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    Cough

    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    Coughing is a reflex that keeps your throat and airways clear. Although it can be annoying, coughing helps your body heal or protect itself. Coughs can be either acute or chronic. Acute coughs begin suddenly and usually last no more than 2 to 3 weeks. Acute coughs are the kind you most often get with a cold, flu, or acute bronchitis. Chronic coughs last longer than 2 to 3 weeks. Causes of chronic cough include

    Water can help ease your cough - whether you drink it or add it to the air with a steamy shower or vaporizer. If you have a cold or the flu, antihistamines may work better than non-prescription cough medicines. Children under four should not have cough medicine. For children over four, use caution and read labels carefully.

    Symptoms of Cough

    The following features are indicative of Cough:
    • forced exhalation against a closed glottis by a distinctive sound
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Cough

    The following are the most common causes of Cough:
    • respiratory tract infection
    • gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • asthma
    References: 1

    Risk Factors of Cough

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Cough:
    • choking
    • smoking
    • air pollution
    • post-nasal drip

    Prevention of Cough

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Cough. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • take vitamin C in diet
    References: 2

    Occurrence of Cough

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Cough cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Cough most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Cough most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 3

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Cough

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Cough:
    • X-rays
    • Spirometry
    References: 4, 5

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Cough

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Cough:
    • ENT specialist

    Complications of Cough if Untreated

    Yes, Cough causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Cough is left untreated:
    • insomnia
    • cough-induced vomiting
    • rupture of blebs causing spontaneous pneumothorax
    • subconjunctival hemorrhage
    • coughing defecation
    • cough urination
    • abdominal or pelvic hernias
    • fatigue
    • fractures of lower ribs
    • costochondritis
    References: 6

    Self-care for Cough

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Cough:
    • Use a vaporizer or take a steamy shower: Helps in soothing a dry throat
    • Keep your home free of irritants: Prevents the coughing spells
    • Drink plenty of fluids: Helps in thinning the mucus in your throat making it easier to cough it up
    • Do not smoke and stay away from secondhand smoke
    References: 7, 8

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Cough

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Cough:
    • Poppy petals: Helps in soothing cough
    References: 9

    Time for Treatment of Cough

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Cough to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 1 - 4 weeks
    References: 7

    Is Cough Infectious?

    Yes, Cough is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
    • It can be caused due to respiratory infection
    References: 1

    Questions - Cough

    Cough drops containing guaifenesin (an expectorant) and dextromethorphan considered safe but for best results, advised to be taken under medical supervision in pregnant women.
    
    Dextromethorphan is a cough suppressant usually present in OTC cold medications. There are some human studies on the use of Dextromethorphan during pregnancy that did not find any links between the drug and risk of birth defects in the newborn baby. FDA has specified that there is a chance of fetal harm if guaifenesin is given during pregnancy, but the potential benefits may outweigh the possible risk.
    
    As the use of Cough drops varies from every pregnant woman according to their health conditions, so, its best to use cough drops on the consultation of your gynaecologist.
    
    References
    1. Erebara A, Bozzo P, Einarson A, Koren G. Treating the common cold during pregnancy. Can Fam Physician. 2008;54(5):687-9. URL: Accessed January 23, 2018
    2. DailyMed GUAIFENESIN- guaifenesin tablet URL: Accessed January 23, 2018
    3. PubChem Guaifenesin URL: Accessed January 23, 2018
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    Cough drops containing guaifenesin (an expectorant) and dextromethorphan considered safe but for best results, advised to be taken under medical supervision in pregnant women.
    
    Dextromethorphan is a cough suppressant usually present in OTC cold medications. There are some human studies on the use of Dextromethorphan during pregnancy that did not find any links between the drug and risk of birth defects in the newborn baby. FDA has specified that there is a chance of fetal harm if guaifenesin is given during pregnancy, but the potential benefits may outweigh the possible risk.
    
    As the use of Cough drops varies from every pregnant woman according to their health conditions, so, its best to use cough drops on the consultation of your gynaecologist.
    
    References
    1. Erebara A, Bozzo P, Einarson A, Koren G. Treating the common cold during pregnancy. Can Fam Physician. 2008;54(5):687-9. URL: Accessed January 08, 2018
    2. DailyMed GUAIFENESIN- guaifenesin tablet URL: Accessed January 08, 2018
    3. PubChem Guaifenesin URL: Accessed January 08, 2018
    Share
    Share the link to this answer
    Cough drops containing guaifenesin (an expectorant) and dextromethorphan considered safe but for best results, advised to be taken under medical supervision in pregnant women.
    
    Dextromethorphan is a cough suppressant usually present in OTC cold medications. There are some human studies on the use of Dextromethorphan during pregnancy that did not find any links between the drug and risk of birth defects in the newborn baby. FDA has specified that there is a chance of fetal harm if guaifenesin is given during pregnancy, but the potential benefits may outweigh the possible risk.
    
    As the use of Cough drops varies from every pregnant woman according to their health conditions, so, its best to use cough drops on the consultation of your gynaecologist.
    
