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Female Infertility

अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after at least one year of trying (or 6 months if the woman is over age 35). If a woman keeps having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Female infertility can result from age, physical problems, hormone problems, and lifestyle or environmental factors.

Most cases of infertility in women result from problems with producing eggs. In premature ovarian failure, the ovaries stop functioning before natural menopause. In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries may not release an egg regularly or they may not release a healthy egg.

About a third of the time, infertility is because of a problem with the woman. One third of the time, it is a problem with the man. Sometimes no cause can be found.

If you think you might be infertile, see your doctor. There are tests that may tell if you have fertility problems. When it is possible to find the cause, treatments may include medicines, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies. Happily, many couples treated for infertility are able to have babies.

Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health

Symptoms of Female Infertility

The following features are indicative of Female Infertility:
  • inability to get pregnant
References: 1

Common Causes of Female Infertility

The following are the most common causes of Female Infertility:
  • age
  • tobacco smoking
  • sexually transmitted infections
  • body weight and eating disorders
  • chemotherapy
  • adhesions
References: 1, 2

Other Causes of Female Infertility

The following are the less common causes of Female Infertility:
  • diabetes mellitus
  • coeliac disease
  • liver or kidney disease
  • thrombophilia
  • genetic factors
  • chromosomal abnormalities
  • hypothalamic-pituitary factors
  • ovarian factors
  • tubal or peritoneal factors
  • uterine factors
  • cervical factors
  • vaginal factors
References: 1, 2

Risk Factors of Female Infertility

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Female Infertility:
  • age
  • smoking
  • weight
  • sexual history
  • alcohol

Prevention of Female Infertility

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Female Infertility. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • treat or prevent existing diseases
  • not delaying parenthood
  • egg freezing
References: 2

Occurrence of Female Infertility

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Female Infertility cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Female Infertility most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Female Infertility most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female
References: 2

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Female Infertility

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Female Infertility:
  • Ovulation testing: To detect the surge in luteinizing hormone that occurs before ovulation
  • Hysterosalpingography: To detect abnormalities in the uterine cavity through X-ray
  • Ovarian reserve testing: To check the quantity and quality of eggs available for ovulation
  • Other hormone testing: To measure the levels of ovulatory hormones along with pituitary and thyroid hormones
  • Imaging tests: To diagnose uterine or fallopian tube disease
  • Laparoscopy: To detect blockages, scarring, irregularities, or endometriosis of the fallopian tubes
  • Genetic testing: To find out genetic defects
References: 1, 2

Doctor for Diagnosis of Female Infertility

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Female Infertility:
  • Endocrinologist
  • Urologist

Complications of Female Infertility if Untreated

Yes, Female Infertility causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Female Infertility is left untreated:
  • not able to get pregnant
References: 1, 2

Procedures for Treatment of Female Infertility

The following procedures are used to treat Female Infertility:
  • Laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgery: To remove or correct abnormalities and improve your chances of getting pregnant
  • Tubal surgeries: To remove adhesions, dilate a tube or create a new tubal opening
  • Intrauterine insemination: Improve your chances of pregnancy by placing healthy sperm inside the uterus close to the time of ovulation
  • Assisted reproductive technology: Retrieves mature eggs from a woman, fertilize them with a man's sperm then transfer embryos into the uterus after fertilization
References: 3

Self-care for Female Infertility

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Female Infertility:
  • Avoid smoking: Improves your chances of having normal fertility
  • Reduce stress: Improves the infertility
  • Limit caffeine intake: Raises your chances of having normal fertility
  • Maintain a normal weight: Lowers the risk of ovulation disorders
References: 3

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Female Infertility

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Female Infertility:
  • Exercise moderately: Prevent ovulation disorders
References: 3

Patient Support for Treatment of Female Infertility

The following actions may help Female Infertility patients:
  • Join support groups: Discuss infertility issues with your partner, close family members or friends helps in coping with the disease
References: 3

Time for Treatment of Female Infertility

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Female Infertility to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year
References: 4, 5

Related Topics - Female Infertility

Questions - Female Infertility

No questions have been asked.

Demographic Information - Female Infertility

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Female Infertility. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
4 out of 6 users are female.
Users Percentile
Female4
Male2
Other0
Participants: 6
Age
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-306
30-402
40-500
50+0
Participants: 8
Marital Status
Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
Users Percentile
Married or domestic partnership1
Participants: 1
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Sexually transmitted disease (STD).
Users Percentile
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)2
Insomnia1
Asthma1
Participants: 4
Body Weight
2 out of 6 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight2
Not overweight4
Participants: 6
Smoking Habit
6 out of 6 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke0
Do not smoke6
Participants: 6
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never6
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month1
Participants: 7
Well-being
4 out of 9 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months4
No significant pain in the last 3 months5
Participants: 9
Profession
House Maker is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
House Maker2
Banker1
Other1
Participants: 3
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
'I am healthy and do not need routine health check-ups' is the most commonly reported reason for not receiving routine health checkups.
Users Percentile
I am healthy and do not need routine health check-ups1
Participants: 1
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week2
Twice a week0
Five times a week0
Everyday1
Participants: 3
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables '1-3 times per month'.
Users Percentile
1-3 times per month1
Participants: 1
Healthy Food Choices
Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Most of the time'.
Users Percentile
Most of the time1
Participants: 1
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
Users most commonly report that they live in a 'Apartment'.
Users Percentile
Apartment1
Participants: 1
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Hospital'.
Users Percentile
Hospital1
Participants: 1

References

  1. MAYO CLINIC Female infertility - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. Wikipedia Female infertility - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. MAYO CLINIC Female infertility - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. American Pregnancy Association Female Infertility - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Womenshealth.gov Infertility - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/07/2018.
This page provides information for Female Infertility in English.

Related Topics - Female Infertility

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