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Coronary Artery Disease

Also called: CAD, Coronary arteriosclerosis, Coronary atherosclerosis
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the United States in both men and women.

CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and other material, called plaque, on their inner walls. This buildup is called atherosclerosis. As it grows, less blood can flow through the arteries. As a result, the heart muscle can't get the blood or oxygen it needs. This can lead to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Most heart attacks happen when a blood clot suddenly cuts off the hearts' blood supply, causing permanent heart damage.

Over time, CAD can also weaken the heart muscle and contribute to heart failure and arrhythmias. Heart failure means the heart can't pump blood well to the rest of the body. Arrhythmias are changes in the normal beating rhythm of the heart.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease

The following features are indicative of Coronary Artery Disease:
  • angina
  • shortness of breath
  • heart attack
References: 1

Common Causes of Coronary Artery Disease

The following are the most common causes of Coronary Artery Disease:
  • smoking
  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol
  • diabetes or insulin resistance
  • sedentary lifestyle
References: 1

Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Coronary Artery Disease:
  • age
  • sex
  • family history
  • smoking
  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol
  • diabetes
  • overweight or obesity
  • excess weight typically worsens other risk factors
  • physical inactivity
  • high stress

Prevention of Coronary Artery Disease

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Coronary Artery Disease. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • lifestyle changes
  • heart-healthy eating
  • aiming for a healthy weight
  • managing stress
  • physical activity quitting smoking
References: 2

Occurrence of Coronary Artery Disease

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Coronary Artery Disease cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Coronary Artery Disease most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Coronary Artery Disease most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 3

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Disease

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Coronary Artery Disease:
  • Electrocardiogram: It reveals evidence of a previous heart attack or one that is in progress
  • Echocardiogram: An echocardiogram uses sound waves to produce images of your heart
  • Stress test: If your signs and symptoms occur most often during exercise, your doctor may ask you to walk on a treadmill or ride a stationary bike during an ECG
  • Cardiac catheterization or angiogram: It is used to view blood flow through your heart
References: 4, 5

Doctor for Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Disease

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease:
  • Cardiologist

Complications of Coronary Artery Disease if Untreated

Yes, Coronary Artery Disease causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Coronary Artery Disease is left untreated:
  • chest pain
  • heart attack
  • heart failure
  • arrhythmia
References: 1

Procedures for Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease

The following procedures are used to treat Coronary Artery Disease:
  • Angioplasty and stent placement: To help keep the artery open
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery: To bypass blocked coronary arteries using a vessel from another part of body
References: 6

Self-care for Coronary Artery Disease

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Coronary Artery Disease:
  • Stop smoking: Helps to reduce risk of heart attack
  • Keep diabetes under control:Helps reducing risk of coronary artery disease
  • Keep blood pressure under control: Helps to reduce risk of heart attack
  • Keep cholesterol under control: Helps to reduce risk of heart attack
  • Exercise: Helps to reduce risk of heart attack
  • Eat healthy foods: Helps in controlling weight, blood pressure and cholesterol
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Helps to reduce risk of heart attack
References: 7

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Coronary Artery Disease:
  • Fish and fish oil: Helps in reducing inflammation in the body
  • Flax and flaxseed oil: Helps lowering blood cholesterol
References: 6

Patient Support for Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease

The following actions may help Coronary Artery Disease patients:
  • Education, counseling, and training: Helps to reduce risk for future heart problems
  • Exercise training: Helps you learn how to exercise safely, strengthen your muscles, and improve your stamina
References: 8

Time for Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Coronary Artery Disease to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months
References: 9

Questions - Coronary Artery Disease

Demographic Information - Coronary Artery Disease

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Coronary Artery Disease. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
2 out of 3 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female1
Male2
Other0
Participants: 3
Age
The most common user is 50+ years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-300
30-400
40-500
50+4
Participants: 4
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Insomnia.
Users Percentile
Insomnia1
Coronary heart disease1
Participants: 2
Body Weight
2 out of 4 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight2
Not overweight2
Participants: 4
Smoking Habit
3 out of 4 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke1
Do not smoke3
Participants: 4
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never1
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day1
Once a week1
Twice a week0
Once a month0
Participants: 3
Well-being
1 out of 2 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months1
No significant pain in the last 3 months1
Participants: 2
Profession
Family business is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Family business1
Retired1
Participants: 2
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week2
Twice a week1
Five times a week0
Everyday1
Participants: 4
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
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Fast Food Frequency
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Special Diet
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Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MAYO CLINIC Coronary artery disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. NIH How To Prevent and Control Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Sanchis-gomar F, Perez-quilis C, Leischik R, Lucia A. Epidemiology of coronary heart disease and acute coronary syndrome. Ann Transl Med. 2016;4(13):256. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. NCBI Chapter 5Coronary artery disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. MAYO CLINIC Coronary artery disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. Mayo Clinic Coronary artery disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Mayo Clinic Coronary artery disease - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. NIH How Is Coronary Heart Disease Treated? - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. NIH What To Expect After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 11/28/2017.
This page provides information for Coronary Artery Disease in English.

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