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If you feel pain and stiffness in your body or have trouble moving around, you might have arthritis. Most kinds of arthritis cause pain and swelling in your joints. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as your elbow or knee. Over time, a swollen joint can become severely damaged. Some kinds of arthritis can also cause problems in your organs, such as your eyes or skin.

Types of arthritis include

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It's often related to aging or to an injury.
  • Autoimmune arthritis happens when your body's immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of this kind of arthritis.
  • Juvenile arthritis is a type of arthritis that happens in children.
  • Infectious arthritis is an infection that has spread from another part of the body to the joint.
  • Psoriatic arthritis affects people with psoriasis.
  • Gout is a painful type of arthritis that happens when too much uric acid builds up in the body. It often starts in the big toe.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Arthritis

The following features are indicative of Arthritis:
  • pain
  • swelling
  • joint stiffness
  • malaise
  • fatigue
  • tenderness
  • muscle weakness
  • loss of flexibility
  • decreased mobility
It is possible that Arthritis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
References: 1

Common Causes of Arthritis

The following are the most common causes of Arthritis:
  • infections
  • increased uric acid levels
  • genetics
  • overweight
References: 2, 3

Risk Factors of Arthritis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Arthritis:
  • age
  • gender
  • obesity
  • overweight
  • genetic
  • infection
  • joint injuries

Prevention of Arthritis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Arthritis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • maintained body weight
  • prevent infections
  • prevent joints from injuries
References: 3

Occurrence of Arthritis

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Arthritis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 4

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Arthritis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Arthritis:
  • X-rays: To visualize bone and view cartilage loss, bone damage and bone spurs
  • Computerized tomography scan: To visualize both bone and the surrounding soft tissues
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To produce more-detailed cross-sectional images of soft tissues
  • Ultrasound: To view soft tissues, cartilage and fluid-containing structures
References: 5, 6

Doctor for Diagnosis of Arthritis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Arthritis:
  • Primary care practitioner
  • Rheumatologist
  • Orthopedic surgeon
  • Osteopathic physician
  • Nurse practitioner
  • Physician assistant
  • Registered nurse
  • Pharmacist
  • Physiatrist
  • Podiatrist
  • Psychiatrist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Physical therapist
  • Psychologist
  • Social worker
  • Acupuncturist
  • Chiropractor
  • Teamlet

Complications of Arthritis if Untreated

Yes, Arthritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Arthritis is left untreated:
  • joints may become twisted and deformed
  • joint damage
References: 5, 7

Procedures for Treatment of Arthritis

The following procedures are used to treat Arthritis:
  • Joint replacement surgery: Removes the damaged joint and replaces it with an artificial one
  • Joint repair: Reduces pain and improve function
  • Joint fusion: Removes the ends of the two bones in the joint
References: 8

Self-care for Arthritis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Arthritis:
  • Exercise: Strengthen the muscles surrounding joints
  • Weight loss: Reduces the stress on your weight-bearing joints
  • Quit smoking: Reduces stress on connective tissues
References: 8, 9

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Arthritis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Arthritis:
  • Acupuncture: Reduce many types of pain, including that caused by some types of arthritis
  • Yoga: Improve joint flexibility and range of motion in people with some types of arthritis
  • Glucosamine: Relieves arthritis pain
  • Massage: Increases blood flow and warm affected joints
References: 8

Patient Support for Treatment of Arthritis

The following actions may help Arthritis patients:
  • Patient education and support: Improves or maintain function and quality of life
References: 10

Time for Treatment of Arthritis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Arthritis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months
References: 1, 11

Questions - Arthritis

News and Updates

Latest news and updates related to Arthritis. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

Wednesday, January 10, 2018 -- From 2002-2014, increase in prevalence of reporting of exercise counseling for adults with arthritis

Wednesday, January 10, 2018 -- There is a higher risk for liver disease in patients with inflammatory disorders.

Monday, January 08, 2018 -- The FDA has approved tofacitinib and tofacitinib extended release to treat active psoriatic arthritis.

Sunday, January 07, 2018 -- Mechelen, Belgium; 7 January 2018, 22.00 CET - Galapagos NV (Euronext NASDAQ: GLPG) reports positive preliminary topline results with a Phase 1b study in osteoarthritis (OA) patients in the United States. Galapagos...

Thursday, January 04, 2018 -- FDA has branded one of medical food specialist Primus Pharmaceuticalsâ products as an unapproved drug and has stipulated a recall based on what it called âlife threateningâ safety concerns.

Demographic Information - Arthritis

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Arthritis. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
36 out of 56 users are male.
Users Percentile
Participants: 56
The most common user is 50+ years old.
Users Percentile
< 214
Participants: 58
Marital Status
Users most commonly report that they are 'Single, never married'.
Users Percentile
Single, never married1
Married or domestic partnership1
Participants: 2
Users most commonly suffer from Other.
Users Percentile
Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)10
Back pain8
High blood pressure6
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)3
Chronic kidney disease2
Participants: 44
Body Weight
24 out of 52 users report that they are overweight.
Users Percentile
Not overweight28
Participants: 52
Smoking Habit
44 out of 55 users report that they do not smoke.
Users Percentile
Do not smoke44
Participants: 55
Alcohol Consumption Frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
Users Percentile
One drink a day1
Two drinks a day0
More than two drinks a day2
Once a week3
Twice a week1
Once a month10
Participants: 50
40 out of 58 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
Users Percentile
Significant pain in the last 3 months40
No significant pain in the last 3 months18
Participants: 58
Retired is the most common profession reported by users.
Users Percentile
Engineer, IT or Software4
House Maker4
Family business3
Government service3
Participants: 43
Routine Health Check-ups
No data has been collected for this survey
Missed Health Checkup Reason
No data has been collected for this survey
No data has been collected for this survey
No data has been collected for this survey
No data has been collected for this survey
Exercise Frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Users Percentile
Once a week23
Twice a week8
Five times a week8
Participants: 54
Exercise Duration
No data has been collected for this survey
Like Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Difficulties in Exercising
No data has been collected for this survey
Fruits and Vegetables
No data has been collected for this survey
Healthy Food Choices
No data has been collected for this survey
Eating Out
No data has been collected for this survey
Fast Food Frequency
No data has been collected for this survey
Special Diet
No data has been collected for this survey
Housing Type
Users most commonly report that they live in a 'Nursing home'.
Users Percentile
Nursing home1
Participants: 1
Own Home
No data has been collected for this survey
Non-emergency Visits
No data has been collected for this survey
Medicine Source
Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
Users Percentile
Local pharmacy1
Participants: 1


  1. Wikipedia Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. CDC Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. CDC Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. CDC Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Mayoclinic Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. Arthritis Foundation Your Health Care Team: More Than a Doctor and Nurse - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Arthritis Foundation What Is Arthritis? - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. MAYO CLINIC Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. MAYO CLINIC Arthritis pain: Do's and don'ts - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. CDC Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  11. NIH Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  12. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/13/2018.
This page provides information for Arthritis in English.

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