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    Bipolar Disorder

    Also called: Manic-depressive illness
    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness. People who have it go through unusual mood changes. They go from very happy, "up," and active to very sad and hopeless, "down," and inactive, and then back again. They often have normal moods in between. The up feeling is called mania. The down feeling is depression.

    The causes of bipolar disorder aren't always clear. It runs in families. Abnormal brain structure and function may also play a role.

    Bipolar disorder often starts in a person's late teen or early adult years. But children and adults can have bipolar disorder too. The illness usually lasts a lifetime.

    If you think you may have it, tell your health care provider. A medical checkup can rule out other illnesses that might cause your mood changes.

    If not treated, bipolar disorder can lead to damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide. However, there are effective treatments to control symptoms: medicine and talk therapy. A combination usually works best.

    NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

    Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

    The following features are indicative of Bipolar Disorder:
    • unusually intense emotion
    • changes in sleep patterns and activity levels
    • unusual behaviors
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Bipolar Disorder

    The following are the most common causes of Bipolar Disorder:
    • genetic factors
    • environmental factors
    • neurological conditions or injury
    • physiological factors
    References: 2, 3

    Risk Factors of Bipolar Disorder

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bipolar Disorder:
    • having a first-degree relative
    • periods of high stress
    • Alcohol or drug abuse

    Prevention of Bipolar Disorder

    No, it is not possible to prevent Bipolar Disorder.
    • genetic factors
    References: 2

    Occurrence of Bipolar Disorder

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Bipolar Disorder cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Bipolar Disorder most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Aged between 20-35 years

    Common Gender

    Bipolar Disorder most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 2

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bipolar Disorder:
    • ICD-10 criteria: To diagnose bipolar disorder
    • DSM criteria: To diagnose bipolar disorder
    References: 2

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bipolar Disorder:
    • Psychiatrist

    Complications of Bipolar Disorder if Untreated

    Yes, Bipolar Disorder causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bipolar Disorder is left untreated:
    • problems related to alcohol or drug use
    • suicide or suicide attempts
    • poor work or school performance
    References: 4

    Procedures for Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

    The following procedures are used to treat Bipolar Disorder:
    • Cognitive behavioral therapy: Identify and replace unhealthy, negative behaviors and beliefs
    • Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy: Stabilization of daily rhythms such as mealtimes, waking and sleeping
    • Family-focused therapy: Family support and communication help to recognize and manage signs of mood swings
    References: 5

    Self-care for Bipolar Disorder

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bipolar Disorder:
    • Quit drinking or using recreational drugs: Avoid alcohol or drug abuse
    • Make a healthy routine: A regular and a healthy routine for eating, physical activity and sleeping can help balance your mood
    • Consider keeping a mood chart: Keep a record of your daily moods, sleep, treatments and activities
    References: 5

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Bipolar Disorder:
    • no known alternate medicines
    References: 5

    Patient Support for Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

    The following actions may help Bipolar Disorder patients:
    • Learn about bipolar disorder: Get proper education about your condition and its treatment options
    • Stay focused on your goals: Stay motivated to manage bipolar disorder
    • Join a support group: Connect to others people with same conditions and share experience
    References: 5

    Time for Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bipolar Disorder to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced
    References: 6

    Related Topics - Bipolar Disorder

    Questions - Bipolar Disorder

    News and Updates

    Latest news and updates related to Bipolar Disorder. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Monday, February 12, 2018 -- Results from a new study suggest that improving the regularity of sleep may be an effective therapy for both bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder.

    Friday, February 09, 2018 -- An overall reduction in symptoms with both therapies was noted.

    Thursday, February 08, 2018 -- Most medical disorders have well-defined physical characteristics seen in tissues, organs and bodily fluids. Psychiatric disorders, in contrast, are not defined by such pathology, but rather by behavior. A UCLA-led study, published in Science, has found that autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder share some physical characteristics — and important differences — at the molecular level, specifically, patterns of gene expression in the brain. Gene expression is the process by which instructions in DNA are converted into a product, such as a protein. “These findings provide a molecular, pathological signature of these disorders, which is a large step forward,” said senior author Daniel Geschwind, a distinguished professor of neurology, psychiatry and human genetics and director of the UCLA Center for

    Wednesday, February 07, 2018 -- Serum fatty acid levels were compared in unipolar and bipolar depression with euthymic bipolar disorder and non-psychiatric controls.

    Friday, February 02, 2018 -- Successful management of both the manic and depressive states in bipolar disorder has been difficult to achieve, despite a broad range of pharmacologic treatments available.

    Demographic Information - Bipolar Disorder

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Bipolar Disorder. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    Gender
    9 out of 15 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Female6
    Male9
    Other0
    Participants: 15
    Age
    The most common user is 21-30 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 213
    21-306
    30-404
    40-502
    50+3
    Participants: 18
    Marital Status
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Disease
    Users most commonly suffer from Depression.
    Users Percentile
    Depression3
    High blood pressure2
    Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)1
    Back pain1
    Insomnia1
    Diabetes1
    Other1
    Participants: 10
    Body Weight
    6 out of 16 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Overweight6
    Not overweight10
    Participants: 16
    Smoking Habit
    12 out of 19 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Smoke7
    Do not smoke12
    Participants: 19
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
    Users Percentile
    Never9
    One drink a day1
    Two drinks a day0
    More than two drinks a day1
    Once a week2
    Twice a week0
    Once a month2
    Participants: 15
    Well-being
    8 out of 14 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months8
    No significant pain in the last 3 months6
    Participants: 14
    Profession
    Student is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Student3
    Engineer, IT or Software2
    Doctor2
    Pharmacist2
    House Maker2
    Family business1
    Other7
    Participants: 15
    Routine Health Check-ups
    0 out of 1 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations0
    No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
    Participants: 1
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    'I am not able to afford the payment' is the most commonly reported reason for not receiving routine health checkups.
    Users Percentile
    I am not able to afford the payment1
    Participants: 1
    Medication
    0 out of 1 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis0
    No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis1
    Participants: 1
    Immunization
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Supplements
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise once a week.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week6
    Twice a week0
    Five times a week1
    Everyday6
    Never0
    Participants: 13
    Exercise Duration
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Like Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Difficulties in Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fruits and Vegetables
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Healthy Food Choices
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Eating Out
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fast Food Frequency
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Special Diet
    0 out of 2 users report that they are on a special diet.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, on a special diet0
    No, not on a special diet2
    Participants: 2
    Housing Type
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Own Home
    1 out of 1 users report that they own a home.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, own a home1
    No, do not own a home0
    Participants: 1
    Non-emergency Visits
    Users most commonly report that they go to 'Hospital' for their non-emergency health issues.
    Users Percentile
    Hospital1
    Participants: 1
    Medicine Source
    No data has been collected for this survey

    References

    1. NIH Bipolar Disorder - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Wikipedia Bipolar disorder - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Mayo Clinic Bipolar disorder - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. MAYO CLINIC Bipolar disorder - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. MAYO CLINIC Bipolar disorder - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. MedlinePlus Bipolar Disorder - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/16/2018.
    This page provides information for Bipolar Disorder in English.

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