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    Allergy

    Also called: Hypersensitivity
    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    An allergy is a reaction by your immune system to something that does not bother most other people. People who have allergies often are sensitive to more than one thing. Substances that often cause reactions are

    Normally, your immune system fights germs. It is your body's defense system. In most allergic reactions, however, it is responding to a false alarm. Genes and the environment probably both play a role.

    Allergies can cause a variety of symptoms such as a runny nose, sneezing, itching, rashes, swelling, or asthma. Allergies can range from minor to severe. Anaphylaxis is a severe reaction that can be life-threatening. Doctors use skin and blood tests to diagnose allergies. Treatments include medicines, allergy shots, and avoiding the substances that cause the reactions.

    NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

    Symptoms of Allergy

    The following features are indicative of Allergy:
    • abdominal pain
    • bloating
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
    • itchy skin
    • swelling of the skin during hives
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Allergy

    The following are the most common causes of Allergy:
    • respiratory reactions
    • rhinitis
    • rashes
    • swelling
    • inflammation
    References: 1

    Risk Factors of Allergy

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Allergy:
    • heredity
    • sex
    • race
    • age
    • exposure to infections during early childhood
    • environmental pollution
    • allergen levels
    • dietary changes

    Prevention of Allergy

    No, it is not possible to prevent Allergy.
    • genetic factors
    References: 2

    Occurrence of Allergy

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Allergy cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Allergy most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Allergy most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 1

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Allergy

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Allergy:
    • Skin prick testing: To puncture or prick the skin to put allergens in it
    • Patch testing: To detect a specific substance causing allergic inflammation
    • Blood testing: To diagnose allergies
    References: 1

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Allergy

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Allergy:
    • Allergist
    • Immunologist

    Complications of Allergy if Untreated

    Yes, Allergy causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Allergy is left untreated:
    • anaphylaxis
    • asthma
    • sinusitis
    • infections of the ears or lungs
    • allergic fungal sinusitis
    • allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
    References: 3

    Procedures for Treatment of Allergy

    The following procedures are used to treat Allergy:
    • Allergen immunotherapy: To change the immune system's response
    References: 1

    Self-care for Allergy

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Allergy:
    • Saline nasal irrigation: Rinse out the sinuses with a salt and water solution
    • Exposure to dust mites or pet dander: Frequently wash bedding and stuffed toys in hot water, regularly use a vacuum with a fine filter and maintain low humidity
    • Moisture in damp areas: Reduce moisture with dehumidifiers and ventilation fans
    References: 4

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Allergy

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Allergy:
    • Herbal remedies: Herbal medicines reduce the symptoms and prevent allergy
    • Acupuncture and acupressure: To reduce or prevent the symptoms of allergy
    References: 5

    Patient Support for Treatment of Allergy

    The following actions may help Allergy patients:
    • Education: Learn more about allergies from internet and nonprofit organizations
    References: 5

    Time for Treatment of Allergy

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Allergy to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • Within 1 week
    References: 1

    Questions - Allergy

    There is not a specific antiallergic that is considered to be completely safe during pregnancy. Allergic medicines are the drugs which are used to treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies. These are also used to treat nasal congestion, sneezing, or hives because of pollen, dust mites, or animal allergy. H1-antihistamines use during pregnancy has been very controversial due to possible teratogenic effects of these drugs. None of the antihistamines available today has been categorized as safe during pregnancy, but the newer agents require further studies to be declared safer in pregnancy. Pruritus is one of the most common dermatological symptoms in pregnancy.
    
    FDA has put this category under the first generation antihistamines according to the pregnancy complications. Promethazine and hydroxyzine have been categorized as pregnancy category C due to lack of well-controlled studies in the human being. FDA has categorized the second generation antihistamines, i.e. fexofenadine and desloratadine as pregnancy category C drugs. There are no human data on fexofenadine and loratadine that show them to be safe during pregnancy.
    
    Women taking Allergy medicine are advised to notify their gynaecologist if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy or are breastfeeding an infant.
    
    References
    1. Wikipedia Antihistamine URL: Accessed January 19, 2018
    2. Kar S, Krishnan A, Preetha K, Mohankar A. A review of antihistamines used during pregnancy. J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2012;3(2):105-8 URL: Accessed January 19, 2018
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    As animal studies have specified that allergy shots in pregnant women lead to an increased risk of miscarriages and fetal loss. So, allergy shots are not considered to be safe during pregnancy.
    
    FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has specified allergy shots in Pregnancy category C which specifies that there was no fetal harm in animals administered with Influenza vaccination, but there is no adequate data for human studies that have demonstrated allergy shots to be safe for use in women in any trimester of pregnancy.
    
    Women before taking allergy shots are advised to notify their gynaecologist if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant or are breastfeeding an infant.
    
    References
    1. NIH H1N1 flu shots are safe for pregnant women URL: Accessed January 15, 2018
    2. Wikipedia Influenza vaccine URL: Accessed January 15, 2018
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    Allergy medicine (Antihistaminic drugs) are not safe during pregnancy. These are the drugs which are used to treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies. These are also used to treat nasal congestion, sneezing, or hives because of pollen, dust mites, or animal allergy. H1-antihistamines use during pregnancy has been very controversial due to possible teratogenic effects of these drugs. None of the antihistamines available today has been categorized as safe during pregnancy, but the newer agents require further studies to be declared safer in pregnancy. Pruritus is one of the most common dermatological symptoms in pregnancy.
    
    FDA has put this category under the first generation antihistamines according to the pregnancy complications. Promethazine and hydroxyzine have been categorized as pregnancy category C due to lack of well-controlled studies in the human being. FDA has categorized the second generation antihistamines, i.e. fexofenadine and desloratadine as pregnancy category C drugs. There are no human data on fexofenadine and loratadine that show them to be safe during pregnancy.
    
