractures:
    • low bone density
    • osteoporosis
    • car accidents
    • falls
    • sports injuries
    References: 1, 3

    Risk Factors of Fractures

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Fractures:
    • certain sports
    • foot problems
    • weakened bones
    • previous stress fractures
    • lack of nutrients

    Prevention of Fractures

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Fractures. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • start any new exercise slowly
    • use proper footwear
    • get proper nutrition
    References: 4

    Occurrence of Fractures.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Fractures cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Fractures most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Fractures most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 5, 6

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Fractures

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Fractures:
    • Bone Scan: To diagnose the several types of bone disease
    • Bone X-Ray (Radiography): To diagnose the fractured bones or joint dislocation
    References: 1, 7

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Fractures:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Fractures:
    • Orthopedician
    • Emergency Physician

    Complications of Fractures if Untreated

    Yes, Fractures causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Fractures is left untreated:
    • chronic pain
    • higher risk of additional stress fractures
    References: 3

    Procedures for Treatment of Fractures

    The following procedures are used to treat Fractures:
    • Surgery: Ensure the complete healing of some types of stress fractures
    References: 3

    Self-care for Fractures

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Fractures:
    • Do rest: Stay off the affected limb and do not bear normal weight until you are totally healed
    • Do ice therapy: Reduces swelling and relieve pain
    • Resume activity slowly: Slowly progress from non weight-bearing activities to your usual activities
    References: 3

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Fractures

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Fractures:
    • Shock wave therapy: Enhances the bone repair process
    References: 8

    Time for Treatment of Fractures

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Fractures to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 3 - 6 months
    References: 9

    Questions - Fractures


    1. MedlinePlus Fractures - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. El maghraoui A, Rezqi A, Mounach A, Achemlal L, Bezza A, Ghozlani I. Systematic vertebral fracture assessment in asymptomatic postmenopausal women. Bone. 2013;52(1):176-80. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Stress fractures - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Stress fractures - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Wikipedia Stress fracture - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. International Osteoporosis Foundation FACTS AND STATISTICS - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Wikipedia Stress fracture - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Longhino V, Bonora C, Sansone V. The management of sacral stress fractures: current concepts. Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab. 2011;8(3):19-23. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Kahanov L, Eberman LE, Games KE, Wasik M. Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of stress fractures in the lower extremity in runners. Open Access J Sports Med. 2015;6:87-95. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 3/11/2018.
    This page provides information for Fractures.

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