    References
    1. Erebara A, Bozzo P, Einarson A, Koren G. Treating the common cold during pregnancy. Can Fam Physician. 2008;54(5):687-9. URL: Accessed January 08, 2018
    2. DailyMed GUAIFENESIN- guaifenesin tablet URL: Accessed January 08, 2018
    3. PubChem Guaifenesin URL: Accessed January 08, 2018
    Share
    Share the link to this answer
    Hi, In the last month November around the second week I got soared throat followed by blowing nose and cough in the chest (dark yellowish) but not been facing any difficulties in breathing. When I consulted a family doctor he prescribed me XL-80 Expectorant Syrup and ZiFi O tablet 2 tabs/day. After following the dosage I felt better and cough has gone, but again in this month, I got same symptoms like sored throat followed by blowing nose and finally coughing in the chest. My first question is can I continue with previous prescription i.e XL 80 syrup and ZiFi O tablets or have to consult again for a new prescription? I am not sure whether ZiFi O is antibiotic or not. Another question how to completely get rid of it (above-mentioned symptoms) as they are following after particular period? Thanking you.
    Before I answer your question, I would like to say that I have a background in Pharmaceutical chemistry and I am not a doctor. To be absolutely sure, please consult a physician.
    
    Based on your question, I did research and found that Zifi O is an antibiotic which contains Cefixime and Ofloxacin as active ingredients. And you can continue XL 80 syrup and ZiFi O tablets, as they are used to treat infections such as bronchitis, infections of ear, throat, tonsils etc. This medication is used only to treat infections caused by bacteria, not by the virus.
    
    If your symptoms are like a viral infection, then again consult a doctor for a new prescription.
    Comments 1 Share
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    Demographic Information - Cough

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Cough. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    Gender
    64 out of 85 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Female21
    Male64
    Other0
    Participants: 85
    Age
    The most common user is 21-30 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 2122
    21-3026
    30-4014
    40-5011
    50+10
    Participants: 83
    Marital Status
    Users most commonly report that they are 'Single, never married'.
    Users Percentile
    Single, never married5
    Married or domestic partnership2
    Participants: 7
    Disease
    Users most commonly suffer from Asthma.
    Users Percentile
    Asthma15
    Back pain5
    High blood pressure5
    Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)3
    High cholesterol2
    COPD, chronic bronchitis, or emphysema2
    Other10
    Participants: 42
    Body Weight
    27 out of 85 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Overweight27
    Not overweight58
    Participants: 85
    Smoking Habit
    73 out of 92 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Smoke19
    Do not smoke73
    Participants: 92
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
    Users Percentile
    Never37
    One drink a day2
    Two drinks a day3
    More than two drinks a day4
    Once a week12
    Twice a week3
    Once a month15
    Participants: 76
    Well-being
    22 out of 68 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months22
    No significant pain in the last 3 months46
    Participants: 68
    Profession
    Engineer, IT or Software is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Engineer, IT or Software11
    Student11
    Retired4
    Government service4
    Sales3
    Accountant3
    Other28
    Participants: 54
    Routine Health Check-ups
    2 out of 5 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations2
    No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations3
    Participants: 5
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    'I do not have medical insurance' is the most commonly reported reason for not receiving routine health checkups.
    Users Percentile
    I do not have medical insurance1
    I do not have the time1
    Participants: 2
    Medication
    2 out of 6 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis2
    No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis4
    Participants: 6
    Immunization
    5 out of 7 users report that they are have received immunization.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, received immunization5
    No, not received immunization2
    Participants: 7
    Supplements
    1 out of 5 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking supplements1
    No, not taking supplements4
    Participants: 5
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise once a week.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week28
    Twice a week9
    Five times a week4
    Everyday17
    Never2
    Participants: 60
    Exercise Duration
    Users most commonly report that they exercise 'Less than 15 minutes' each time.
    Users Percentile
    Less than 15 minutes1
    Participants: 1
    Like Exercising
    Users most commonly report that they enjoy exercising 'Always'.
    Users Percentile
    Always1
    Participants: 1
    Difficulties in Exercising
    'Time availability' is the most commonly reported difficulty in achieving fitness.
    Users Percentile
    Time availability1
    Participants: 1
    Fruits and Vegetables
    Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables '1-3 times per month'.
    Users Percentile
    1-3 times per month2
    Everyday2
    1-3 times per week1
    Participants: 5
    Healthy Food Choices
    Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Most of the time'.
    Users Percentile
    Most of the time3
    Always1
    Participants: 4
    Eating Out
    Users most commonly report to eat out 'Everyday'.
    Users Percentile
    Everyday6
    Every other day1
    Participants: 7
    Fast Food Frequency
    Users most commonly report that they eat fast food 'Everyday'.
    Users Percentile
    Everyday3
    1-3 times per month1
    Participants: 4
    Special Diet
    4 out of 9 users report that they are on a special diet.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, on a special diet4
    No, not on a special diet5
    Participants: 9
    Housing Type
    Users most commonly report that they live in a 'House'.
    Users Percentile
    House6
    Apartment1
    Participants: 7
    Own Home
    4 out of 7 users report that they own a home.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, own a home4
    No, do not own a home3
    Participants: 7
    Non-emergency Visits
    Users most commonly report that they go to 'Doctor's Clinic' for their non-emergency health issues.
    Users Percentile
    Doctor's Clinic5
    Hospital2
    Participants: 7
    Medicine Source
    Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
    Users Percentile
    Local pharmacy3
    Doctor's office1
    Online1
    Hospital1
    Grocery store1
    Participants: 7

    References

    1. Wikipedia Cough - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Goldman RD. Treating cough and cold: Guidance for caregivers of children and youth. Paediatr Child Health. 2011;16(9):564-9. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Morice A. Chronic cough: epidemiology. Chron Respir Dis. 2008;5(1):43-7. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Wikipedia Cough - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Pacheco A, Cobeta I. Refractory chronic cough, or the need to focus on the relationship between the larynx and the esophagus. Cough. 2013;9(1):10. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Wikipedia Cough - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. MedlinePlus Cough - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. MAYO CLINIC Whooping cough - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. NIH Herb Garden - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/11/2018.
    This page provides information for Cough in English.

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