    Women taking Allergy medicine are advised to notify their gynaecologist if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy or are breastfeeding an infant.
    
    References
    1. Wikipedia Antihistamine URL: Accessed January 19, 2018
    2. Kar S, Krishnan A, Preetha K, Mohankar A. A review of antihistamines used during pregnancy. J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2012;3(2):105-8 URL: Accessed January 19, 2018
    Share
    Share the link to this answer
    FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has specified influenza vaccination(allergy shots) in Pregnancy category C which specifies that there was fetal harm in animals administered with Influenza vaccination but there is no adequate data for human studies that have demonstrated Influenza vaccination to be safe for use in women in any trimester of pregnancy.
    
    However, some studies have specified that influenza vaccination in pregnant women leads to an increased risk of miscarriages and fetal loss. So, it is not considered to be very safe during pregnancy.
    
    Women before taking Influenza vaccination are advised to notify their gynecologist if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant or are breastfeeding an infant.
    
    References
    1. NIH H1N1 flu shots are safe for pregnant women URL: Accessed January 02, 2018
    2. Wikipedia Influenza vaccine URL: Accessed January 02, 2018
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    Demographic Information - Allergy

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Allergy. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    Gender
    44 out of 58 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Female13
    Male44
    Other1
    Participants: 58
    Age
    The most common user is 21-30 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 2116
    21-3017
    30-407
    40-504
    50+7
    Participants: 51
    Marital Status
    Users most commonly report that they are 'Single, never married'.
    Users Percentile
    Single, never married4
    Married or domestic partnership1
    Participants: 5
    Disease
    Users most commonly suffer from Other.
    Users Percentile
    Asthma6
    High blood pressure3
    Hepatitis B3
    Insomnia2
    Angina2
    High cholesterol2
    Other8
    Participants: 26
    Body Weight
    13 out of 56 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Overweight13
    Not overweight43
    Participants: 56
    Smoking Habit
    42 out of 59 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Smoke17
    Do not smoke42
    Participants: 59
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
    Users Percentile
    Never32
    One drink a day1
    Two drinks a day2
    More than two drinks a day1
    Once a week1
    Twice a week3
    Once a month8
    Participants: 48
    Well-being
    21 out of 50 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months21
    No significant pain in the last 3 months29
    Participants: 50
    Profession
    Student is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Student11
    Accountant6
    Engineer, IT or Software5
    Retired3
    Doctor3
    Family business2
    Other17
    Participants: 39
    Routine Health Check-ups
    1 out of 3 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
    No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations2
    Participants: 3
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    'I am healthy and do not need routine health check-ups' is the most commonly reported reason for not receiving routine health checkups.
    Users Percentile
    I am healthy and do not need routine health check-ups2
    Participants: 2
    Medication
    2 out of 4 users report that they are taking more than one medicine on regular basis.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking more than one medicine on regular basis2
    No, not on taking more than one medicine on regular basis2
    Participants: 4
    Immunization
    3 out of 4 users report that they are have received immunization.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, received immunization3
    No, not received immunization1
    Participants: 4
    Supplements
    2 out of 5 users report that they take vitamins or herbal supplements.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, taking supplements2
    No, not taking supplements3
    Participants: 5
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise once a week.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week24
    Twice a week1
    Five times a week7
    Everyday8
    Never1
    Participants: 41
    Exercise Duration
    Users most commonly report that they exercise 'Less than 15 minutes' each time.
    Users Percentile
    Less than 15 minutes1
    Less than 1 hour1
    Participants: 2
    Like Exercising
    Users most commonly report that they enjoy exercising 'Most of the time'.
    Users Percentile
    Most of the time1
    Always1
    Participants: 2
    Difficulties in Exercising
    'Proper techniques' is the most commonly reported difficulty in achieving fitness.
    Users Percentile
    Proper techniques1
    Losing weight1
    Participants: 2
    Fruits and Vegetables
    Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables '1-3 times per week'.
    Users Percentile
    1-3 times per week2
    1-3 times per month1
    Everyday1
    Participants: 4
    Healthy Food Choices
    Users most commonly report that they make a healthy food choice 'Always'.
    Users Percentile
    Always3
    Sometimes1
    Participants: 4
    Eating Out
    Users most commonly report to eat out 'Everyday'.
    Users Percentile
    Everyday3
    Participants: 3
    Fast Food Frequency
    Users most commonly report that they eat fast food '1-3 times per month'.
    Users Percentile
    1-3 times per month1
    Everyday1
    Participants: 2
    Special Diet
    2 out of 7 users report that they are on a special diet.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, on a special diet2
    No, not on a special diet5
    Participants: 7
    Housing Type
    Users most commonly report that they live in a 'House'.
    Users Percentile
    House3
    Apartment2
    Participants: 5
    Own Home
    2 out of 5 users report that they own a home.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, own a home2
    No, do not own a home3
    Participants: 5
    Non-emergency Visits
    Users most commonly report that they go to 'Hospital' for their non-emergency health issues.
    Users Percentile
    Hospital2
    Doctor's Clinic2
    Participants: 4
    Medicine Source
    Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
    Users Percentile
    Local pharmacy3
    Hospital1
    Participants: 4

    References

    1. Wikipedia Allergy - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Ober C, Yao TC. The genetics of asthma and allergic disease: a 21st century perspective. Immunol Rev. 2011;242(1):10-30. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. MAYO CLINIC Allergies - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. MAYO CLINIC Allergies - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. MAYO CLINIC Food allergy - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/11/2018.
    This page provides information for Allergy in English.

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