Diabetes Complications

    Also called: Diabetic complications
    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    If you have diabetes, your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Over time, this can cause problems with other body functions, such as your kidneys, nerves, feet, and eyes. Having diabetes can also put you at a higher risk for heart disease and bone and joint disorders. Other long-term complications of diabetes include skin problems, digestive problems, sexual dysfunction, and problems with your teeth and gums.

    Very high or very low blood sugar levels can also lead to emergencies in people with diabetes. The cause can be an underlying infection, certain medicines, or even the medicines you take to control your diabetes. If you feel nauseated, sluggish or shaky, seek emergency care.

    NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

    Symptoms of Diabetes Complications

    The following features are indicative of Diabetes Complications:
    • increased thirst and urination
    • increased hunger
    • fatigue
    • blurred vision
    • numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
    • sores that do not heal
    • unexplained weight loss
    It is possible that Diabetes Complications shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Diabetes Complications

    The following are the most common causes of Diabetes Complications:
    • family history of diabetes
    • overweight
    • physical inactivity
    • high blood pressure
    References: 1, 2, 3

    Other Causes of Diabetes Complications

    The following are the less common causes of Diabetes Complications:
    • cushing’s syndrome
    • acromegaly
    • hyperthyroidism
    • pancreatitis
    • pancreatic cancer
    • trauma
    References: 1, 2, 3

    Risk Factors of Diabetes Complications

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Diabetes Complications:
    • overweight
    • age 45 or older
    • family history of diabetes
    • high blood pressure
    • low level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol
    • history of gestational diabetes
    • history of heart disease
    • depression
    • Polycystic ovary syndrome
    • Acanthosis nigricans

    Prevention of Diabetes Complications

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Diabetes Complications. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • by losing weight
    • eating fewer calories
    • increasing physical activity
    • stop smoking
    References: 3

    Occurrence of Diabetes Complications.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Diabetes Complications cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Diabetes Complications most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Diabetes Complications most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 2, 4

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Diabetes Complications

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Diabetes Complications:
    • Blood tests: To measure blood glucose levels
    • Fasting plasma glucose test: To measure the blood glucose level at a single point in time
    • A1C test: To measure the average levels of blood glucose over the past 3 months
    • Random plasma glucose test: To diagnose the diabetes without fasting
    References: 5, 6

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Diabetes Complications:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Diabetes Complications:
    • Endocrinologist
    • Dietitian
    • Diabetes educator
    • Dentist
    • Ophthalmologist
    • Podiatrist
    • Social worker

    Complications of Diabetes Complications if Untreated

    Yes, Diabetes Complications causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Diabetes Complications is left untreated:
    • heart disease
    • stroke
    • kidney disease
    • eye problems
    • dental disease
    • nerve damage
    • foot problems
    References: 2

    Procedures for Treatment of Diabetes Complications

    The following procedures are used to treat Diabetes Complications:
    • Physical therapy: Exercise reduces your blood sugar level by moving sugar into your cells
    • Insulin therapy: To lower blood sugar level
    • Pancreas transplantation: To treat severe complications of type 1 diabetes patients
    • Bariatric surgery: Improves blood sugar levels and beneficial for type 2 diabetes
    References: 7

    Self-care for Diabetes Complications

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Diabetes Complications:
    • Eat wisely: Choose healthy foods and maintain a healthy weight helps decreasing the risk of diabetes and helpful in management of diabetes
    • Avoid smoking: Lowers the risk of various diabetes complications
    • Engage in physical activities: Making physical activity part of your daily routine helps in controlling blood sugar levels and prevent prediabetes and type 2 diabetes
    References: 7

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Diabetes Complications

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Diabetes Complications:
    • Do regular exercise: Lowers the blood sugar level and control the weight
    References: 8

    Patient Support for Treatment of Diabetes Complications

    The following actions may help Diabetes Complications patients:
    • Join support group: Share your frustrations and your triumphs with people who understand what you're going through can be very helpful
    References: 7

    Time for Treatment of Diabetes Complications

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Diabetes Complications to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • More than 1 year
    References: 9


    1. NIH Symptoms & Causes of Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. NIH Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. NIH Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. American Diabetes Association Global Prevalence of Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. NIH Diabetes Tests & Diagnosis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. NIH Managing Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Mayo Clinic Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. American Academy of Family Physicians Diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Hassan MM, Cey SA, Li D, et al. Association of diabetes duration and diabetes treatment with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer. 2010;116(8):1938-46 - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 3/09/2018.
    This page provides information for Diabetes Complications.

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