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Cervical Cancer

अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy. Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called HPV. The virus spreads through sexual contact. Most women's bodies are able to fight HPV infection. But sometimes the virus leads to cancer. You're at higher risk if you smoke, have had many children, use birth control pills for a long time, or have HIV infection.

Cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms at first. Later, you may have pelvic pain or bleeding from the vagina. It usually takes several years for normal cells in the cervix to turn into cancer cells. Your health care provider can find abnormal cells by doing a Pap test to examine cells from the cervix. You may also have an HPV test. If your results are abnormal, you may need a biopsy or other tests. By getting regular screenings, you can find and treat any problems before they turn into cancer.

Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination. The choice of treatment depends on the size of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread and whether you would like to become pregnant someday.

Vaccines can protect against several types of HPV, including some that can cause cancer.

NIH: National Cancer Institute

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

The following features are indicative of Cervical Cancer:
  • pelvic pain
  • bleeding from the vagina
  • contact bleeding
  • moderate pain during sexual intercourse
  • vaginal discharge
  • loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • fatigue
  • pelvic pain
  • back pain
  • leg pain
  • swollen legs
  • heavy vaginal bleeding
  • bone fractures
  • leakage of urine or feces from the vagina
  • bleeding after douching or after a pelvic exam
It is possible that Cervical Cancer shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1, 2

Common Causes of Cervical Cancer

The following are the most common causes of Cervical Cancer:
  • human papilloma viruses
  • DNA mutations
  • cigarette smoking
  • oral contraceptives
  • multiple pregnancies
References: 2, 3

Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Cervical Cancer:
  • Ayurvedic therapy: Improves the balance by applying Shirobasti and Shirodhara with Dhanvantaram taila over the scalp and followed by massage with Dhanvantaram tailam and Bashpa sweda
  • Behavioral techniques: To reduce symptoms of movement disorders
  • Psychotherapy: To reduce symptoms of movement disorders

Prevention of Cervical Cancer

No, it is not possible to prevent Cervical Cancer.
  • genetic factors
References: 3

Occurrence of Cervical Cancer

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Cervical Cancer cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Widely occurring between 500K - 1 Million cases

Common Age Group

Cervical Cancer most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Cervical Cancer most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female
References: 2, 4

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Cervical Cancer:
  • Pap test: a screening test for cervical cancer
  • Colposcopy: To see the surface of the cervix thoroughly
  • Cervical biopsies: To diagnose cervical pre-cancers and cancers
  • Chest X-ray: To check if the cancer has spread to the lungs
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan: To check the size of the cancer and its spread
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To diagnose cervical cancer
  • Intravenous urography: To find out the abnormal areas in the urinary tract
  • Positron emission tomography (PET scan): To check if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes
References: 3, 5

Doctor for Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Cervical Cancer:
  • Gynecologic oncologist

Complications of Cervical Cancer if Untreated

Yes, Cervical Cancer causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Cervical Cancer is left untreated:
  • can be fatal
References: 3

Procedures for Treatment of Cervical Cancer

The following procedures are used to treat Cervical Cancer:
  • Hysterectomy: Prevents the recurrence of cervical cancer by removing the uterus
  • Radiation therapy: To destroy the cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: To kill cancer cells
  • Palliative care: Provides relief from pain and other symptoms of cancer
References: 6

Self-care for Cervical Cancer

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Cervical Cancer:
  • Don't smoke: Helps in lowering the risk of cervical cancer
  • Practice safe sex: Reduces the risk of cervical cancer
References: 6

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Cervical Cancer

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Cervical Cancer:
  • Vitamin A intake: Reduces the risk of cervical cancer
References: 2

Patient Support for Treatment of Cervical Cancer

The following actions may help Cervical Cancer patients:
  • Take time for yourself: Helps in combating the stress and fatigue of cancer
  • Find someone to talk with: By discussing your feelings with a friend or family member makes you feel comfortable
References: 6

Time for Treatment of Cervical Cancer

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Cervical Cancer to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year
References: 2

Questions - Cervical Cancer

News and Updates

Latest news and updates related to Cervical Cancer. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

Monday, January 15, 2018 -- Xavier Bosch, MD, discusses a second-generation vaccination against HPV for the prevention of cervical cancer.

Sunday, January 14, 2018 -- Can blueberries help treat cancer? A new study indicates the answer is "yes." Faith Lapidus has details.

Friday, January 12, 2018 -- [Cancer Management and Research] A comparison study evaluated whether radical hysterectomy or radiochemotherapy provides superior survival outcomes for patients with stage IB1 or IIA1 cervical cancer.

Wednesday, January 03, 2018 -- In an effort to find alternatives to cisplatin as a radiation sensitizer, due to its dose-dependent toxicity and resistance, researchers are exploring food-based options such as blueberry extract.

Tuesday, December 26, 2017 -- We’ve seen 3D printing used to both test for and even work to eliminate male infertility, but now, some of the same researchers from the Institute for Integrative Nanosciences (IIN) at IFW... View the entire article via our website.

Demographic Information - Cervical Cancer

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Cervical Cancer. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
1 out of 2 users are female.
Users Percentile
Female1
Male1
Other0
Participants: 2
Age
The most common user is 30-40 years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-300
30-401
40-500
50+0
Participants: 1
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Back pain.
Users Percentile
Back pain1
Participants: 1
Body Weight
1 out of 2 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight1
Not overweight1
Participants: 2
Smoking Habit
2 out of 2 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke0
Do not smoke2
Participants: 2
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
Never1
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day0
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Once a month1
Participants: 2
Well-being
0 out of 1 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months0
No significant pain in the last 3 months1
Participants: 1
Profession
Government service is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Government service1
Participants: 1
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise everyday.
Users Percentile
Once a week0
Twice a week0
Five times a week0
Everyday1
Participants: 1
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. MedlinePlus Cervical Cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. Wikipedia Cervical cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. American Cancer Society Cervical Cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Benard VB, Watson M, Castle PE, Saraiya M. Cervical carcinoma rates among young females in the United States. Obstet Gynecol. 2012;120(5):1117-23. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. CDC Gynecologic Cancers - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MAYO CLINIC Cervical cancer - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/01/2017.
This page provides information for Cervical Cancer in English.

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