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    Diabetes and Pregnancy

    Also called: Gestational diabetes
    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. When you are pregnant, high blood sugar levels are not good for your baby.

    About seven out of every 100 pregnant women in the United States get gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that happens for the first time when a woman is pregnant. Most of the time, it goes away after you have your baby. But it does increase your risk for developing type 2 diabetes later on. Your child is also at risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes.

    Most women get a test to check for diabetes during their second trimester of pregnancy. Women at higher risk may get a test earlier.

    If you already have diabetes, the best time to control your blood sugar is before you get pregnant. High blood sugar levels can be harmful to your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy - even before you know you are pregnant. To keep you and your baby healthy, it is important to keep your blood sugar as close to normal as possible before and during pregnancy.

    Either type of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances of problems for you and your baby. To help lower the chances talk to your health care team about

    • A meal plan for your pregnancy
    • A safe exercise plan
    • How often to test your blood sugar
    • Taking your medicine as prescribed. Your medicine plan may need to change during pregnancy.

    NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

    Symptoms of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    The following features are indicative of Diabetes and Pregnancy:
    • constant hunger
    • weight loss
    • blurred vision
    • fatigue
    • increased thirst and urination
    It is possible that Diabetes and Pregnancy shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    The following are the most common causes of Diabetes and Pregnancy:
    • insulin resistance
    References: 2

    Risk Factors of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Diabetes and Pregnancy:
    • overweight
    • family history of type 2 diabetes
    • polycystic ovarian syndrome
    • overweight, previously having gestational diabetes, a family history of type 2 diabetes, and having polycystic ovarian syndrome
    • previous poor obstetric history

    Prevention of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    No, it is not possible to prevent Diabetes and Pregnancy.
    • during pregnancy, body produces various other hormones which impair the action of insulin in the cells that varies from women to women
    References: 3

    Occurrence of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Diabetes and Pregnancy cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Widely occurring between 500K - 1 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Diabetes and Pregnancy most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Aged between 20-50 years

    Common Gender

    Diabetes and Pregnancy most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Female
    References: 4, 5

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Diabetes and Pregnancy:
    • Blood tests: To measure blood glucose levels
    • Fasting plasma glucose test: To measure the blood glucose level at a single point in time
    • A1C test: To measure the average levels of blood glucose over the past 3 months
    • Random plasma glucose test: To diagnose the diabetes without fasting
    References: 6, 7

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Diabetes and Pregnancy:
    • Obstetrician
    • Ophthalmologist
    • Pediatrician

    Complications of Diabetes and Pregnancy if Untreated

    Yes, Diabetes and Pregnancy causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Diabetes and Pregnancy is left untreated:
    • miscarriage or stillbirth
    • birth defects
    • cesarean section delivery
    References: 8

    Procedures for Treatment of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    The following procedures are used to treat Diabetes and Pregnancy:
    • Physical therapy: Exercise activates your body to move glucose into your cells
    References: 9

    Self-care for Diabetes and Pregnancy

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Diabetes and Pregnancy:
    • Eat healthy foods: Lowers the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
    • Keep active by doing exercise: Protects you from developing gestational diabetes
    References: 9

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Diabetes and Pregnancy:
    • Exercise: Helps in relieving stress and nourish your baby
    References: 9

    Patient Support for Treatment of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    The following actions may help Diabetes and Pregnancy patients:
    • Join a support group: Provides Information about the disease and makes you feel better
    References: 9

    Time for Treatment of Diabetes and Pregnancy

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Diabetes and Pregnancy to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 6 months - 1 year
    References: 10

    Related Topics - Diabetes and Pregnancy

    Questions - Diabetes and Pregnancy

    No questions have been asked.

    News and Updates

    Latest news and updates related to Diabetes and Pregnancy. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Wednesday, February 14, 2018 -- A recently published meta-analysis updates the effect size of gestational diabetes on subsequent diabetes develop.

    Monday, February 12, 2018 -- Women with gestational diabetes have a greater risk of developing T2D and cardiovascular events than women who were not previously diagnosed with the disease.

    Friday, February 09, 2018 -- Researchers recently published a study evaluating the potential benefits of both fish oil and vitamin D supplements in women with gestational diabetes. During pregnancy, the woman’s body experiences several physiological changes. Some women develop gestational diabetes as a result of high blood sugar levels. This occurs due to insulin resistance and the body’s inability to […] The post Are Fish Oil and Vitamin D Beneficial for Gestational Diabetes? appeared first on Medical News Bulletin | Health News and Medical Research.

    Monday, February 05, 2018 -- Higher risks for adverse pregnancy outcomes observed in pregnant women taking metformin for pregestational diabetes are not a result of metformin, but diabetes.

    Friday, February 02, 2018 -- by Boya Li, Huixia Yang, Wanyi Zhang, Yundi Shi, Shengtang Qin, Yumei Wei, Yingdong He, Wenshuang Yang, Shiju Jiang, Hongyan Jin Objective Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) has been proposed to be a potential predictive factor of gestational hypertension or preeclampsia (GH/PE) because of its integrating metabolic and inflammatory responses. Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are more likely to develop both GH/PE, than the normal population. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between plasma FABP4 in the second trimester of pregnancy and the risk of GH/PE in women with GDM. Methods This was a nested case-control study conducted within a large on-going prospective cohort study conducted at Peking University First Hospital. A total of

    Demographic Information - Diabetes and Pregnancy

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Diabetes and Pregnancy. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    Gender
    1 out of 1 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Female0
    Male1
    Other0
    Participants: 1
    Age
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Marital Status
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Disease
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Body Weight
    0 out of 2 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Overweight0
    Not overweight2
    Participants: 2
    Smoking Habit
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Well-being
    0 out of 2 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months0
    No significant pain in the last 3 months2
    Participants: 2
    Profession
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Routine Health Check-ups
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Medication
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Immunization
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    Supplements
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    References

    1. American Pregnancy Association Diabetes During Pregnancy - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Wikipedia Gestational diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Gestational diabetes Prevention - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. International Diabetes Federation Gestational diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Wikipedia Gestational diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Pregnancy week by week - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. NIH Diabetes Tests & Diagnosis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. CDC Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes and Pregnancy - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. MAYO CLINIC Gestational diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Wikipedia Gestational diabetes - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/14/2018.
    This page provides information for Diabetes and Pregnancy in English.

    Related Topics - Diabetes and Pregnancy

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