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Blood Clots

Also called: Hypercoagulability
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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Normally, if you get hurt, your body forms a blood clot to stop the bleeding. Some people get too many clots or their blood clots abnormally. Many conditions can cause the blood to clot too much or prevent blood clots from dissolving properly.

Risk factors for excessive blood clotting include

Blood clots can form in, or travel to, the blood vessels in the brain, heart, kidneys, lungs, and limbs. A clot in the veins deep in the limbs is called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT usually affects the deep veins of the legs. If a blood clot in a deep vein breaks off and travels through the bloodstream to the lungs and blocks blood flow, the condition is called pulmonary embolism. Other complications of blood clots include stroke, heart attack, kidney problems and kidney failure, and pregnancy-related problems. Treatments for blood clots include blood thinners and other medicines.

Symptoms of Blood Clots

The following features are indicative of Blood Clots:
  • swelling of the leg or arm
  • unexplained pain or tenderness
  • skin that is warm to the touch
  • redness of the skin
  • difficulty breathing
  • faster than normal or irregular heartbeat
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • anxiety
  • coughing up blood
  • lightheadedness
References: 1

Common Causes of Blood Clots

The following are the most common causes of Blood Clots:
  • endothelial injury
  • abnormal blood flow
  • hypercoagulability
References: 1, 2

Risk Factors of Blood Clots

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Blood Clots:
  • older age
  • obesity
  • recent surgery or injury
  • use of estrogen-containing contraceptives
  • hormone replacement therapy
  • pregnancy and the postpartum period
  • previous blood clot
  • family history of blood clots
  • active cancer or recent cancer treatment
  • varicose veins

Prevention of Blood Clots

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Blood Clots. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • move around after having been confined to bed such that after injury or surgery
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • avoid a sedentary lifestyle
  • wear loose fitting clothes
References: 3

Occurrence of Blood Clots

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Blood Clots cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Widely occurring between 500K - 1 Million cases

Common Age Group

Blood Clots most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Blood Clots most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 4, 5

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Blood Clots

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Blood Clots:
  • Duplex ultrasonography: To detect blood clots or blockages in the deep veins
  • D-dimer blood test: To measure a substance in the blood when a clot splits up
  • Contrast venography: To diagnose blood clots
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To diagnose blood clots
References: 3, 6

Doctor for Diagnosis of Blood Clots

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Blood Clots:
  • Hematologist

Complications of Blood Clots if Untreated

Yes, Blood Clots causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Blood Clots is left untreated:
  • can be fatal
References: 7

Procedures for Treatment of Blood Clots

The following procedures are used to treat Blood Clots:
  • Clot removal: Removal of clot through surgery
  • Vein filter: To inhibit the clots from being carried into your lungs in people who can't take anticoagulant drugs
References: 8

Self-care for Blood Clots

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Blood Clots:
  • Drink plenty of fluids: Preventing dehydration decreases the development of blood clots
  • Take a break from sitting: Take a moment to walk while driving or sitting to avoid formation of clots
  • Wear support stockings: Promote circulation and fluid movement in the legs
References: 9

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Blood Clots

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Blood Clots:
  • Regular exercise: Decreases the risk of blood clots
References: 10

Patient Support for Treatment of Blood Clots

The following actions may help Blood Clots patients:
  • Join support research groups: Provides medical knowledge and care about the various blood disorders
References: 7

Time for Treatment of Blood Clots

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Blood Clots to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months
References: 11

Questions - Blood Clots

Demographic Information - Blood Clots

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Blood Clots. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
Gender
4 out of 4 users are male.
Users Percentile
Female0
Male4
Other0
Participants: 4
Age
The most common user is 30-40 years old.
Users Percentile
< 210
21-301
30-402
40-501
50+1
Participants: 5
Marital Status
No data has been collected for this survey
Disease
Users most commonly suffer from Heart attack.
Users Percentile
Heart attack2
High blood pressure2
Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)1
Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)1
Participants: 6
Body Weight
2 out of 6 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Overweight2
Not overweight4
Participants: 6
Smoking Habit
1 out of 3 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Smoke2
Do not smoke1
Participants: 3
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly report having alcohol once a month.
Users Percentile
Never1
One drink a day0
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day1
Once a week1
Twice a week0
Once a month2
Participants: 5
Well-being
3 out of 7 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months3
No significant pain in the last 3 months4
Participants: 7
Profession
Marketing is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Marketing1
Banker1
Engineer, IT or Software1
Family business1
Other1
Participants: 4
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
Medication
No data has been collected for this survey
Immunization
No data has been collected for this survey
Supplements
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise everyday.
Users Percentile
Once a week1
Twice a week0
Five times a week0
Everyday2
Participants: 3
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
No data has been collected for this survey
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
No data has been collected for this survey

References

  1. CDC Venous Thromboembolism (Blood Clots) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. Wikipedia Thrombus - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. CDC Venous Thromboembolism (Blood Clots) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. CDC Venous Thromboembolism (Blood Clots) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. NCBI Mary Cushman, MD, MSc Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Venous Thrombosis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. American Society of Hematology Blood Clots - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. NIH Deep Vein Thrombosis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Mayo Clinic Pulmonary embolism - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. Mayo Clinic Pulmonary embolism - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. MAYO CLINIC Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  11. Jill Jin Treatment Duration for Pulmonary Embolism - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  12. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/05/2018.
This page provides information for Blood Clots in English.

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