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Eye Diseases

अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Some eye problems are minor and don't last long. But some can lead to a permanent loss of vision.

Common eye problems include

Your best defense is to have regular checkups, because eye diseases do not always have symptoms. Early detection and treatment could prevent vision loss. See an eye care professional right away if you have a sudden change in vision, if everything looks dim, or if you see flashes of light. Other symptoms that need quick attention are pain, double vision, fluid coming from the eye, and inflammation.

NIH: National Eye Institute

Symptoms of Eye Diseases

The following features are indicative of Eye Diseases:
  • stinging, burning or scratchy sensation in your eyes
  • stringy mucus in or around your eyes
  • sensitivity to light
  • eye redness
  • sensation of having something in your eyes
  • difficulty wearing contact lenses
  • difficulty with night time driving
  • watery eyes, which is the body's response to the irritation of dry eyes
  • blurred vision or eye fatigue
  • visual distortions
  • reduced central vision in one or both eyes
  • decreased intensity or brightness of colors
  • blind spot or blurry spot in the field of vision
  • general haziness in the overall vision
  • need for brighter light when reading or doing close work
  • increased difficulty adapting to low lights
  • increased blurriness of printed words
It is possible that Eye Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1, 2, 3

Common Causes of Eye Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Eye Diseases:
  • imbalance in tear composition
  • abnormal blood vessel growth
  • fluid buildup in the back of the eye
  • genetic factors
  • environmental factors
  • smoking
References: 1, 2, 3

Other Causes of Eye Diseases

The following are the less common causes of Eye Diseases:
  • lack of adequate tears
  • decreased tear production
  • increased tear evaporation
  • diet
References: 1, 2, 3

Risk Factors of Eye Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Eye Diseases:
  • being older than 50
  • being a woman
  • eating a diet that is low in vitamin A
  • wearing contact lenses
  • age
  • family history
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • cardiovascular disease

Prevention of Eye Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Eye Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid air blowing in your eyes
  • add moisture to the air
  • consider wearing wraparound sunglasses or other protective eyewear
  • take eye breaks during long tasks
  • be aware of your environment
  • position your computer screen below eye level
  • stop smoking and avoid smoke
  • use artificial tears regularly
References: 2, 3, 4

Occurrence of Eye Diseases

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Eye Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Eye Diseases most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Eye Diseases most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 5, 6

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Eye Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Eye Diseases:
  • Comprehensive eye exam: To diagnose the cause of your dry eyes
  • Measuring the volume of your tears: To measures tear production
  • Examination of the back of the eye: To diagnose blood or fluid or a mottled appearance
  • Test for defects in the center of the vision: To diagnose defects in the central vision
  • Fluorescein angiography: To check abnormal blood vessels or retinal changes
  • Indocyanine green angiography: To diagnose specific types of macular degeneration
  • Optical coherence tomography: To see detailed cross-sections of the retina
References: 2, 3, 7, 8

Doctor for Diagnosis of Eye Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Eye Diseases:
  • Optometrist
  • Ophthalmologist

Complications of Eye Diseases if Untreated

Yes, Eye Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Eye Diseases is left untreated:
  • eye infections
  • damage to the surface of your eyes
  • decreased quality of life
  • rapid vision loss
References: 3, 9

Procedures for Treatment of Eye Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Eye Diseases:
  • Special contact lenses: Protects the surface of your eyes and trap moisture
  • LipiFlow thermal pulsation: To treat dry eyes by clearing the blocked oil glands
  • Intense-pulsed light therapy followed by massage: Helps in treating severe dry eyes
  • Photodynamic therapy: To treat abnormal blood vessels at the center of macula
  • Surgery: To implant a telescopic lens in one eye
References: 2, 3, 9

Self-care for Eye Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Eye Diseases:
  • Frequent eyelid washing: Helps in managing dry eyes
  • Apply a warm washcloth to your eyes: To control inflammation in the eyes
  • Exercise: regularly do exercise and maintain a healthy weight
  • Quit Smoking: do not smoke
References: 2, 3, 9

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Eye Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Eye Diseases:
  • Omega fatty acids: Helps in relieving dry eye signs and symptoms
  • Castor oil eye drops: Improve symptoms by reducing tear evaporation
  • Acupuncture: Relieves dry eye symptoms
  • Nutritional supplements: Take supplements with high levels of vitamins C and E, copper and zinc
References: 2, 3, 9

Patient Support for Treatment of Eye Diseases

The following actions may help Eye Diseases patients:
  • Support groups: Join online support groups to reduce symptoms and know about the experiences of others with similar conditions
References: 2, 3

Questions - Eye Diseases

Demographic Information - Eye Diseases

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Eye Diseases. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
11 out of 17 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female5
Male11
Other1
Participants: 17
Age
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
Users Percentile
< 212
21-305
30-405
40-503
50+4
Participants: 19
Marital Status
Users most commonly report that they are 'Married or domestic partnership'.
Users Percentile
Married or domestic partnership1
Participants: 1
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from High blood pressure.
Users Percentile
High blood pressure3
Obesity2
Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)1
Participants: 6
Body Weight
2 out of 19 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight2
Not overweight17
Participants: 19
Smoking Habit
14 out of 18 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke4
Do not smoke14
Participants: 18
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never11
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 11
Well-being
5 out of 15 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months5
No significant pain in the last 3 months10
Participants: 15
Profession
Engineer, IT or Software is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Engineer, IT or Software2
Banker2
Family business1
Work in a Hospital1
Student1
Pharmacist1
Other6
Participants: 9
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week5
Twice a week2
Five times a week3
Everyday3
Participants: 13
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MAYO CLINIC Dry eyes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. MAYO CLINIC Wet macular degeneration - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. MAYO CLINIC Dry macular degeneration - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. MAYO CLINIC Dry eyes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Gayton JL. Etiology, prevalence, and treatment of dry eye disease. Clin Ophthalmol. 2009;3:405-12. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. Wikipedia Macular degeneration - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Hessen M, Akpek EK. Dry eye: an inflammatory ocular disease. J Ophthalmic Vis Res. 2014;9(2):240-50. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. MAYO CLINIC Dry eyes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. MAYO CLINIC Dry eyes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/17/2018.
This page provides information for Eye Diseases in English.

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